Categories Prostate Cancer

Diagnosing Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world. Everyone, therefore, should be informed about it. The following steps will guide you in diagnosing this disease.

Step 1

Know the risk factors for prostate cancer. These include family history of prostate cancer in a first degree relative, older age, African American race and a diet rich in animal fat.

Step 2

Perform the following prostate cancer screening in all men:

A rectal exam performed by a health care provider to feel for any lumps or irregularities in the prostate gland.

A blood test that measures prostate specific antigen (PSA). PSA is a protein produced by the prostate. Although many men with prostate cancer have an elevated PSA concentration (above 4.0 ng/mL), an elevated level does not always mean a cancer is present.

Step 3

Perform a trans rectal ultrasound if above tests are positive. It can be done in an office.

Step 4

If all of the above tests are positive, do a prostate biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Tips and facts:

It is important to distinguish Prostate cancer from Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) which is a non-malignent or benigh condition that occurs when the prostate enlarges, slowing or blocking the urine outflow. Treatment of BPH is aimed at reducing the urinary symptoms and improving urine flow. This may also include the surgical or endoscopic removal of the hypertrophied gland. For more information on Benigh Prostate Hypertrophy please read my article titled, ‘Treatment of Benigh Prostate Hypertrophy’

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