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Guest posts As of 17 October 2018 when recreational use of cannabis was legalized in Canada, dietary supplements for human use and veterinary health products containing not more than 10 parts per million of THC extract were approved for marketing; Nabiximols (as Sativex) is used as a prescription drug in Canada. Studies of long-term effects on cognition have provided conflicting results, with some studies finding no difference between long-term abstainers and never-users and others finding long-term deficits. Become an author The effects of cannabis when smoked or vaporized appear almost immediately, reach their strongest in the first 15 minutes or so, start to fade before an hour has passed, and are nearly gone after about 3 hours, although the exact timings vary from person to person. Suggest a post There are also art forms specializing in the arrangement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. While the effects of use rely on dose and the expectations and mood of the user, cannabis can often lead to a state of relaxation, talkativeness and the giggles. At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. Want to write an article This taxonomic interpretation was embraced by Cannabis aficionados who commonly distinguish narrow-leafed "sativa" strains from wide-leafed "indica" strains. However, not all components of cannabis are psychoactive. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. Another study by Drug Science also looked at how changing governmental legislation on cannabis can reduce harm to users and found that state control of cannabis was the best policy to minimise drug harms. Submit content [134] Of daily users, about 50% experience withdrawal upon cessation of use (i. Organizations that oppose the legalization of medical cannabis include the American Academy of Pediatrics[10] and American Psychiatric Association. And on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is now legal and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors in the UK from 1 November 2018. [71] The terminal half-life is approximately 18–32 hours. Marijuana or marihuana (herbal cannabis)[20] consists of the dried flowers and fruits and subtending leaves and stems of the female Cannabis plant. [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. Guest blogger guidelines [230] The California Supreme Court decided in May 2013 that local governments can ban medical marijuana dispensaries despite a state law in California that permits the use of cannabis for medical purposes. In Flora Lapponica Linnaeus's ideas about nomenclature and classification were first used in a practical way, making this the first proto-modern Flora. [93]:56–57 His lectures were normally very popular and were often held in the Botanical Garden. Submit your content The Duquenois–Levine test is commonly used as a screening test in the field, but it cannot definitively confirm the presence of cannabis, as a large range of substances have been shown to give false positives. Guest post courtesy of [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. Two men have been arrested after police raided a major cannabis operation in a former bingo hall. Of these individuals, about 9% may develop an addiction. Analysis shows 43 out of 59 companies in major marijuana funds were lossmaking. Guest posters wanted [240] The Canadian Licensed Producer system aims to become the Gold Standard in the world for safe and secure cannabis production,[241] including provisions for a robust craft cannabis industry where many expect opportunities for experimenting with different strains. Blog for us The first plant receptors of conserved microbial signatures were identified in rice (XA21, 1995)[79] and in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLS2, 2000). However, Clifford offered to compensate Burman by offering him a copy of Sir Hans Sloane's Natural History of Jamaica, a rare book, if he let Linnaeus stay with him, and Burman accepted. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. Submit guest post His lectures were popular, and Linnaeus often addressed an audience of 300 people. At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf. Because of the reported links between the schizotypal personality and schizophrenia, this type of personality disorder has come under scrutiny in examining the role of cannabis in producing psychotic symptoms. Renewable fuels from plants include firewood, peat and other biofuels. There is no good evidence that medical cannabis is effective for treating posttraumatic stress disorder, and its use for this purpose is not recommended. Looking for guest posts [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. Medical Cannabis Student Educational Slides. Submit post Short-term use increases both minor and major adverse effects. A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. ) Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. [193][194] Some research suggests that the ancient Indo-Iranian drug soma, mentioned in the Vedas, sometimes contained cannabis. Cannabis sativa is dioecious: there are separate male and female plants. Guest post policy The genus Cannabis was formerly placed in the nettle family (Urticaceae) or mulberry family (Moraceae), and later, along with the genus Humulus (hops), in a separate family, the hemp family (Cannabaceae sensu stricto). Submitting a guest post Fossils of seed ferns such as Glossopteris are widely distributed throughout several continents of the Southern Hemisphere, a fact that gave support to Alfred Wegener's early ideas regarding Continental drift theory. [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. Write for us Linnaeus was born in Råshult, the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. All participants were administered 10 mg of d-9-THC, 600 mg of CBD and placebo (flour) in three different functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions while performing a response inhibition task, a verbal memory task, an emotional task (viewing fearful faces) and an auditory and visual sensory processing task. [222] These laws have had an adverse effect on cannabis cultivation for non-recreational purposes, but there are many regions where handling of cannabis is legal or licensed. The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. In relation to the imaging data, during the response inhibition task, relative to placebo, d-9-THC attenuated the engagement of brain regions that normally mediate response inhibition, whilst CBD modulated activity in regions not implicated with this task [Borgwardt et al. Blog for us There is some evidence that women who smoke cannabis during the time of conception or while pregnant may increase the risk of their child being born with birth defects. In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. People who are addicted to alcohol can become very ill and even die if they are unable to drink it. Submit post [150] However, this is disputed by researchers. Guest post courtesy of The Hippies were against the Beast and it was a war but we replaced guns with pot and armies with communes growing organic food, yes the Hippies invented ‘Organic’ clean, natural living in harmony with nature. The effects of cannabis can vary a lot from person to person. Cannabis, called má 麻 (meaning "hemp; cannabis; numbness") or dàmá 大麻 (with "big; great") in Chinese, was used in Taiwan for fiber starting about 10,000 years ago. [87][88] Once again, Linnaeus found a patron; he became acquainted with Count Carl Gustav Tessin, who helped him get work as a physician at the Admiralty. Want to write an article In May 1738, he set out for Sweden again. Guest article Humberside Police said the people doing the work were often victims of modern slavery. People in the process of developing schizophrenia often turn to cannabis, (rather than the cannabis causing the illness) possibly because it feels like it helps them in dealing with some of the symptoms. Blog for us In seed plants, the microgametophyte is reduced from a multicellular free-living organism to a few cells in a pollen grain and the miniaturised megagametophyte remains inside the megasporangium, attached to and dependent on the parent plant. Guest post- As of 2013, current studies suffer from the effects of bias, small sample size, and lack of long-term data. This post was written by Gardens may cultivate the plants in a naturalistic state, or may sculpture their growth, as with topiary or espalier. This taxonomic interpretation was embraced by Cannabis aficionados who commonly distinguish narrow-leafed "sativa" strains from wide-leafed "indica" strains. The rose, considered a symbol of love in many cultures, is featured prominently in poetry and literature. On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. Sponsored post Inhaling – Sometimes cannabis may be inhaled via a pipe or bong. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. This is a guest post by 1 oz) or less was made a misdemeanor. This is a guest post by The provenance of the hydra suggested to Linnaeus that it had been manufactured by monks to represent the Beast of Revelation. What are this week's lockdown changes?. It was a moral and spiritual rearmament the likes of which had never been seen before. [98][99] Cannabis withdrawal symptoms are typically mild and are not life-threatening. That could mean ongoing cough with colored mucus. Guest posters wanted On the expedition his primary companion was Erik Gustaf Lidbeck, a student who had accompanied him on his previous journey. Sponsored post by [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. Guest post by Schizophrenia is a complex mental health condition linked to psychosis. There is early hope that cannabis may have an important place in the toolkit doctors have to fight cancer, in short, it may become a useful chemotherapy, but it is not a replacement for current chemotherapy. Guest post guidelines Smoking cannabis carries similar risks to smoking tobacco. Writers wanted You can use pot in a variety of ways. Become an author Moreover, avoiding the chemicals that result from burning is likely to be a good move. 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Guest posting rules Tiny samples of Cannabis plants also can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment. is controlled at the state level. Become a contributor The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. Guest article [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. Herodotus also noted that the Thracians, a people who had intimate contact with the Scythians, introduced the plant to the Dacians where it became popular among a shamanic cult named the Kapnobatai, or "Those Who Walk in the Clouds. The shield in the coat of arms is divided into thirds: red, black and green for the three kingdoms of nature (animal, mineral and vegetable) in Linnaean classification; in the centre is an egg "to denote Nature, which is continued and perpetuated in ovo. Contribute to our site [134] Of daily users, about 50% experience withdrawal upon cessation of use (i. [41] Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, plus 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). Guest post guidelines Linnaeus's remains constitute the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen that he is known to have examined was himself. Linnaeus classified humans among the primates beginning with the first edition of Systema Naturae. Contributor guidelines The acquaintance was a 24-year-old medical student, James Edward Smith, who bought the whole collection: 14,000 plants, 3,198 insects, 1,564 shells, about 3,000 letters and 1,600 books. [37] He received Linnaeus into his home and allowed him use of his library, which was one of the richest botanical libraries in Sweden. Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. Guest posters wanted Incident light that stimulates a chemical reaction in one leaf, will cause a chain reaction of signals to the entire plant via a type of cell termed a bundle sheath cell. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Guest blogger guidelines Some of the sport's biggest names on why they love it and how they 'found it'. Guest article 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. Contribute to this site [118] Few high quality studies have been performed on the long-term effects of cannabis on cognition, and the results were generally inconsistent. [22] Linnaeus rarely studied, often going to the countryside to look for plants. These two species are also sometimes treated as subspecies of C. Some studies state that while there is no proof for the gateway hypothesis,[273] young cannabis users should still be considered as a risk group for intervention programs. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. Submit blog post In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. "[19] The Chinese archaeologist Hongen Jiang and his colleagues excavated a circa 2,400-2,800 BP tomb in northwest China's Turpan Basin and found the remains of an approximately 35-year-old man with Caucasian features who had been buried with thirteen 1-meter cannabis plants, placed diagonally across his chest. Guest author [5] Concerns include memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, there were 455,000 emergency room visits associated with cannabis use in 2011.


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This dehydration is now considered the fundamental cause of freezing injury. Blog for us [288] This causes confounding factors, where questions arise as to whether the tobacco, the cannabis, or both that have caused a cancer. The commonest way of using cannabis in the UK is also the worst for your health. In 1752 Linnaeus published a thesis along with Frederick Lindberg, a physician student,[106] based on their experiences. [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). The embryophytes have the ability to secrete a cuticle on their outer surface, a waxy layer that confers resistant to desiccation. On 17 October 2015, Australian health minister Sussan Ley presented a new law that will allow the cultivation of cannabis for scientific research and medical trials on patients. Guest posting Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Guest contributor guidelines [31] Soon thereafter, Schaffner disputed Hirata's interpretation,[32] and published results from his own studies of sex reversal in hemp, concluding that an X:A system was in use and that furthermore sex was strongly influenced by environmental conditions. An increasing number of countries are making cannabis legal for medicinal uses and on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is legal in the UK too and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors from 1 November 2018. The oldest texts of Traditional Chinese Medicine listed herbal uses for cannabis and noted some psychodynamic effects. There is growing evidence that cannabis may be effective in providing symptomatic relief for diseases of the muscular-skeletal system like multiple sclerosis. Expert insights, analysis and smart data help you cut through the noise to spot trends, risks and opportunities. Articles wanted [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. Submit blog post Rhamnales Rosanae Urticales[2]. Cannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. Want to contribute to our website as a wild or escaped variety of the high-intoxicant type. Submit article According to DSM-V criteria, 9% of those who are exposed to cannabis develop cannabis use disorder, compared to 20% for cocaine, 23% for alcohol and 68% for nicotine. These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. Tobacco is often mixed with cannabis, for making joints or smoking bongs. Want to write for [73][74] On 24 September 1735, Linnaeus moved to Hartekamp to become personal physician to Clifford, and curator of Clifford's herbarium. Funding: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. As of 17 October 2018 when recreational use of cannabis was legalized in Canada, dietary supplements for human use and veterinary health products containing not more than 10 parts per million of THC extract were approved for marketing; Nabiximols (as Sativex) is used as a prescription drug in Canada. Indeed, it has been shown that people scoring high in schizotypy who use cannabis are more likely to have psychosis-like experiences at the time of use, together with unpleasant side effects [Barkus et al. Some researchers think Chinese associations of cannabis with "indigenous central Asian shamanistic practices" can explain this "peculiar silence". Submit guest article Anyone using a hydroponic system, or growing more than a handful of plants, is likely to be charged with intent to supply, as well as production and possession. [93]:63[126] Despite his desire to be buried in Hammarby, he was buried in Uppsala Cathedral on 22 January. Its mission includes "liberating the Cannabis plant and the minds of those who do and of those who do not revere it," and is actively involved in the legal and social discussions surrounding cannabis use in society. However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Enterprising attorneys for the defense in a few drug busts argued that the seized Cannabis material may not have been C. Guest posting [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. Contributor guidelines Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. Sponsored post: [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. These habits have led to surprising lung injuries , where air has forced its way through tiny tears in the lung and ended up in places where it shouldn’t be, but these injuries are rare. In this article we will provide an overview of the different effects of the two main compounds of the plant, as well as its effects upon different sections of the population. Plants are characterized by sexual reproduction and alternation of generations, although asexual reproduction is also common. While cannabis plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE,[36] evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive effects at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains;[37] the earliest evidence found at a cemetery in what is today western China close to the tripoint with Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Of these individuals, about 9% may develop an addiction. THC and its major (inactive) metabolite, THC-COOH, can be measured in blood, urine, hair, oral fluid or sweat using chromatographic techniques as part of a drug use testing program or a forensic investigation of a traffic or other criminal offense. FDA: “FDA approves first drug comprised of an active ingredient derived from marijuana to treat rare, severe forms of epilepsy. Medical cannabis research includes any medical research on using cannabis as a treatment for any medical condition. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. Guest post policy India marks 300,000 Covid deaths as pandemic rages8. Marijuana has mind-altering compounds that affect both your brain and body. Although the system, now known as binomial nomenclature, was partially developed by the Bauhin brothers (see Gaspard Bauhin and Johann Bauhin) almost 200 years earlier,[146] Linnaeus was the first to use it consistently throughout the work, including in monospecific genera, and may be said to have popularised it within the scientific community. Contribute to our site AD 1320 were found to have traces of cannabis. Sponsored post are dependent), characterized by sleep problems, irritability, dysphoria, and craving. Become a guest blogger That means you can’t stop using it even if it harms your relationships, job, health, or finances. Writers wanted The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. Sometimes the vein will actually pass tangent to the notch, but often it will pass by at a small distance, and when that happens a spur vein (occasionally a pair of such spur veins) branches off and joins the leaf margin at the deepest point of the notch. It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimise the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!. They should also consider its possible effects on their mental and physical health. [17] Based on additional grave goods, archaeologists concluded these individuals were shamans: "The marijuana must have been buried with the dead shamans who dreamed of continuing the profession in another world. Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects. Guest-post Tobacco is often mixed with cannabis, for making joints or smoking bongs. Sponsored post: These stories are often passed to ill people with good intentions, but they can be a dangerously persuasive mix of misinterpreted facts and total nonsense. Researchers looked at twins who differed in their cannabis use but had the same family background, it was the disadvantaged background not the cannabis use that made the difference to their success. As a practical matter, the Court is in agreement with the Government that smoking marijuana at religious rituals all day, every day appears abusive. These findings suggest that current trends for preferring higher THC content variants carry significant health risks, particularly to those who are susceptible to its harmful effects. Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. (A portion of Hartekamp was declared as public garden in April 1956 by the Heemstede local authority, and was named "Linnaeushof". Guest-blogger This classification may date from Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC), who made the distinction between plants, which generally do not move, and animals, which often are mobile to catch their food. Guest post- 2 of these – tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) – are the active ingredients of a prescription drug called Sativex. Colorado Department of Public Health: “FAQ -- Health Effects of Marijuana. Professor Kilian Stobæus, natural scientist, physician and historian, offered Linnaeus tutoring and lodging, as well as the use of his library, which included many books about botany. Skunk and other forms of strong cannabis contain high levels of THC but very little, or no, CBD. Contributing writer Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the atmosphere. A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. [31][failed verification] Also, the Dacians and the Scythians had a tradition where a fire was made in an enclosed space and cannabis seeds were burnt and the resulting smoke ingested. These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. [5] When usual treatments are ineffective, cannabinoids have also been recommended for anorexia, arthritis, glaucoma,[17] and migraine. Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae (oleaster/Russian olive family) Moraceae (mulberry family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Rosaceae (rose family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family). Sponsored post: A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. The effects of cannabis can vary massively. Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs. [161] Nabilone, a synthetic cannabinoid, is also Schedule II, indicating high potential for side effects and addiction. sativa is tall and laxly branched with relatively narrow leaflets, C. Cannabis sativa, also known as hemp, is a species of the Cannabinaceae family of plants. Cannabis is a complex plant, with major compounds such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, which have opposing effects. Guest post guidelines Depending on the solvent, these may be used in cannabis foods or applied topically. Smoking or inhaling: A sense of elation can start within minutes and peak after 10–30 minutes. The UNODC states that cannabis often contains 5% THC content, resin "can contain up to 20% THC content", and that "Cannabis oil may contain more than 60% THC content. There are several references in Greek mythology to a powerful drug that eliminated anguish and sorrow. Guest post He was also curious about the customs of the native Sami people, reindeer-herding nomads who wandered Scandinavia's vast tundras. Two years later, a daughter, Elisabeth Christina, was born, and the subsequent year Sara gave birth to Sara Magdalena, who died when 15 days old. These stories are often passed to ill people with good intentions, but they can be a dangerously persuasive mix of misinterpreted facts and total nonsense. Become a guest blogger Rudbeck's former assistant, Nils Rosén, returned to the University in March 1731 with a degree in medicine. Guest post guidelines [31][32] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections. This post was written by The justice of this conclusion will be admitted: for in the first place, we must bear in mind the comparative insignificance for classification of the great development of the brain in man, and that the strongly marked differences between the skulls of man and the Quadrumana (lately insisted upon by Bischoff, Aeby, and others) apparently follow from their differently developed brains. Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Other compounds include the cannabivarins and cannabichromenes; they are all collectively known as cannabinoids. Cannabis can deliver the positive effects its users hope for, but it doesn’t always do so, and it can cause harm too. Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. Submit blog post 4 mg of THC and 30 mg of CBD; mild to moderate dizziness is common during the first few weeks. Guest posting If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident. The discrepancies between studies may reflect greater long-term effects among heavier users relative to occasional users, and greater duration of effect among those with heavy use as adolescents compared to later in life. These habits have led to surprising lung injuries , where air has forced its way through tiny tears in the lung and ended up in places where it shouldn’t be, but these injuries are rare. Rastafari see cannabis as a sacramental and deeply beneficial plant that is the Tree of Life mentioned in the Bible and quote Revelation 22:2, ". This renders the risk of accidental overdose a practical impossibility, unless purified THC is involved. Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. [85] It was the most common method of medical cannabis consumption in the US as of 2013[update]. Guest post guidelines Both sides are right and wrong. Want to write a post Hemp and cannabis, the botanical name assigned in the mid-eighteenth century, describe the entire cannabis plant for all its uses. [4] It is mentioned in the original Hebrew Old Testament and in its Aramaic translations as both incense and as intoxicant. Submit article Using cannabis causes a number of physical effects including increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, tiredness and occasionally, dizziness. The UNODC states that cannabis often contains 5% THC content, resin "can contain up to 20% THC content", and that "Cannabis oil may contain more than 60% THC content. This resulted in a physical separation between the two collections; the museum collection remained in the botanical garden of the university. [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Guest-post Natural compounds of the cannabis plant are also referred to as phytocannabinoids of which d-9-THC is the main psychoactive ingredient and has been widely researched both in animals and humans. Looking for guest posts If you are young and think you might like to try cannabis, you don’t necessarily need to say yes at the first opportunity; waiting until you are older reduces the risks, and waiting for a perfect relaxed opportunity rather than the first available chance makes it more likely you’ll enjoy it anyway. Submit guest article Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Write for us Common or street names: Bud, ganja, grass, hashish, hemp, Indian hemp, marijuana, pot, reefer, weed. Antisocial personality disorder involves patterns of disregard for the rights of others. These effects can start within a few minutes and may last several hours depending on how much is taken. But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people.


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Marijuana can make it harder for you to focus, learn, and remember things. Antisocial personality disorder involves patterns of disregard for the rights of others. Lower levels of evidence support its use for AIDS wasting syndrome, epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, and glaucoma. Dronabinol (tetrahydrocannabinol) has been available by prescription for more than a decade in the USA. Want to write a post The leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. Even at the risk of incurring the mayor's wrath, Linnaeus made his observations public, dashing the mayor's dreams of selling the hydra for an enormous sum. Become lethargic and unmotivated. Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. About 9% of those who experiment with marijuana eventually become dependent according to DSM-IV (1994) criteria. ) Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. But scientists aren’t yet sure how well it works or if it’s safe over the long term. Cannabis is first referred to in Hindu Vedas between 2000 and 1400 BCE, in the Atharvaveda. Contributor guidelines Read the latest updates on cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer – the evidence so far on the Cancer Research UK website. Guest posting rules Tiny samples of Cannabis plants also can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment. The major active principle in all cannabis products is Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC or simply THC), also known by its International Non-Proprietary Name (INN) as dronabinol. Currently, Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. Other effects can include impaired short-term memory; impaired motor coordination; altered judgment; and paranoia or psychosis at high doses. Submit content Numerous animals have coevolved with plants. Linnaeus had already agreed to stay with Burman over the winter, and could thus not accept immediately. There may also be contaminants. Medical cannabis can be administered through various methods, including capsules, lozenges, tinctures, dermal patches, oral or dermal sprays, cannabis edibles, and vaporizing or smoking dried buds. [55] About 9% of those who experiment with marijuana eventually become dependent. Guest author In most cases where the XY system is found it is believed to have evolved recently and independently. Guest post opportunities [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. Several studies have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in the advanced stages of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. Sponsored post by Due to its potency, however, some consumers use only a small quantity of kief in order to limit its effects. Cannabis has a musky, sweet smell. The majority of plant species have various kinds of fungi associated with their root systems in a kind of mutualistic symbiosis known as mycorrhiza. Write for us At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. [46] There is limited evidence suggesting cannabis can be used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, or to treat chronic pain and muscle spasms. The shield in the coat of arms is divided into thirds: red, black and green for the three kingdoms of nature (animal, mineral and vegetable) in Linnaean classification; in the centre is an egg "to denote Nature, which is continued and perpetuated in ovo. Guest posting indica was primarily selected for drug production. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. Two active metabolites are formed: 11-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8β-hydroxy-Δ9-THC. Later, a phylogeny based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was proposed. [4] As of 2018, medical marijuana in Canada is being legally distributed to registered patients in bud, drops and capsule forms by such companies as Canopy Growth Corp. Plants usually rely on soil primarily for support and water (in quantitative terms), but they also obtain compounds of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and other elemental nutrients from the soil. He named a solanaceous genus, Scopolia, the source of scopolamine, after him, but because of the great distance between them, they never met. He returned to Sweden in 1779, one year after Linnaeus's death. Guest post: Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). The most rapid growth in cannabis abuse since the 1960s has been in developed countries in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Submit blog post Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the atmosphere. While cannabis plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE,[36] evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive effects at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains;[37] the earliest evidence found at a cemetery in what is today western China close to the tripoint with Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. Submit post Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis. Optimal plant growth can be hampered by grazing animals, suboptimal soil composition, lack of mycorrhizal fungi, and attacks by insects or plant diseases, including those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. Sponsored post It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use. Become an author [129][130] Countries with the most relaxed policies include Canada,[131] Uruguay,[109] and the Netherlands,[109] where cannabis can be purchased without need for a prescription. Sponsored post This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. Submit blog post Rosales is an order of flowering plants. Guest article [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. This post was written by LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Submit guest post Cannabis is also the most widely used illicit drug in the world and its use has been associated with various mental health problems, particularly in the young [Hall and Degenhardt, 2007; Degenhardt et al. Analysis shows 43 out of 59 companies in major marijuana funds were lossmaking. Blog for us From 21 case series covering a number of countries, a recent and consistent worldwide increase in cannabis potency was reported [Cascini et al. On the expedition his primary companion was Erik Gustaf Lidbeck, a student who had accompanied him on his previous journey. Submit a guest post Further evidence for the existence of D2 and CB1Rs in ventral striatum is provided by electron microscopy analysis, which confirms the relevance to the rewarding and euphoric, as well as motor effects produced by cannabis, by enhancing dopamine levels particularly in the nucleus accumbens [Pickel et al. Since then, it has become clear that the plant kingdom as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. states legalized cannabis, street prices began to drop. Writers wanted Panic attacks can be sudden and overpowering. Experts still aren’t sure what each cannabinoid does, but they have a pretty good understanding of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Want to write an article Since the 1920s, a number of sex determination models have been proposed for Cannabis. Short-term use increases both minor and major adverse effects. Sexually-liberated and navigating life. Guest post by Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. The rose, considered a symbol of love in many cultures, is featured prominently in poetry and literature. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. Christopher Tärnström, the first apostle and a 43-year-old pastor with a wife and children, made his journey in 1746. The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. At any age, becoming addicted to a drug makes it harder to succeed in many parts of life. Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. Accepting guest posts American Cancer Society: “Marijuana and Cancer. National Health Service (UK): “Cannabis: the facts. They’re different names for the same drug that comes from the cannabis plant. According to the competitive exclusion principle, when environmental resources are limited, species cannot occupy nor be supported by identical niches. Chrystal Capital hopes to profit from legalisation moves even though shares in sector have struggled. This court has no evidentiary basis with which to make such a determination and any guesswork on the court's part would result in an administrative quagmire for the Probation Office. Linnaeus classified humans among the primates beginning with the first edition of Systema Naturae. Guest posting [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. [73][74] THC is highly protein bound once absorbed, with only 3% found unbound in the plasma. Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. The doctor offered to have Linnaeus live with his family in Växjö and to teach him physiology and botany. In Colorado, the price of smokable buds (infructescences) dropped 40 percent between 2014 and 2019, from $200 per ounce to $120 per ounce ($7 per gram to $4. Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. There is concern that cannabis may contribute to cardiovascular disease,[105] but as of 2018, evidence of this relationship was unclear. "Skunk" refers to several named strains of potent cannabis, grown through selective breeding and sometimes hydroponics. They undergo closed mitosis without centrioles, and typically have mitochondria with flat cristae. [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. The Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews, among other Semitic cultures of the Middle East, mostly acquired cannabis from Aryan cultures and have burned it as an incense as early as 1000 BC. Surviving texts from ancient India confirm that cannabis' psychoactive properties were recognized, and doctors used it for treating a variety of illnesses and ailments, including insomnia, headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, and pain, including during childbirth. territories, and the District of Columbia. The acute effects of cannabis use has been recognized for many years, and recent studies have confirmed and extended earlier findings. Cannabis is frequently used among Sufis[135] – the mystical interpretation of Islam that exerts strong influence over local Muslim practices in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Turkey, and Pakistan. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. Guest post by Another cannabinoid drug, called Nabilone, is sometimes used to relieve sickness in people having chemotherapy for cancer. Read the latest updates on cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer – the evidence so far on the Cancer Research UK website. Plants that produce grain, fruit, and vegetables also form basic human foods and have been domesticated for millennia. D-9-THC caused transient psychotic symptoms and increased the levels of anxiety, intoxication and sedation, whilst CBD had no significant effect on behaviour or these parameters. Black Lives Matter activist shot in London1. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered.


Cannabis growers 'digging up roads to steal power' guest post

Marijuana has mind-altering compounds that affect both your brain and body. [16] Carl's patronymic would have been Nilsson, as in Carl Nilsson Linnæus. Skunk’s strength and speed can sometimes catch out inexperienced users. Become an author The price or street value of cannabis varies widely depending on geographic area and potency. It might be as high as 1 in 2 among those who use it every day. Guest post: Linnaeus felt Uppsala was too noisy and unhealthy, so he bought two farms in 1758: Hammarby and Sävja. Indeed, individuals with a predisposition to psychosis indicated by a positive family history of psychosis have been found to be particularly sensitive to the effects of cannabis [McGuire et al. Guest contributor guidelines Part of the Rastafari movement, elders of the 20th-century religious movement known as the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church, consider cannabis to be the "eucharist",[45] claiming it as an oral tradition from Ethiopia dating back to the time of Christ. The mathematical PageRank algorithm, applied to 24 multilingual Wikipedia editions in 2014, published in PLOS ONE in 2015, placed Carl Linnaeus at the top historical figure, above Jesus, Aristotle, Napoleon, and Adolf Hitler (in that order). Guest-post Researchers have reported that they are working on treatments for CHS, as well as new medical marijuana products that do not cause CHS. Guest blogger guidelines Cannabis has become more closely linked to youth culture and the age of initiation is usually lower than for other drugs. The oldest known fossils of embryophytes date from the Ordovician, though such fossils are fragmentary. Accepting guest posts Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. Linnaeus also travelled to Oxford University to visit the botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius. Guest post by [176] It can be consumed orally or smoked, and is also vaporized, or 'vaped'. For more information see: Marijuana. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved smoked cannabis for any condition or disease, as it deems that evidence is lacking concerning safety and efficacy. Linnaeus's father began teaching him basic Latin, religion, and geography at an early age. These fossils resemble calcified multicellular members of the Dasycladales. Guest blogger A Taoist priest in the fifth century A. "Often extremely vulnerable people are recruited to look after the grows, living in appalling conditions full of fear. [26] The genus Spirogyra is a filamentous streptophyte alga familiar to many, as it is often used in teaching and is one of the organisms responsible for the algal "scum" on ponds. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". But cannabis remains illegal under federal law in the United States. Become a guest blogger It is illegal to be under the influence of marijuana and drive. [165][note 6] Thus he placed man and monkeys under the same category, Anthropomorpha, meaning "manlike. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. Guest blogger guidelines Some studies state that while there is no proof for the gateway hypothesis,[273] young cannabis users should still be considered as a risk group for intervention programs. Blog for us In Egypt, cannabis pollen was recovered from the tomb of Ramses II, who governed for sixty‐seven years during the 19th dynasty, and several mummies contain trace cannabinoids. This classification was based on several factors including interfertility, chromosome uniformity, chemotype, and numerical analysis of phenotypic characters. This is also the maximum sentence for production and cultivation. Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. [182] For Homo troglodytes he asked the Swedish East India Company to search for one, but they did not find any signs of its existence. Even though cannabis has been used and cultivated by mankind for at least 6000 years [Li, 1973] our current knowledge on its pharmacological properties is based on studies which have taken place only since the end of the nineteenth century. A 2008 National Institutes of Health study of 19 chronic heavy marijuana users with cardiac and cerebral abnormalities (averaging 28 g to 272 g (1 to 9+ oz) weekly) and 24 controls found elevated levels of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) in the chronic smokers. A previous zoologist Rumphius (1627–1702) had more or less approximated the Linnaean system and his material contributed to the later development of the binomial scientific classification by Linnaeus. German biologist Ernst Haeckel speaking in 1907 noted this as the "most important sign of Linnaeus's genius". Guest posts wanted 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. Cannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. Nemours Foundation: “Marijuana. Vascular plants first appeared during the Silurian period, and by the Devonian had diversified and spread into many different terrestrial environments. Looking for guest posts cannabis f (genitive cannabis); third declension. Submit content CBD is not the only compound which shows different effects to its main ingredient d-9-THC, a partial CB1R agonist. Guest posters wanted In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, while publishing several volumes. [144] Commercial cannabinoid immunoassays, often employed as the initial screening method when testing physiological specimens for marijuana presence, have different degrees of cross-reactivity with THC and its metabolites. In ancient China shamans were known as wu. This effect can be a result of a rapid drop in blood pressure. Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus and told him their names. Roughly one-sixteenth of an ounce of cannabis resin would be sufficient to produce four strong joints. Write for us [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. Submit article Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[2][7][8][4]. These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species. Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. While cannabis does not produce physical dependence, mild withdrawal symptoms have been observed in experiments. Guest post Soon Linnaeus was given his own patch of earth where he could grow plants. Linnaeus's dissertation was translated into French by J. Sponsored post Last medically reviewed on July 23, 2020. [43] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10-20% rate of dependence. [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Guest posts [4] As of 2012, more than 20 cannabinoids were being studied by the U. Linnaeus and the students stayed on Gotland for about a month, and then returned to Uppsala. In addition, the substructure of multicellular fungi is different from that of plants, taking the form of many chitinous microscopic strands called hyphae, which may be further subdivided into cells or may form a syncytium containing many eukaryotic nuclei. Contributor guidelines Some examples are baked cookies or brownies or other edibles. Guest-post Some people use it looking for fun and laughter, some hope for medical benefits, some want help to relax. Become a guest blogger Early Chinese classics have many references to using the plant for clothing, fiber, and food, but none to its psychotropic properties. Miller ultimately was impressed, and from then on started to arrange the garden according to Linnaeus's system. In 1972, the Dutch government divided drugs into more- and less-dangerous categories, with cannabis being in the lesser category. The authors concluded that some, but not all, of the deficits associated with cannabis use were reversible. As of 17 October 2018 when recreational use of cannabis was legalized in Canada, dietary supplements for human use and veterinary health products containing not more than 10 parts per million of THC extract were approved for marketing; Nabiximols (as Sativex) is used as a prescription drug in Canada. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Contribute to this site [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. Building a Career in Drug Science. [85] Mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy have children with elevated levels of depression, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Guest post policy [87][88] Once again, Linnaeus found a patron; he became acquainted with Count Carl Gustav Tessin, who helped him get work as a physician at the Admiralty. Become guest writer Indeed, individuals with a predisposition to psychosis indicated by a positive family history of psychosis have been found to be particularly sensitive to the effects of cannabis [McGuire et al. Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. Want to write a post These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main structural component of the plant. Guest post- Taking cannabis has the effects it has because it contains some unique drug chemicals called ‘cannabinoids’. These fossils resemble calcified multicellular members of the Dasycladales. Submitting a guest post [7] Cannabis, as an incense, was used in the temples of Assyria and Babylon because "its aroma was pleasing to the Gods. Looking for guest posts [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. Less like alcohol, cannabis also can alter the senses in unusual ways, so music, food, films, computer games might seem different, more fascinating, and easier to feel immersed in. The Ancient Greeks used cannabis to dress wounds and sores on their horses,[94] and in humans, dried leaves of cannabis were used to treat nose bleeds, and cannabis seeds were used to expel tapeworms. Contributor guidelines Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. Guest posting The gateway hypothesis states that cannabis use increases the probability of trying "harder" drugs. Herbal cannabis (known as ‘cannabis flos’), with a nominal THC content of 18 %, is available as a prescription medicine in The Netherlands. Guest contributor guidelines When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. So it may take 30 minutes to 2 hours before you feel anything.  In a world in which no-one used cannabis, people would still develop psychosis, sometimes this is a one-off episode of a few days or weeks, sometimes someone dips in and out of periods of psychosis over their lifetime, sometimes it is more or less constant, and occurs with other problems (schizophrenia). On average, cannabis users do less well at school and leave education earlier too. Become guest writer Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. However, if you or someone else should have sobered up, but are still feeling paranoia or delusional ideas, it is important to get medical help. This renders the risk of accidental overdose a practical impossibility, unless purified THC is involved. Want to contribute to our website This classification may date from Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC), who made the distinction between plants, which generally do not move, and animals, which often are mobile to catch their food. Submit your content Basic biological research has often been done with plants. Submit your content In the present decade, cannabis abuse has grown more rapidly than cocaine and opiate abuse. The 10th edition of Systema Naturae introduced new terms, including Mammalia and Primates, the latter of which would replace Anthropomorpha[171] as well as giving humans the full binomial Homo sapiens. [107] Smoking cannabis has also been shown to increase the risk of myocardial infarction by 4. Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. Guest post Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. Mary Queen of Scots beads stolen in castle raid3. Guest-post [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. Contribute to our site Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). The dry material was transferred to Uppsala. Sponsored post Near Gävle he found great quantities of Campanula serpyllifolia, later known as Linnaea borealis, the twinflower that would become his favourite. Guest blogger guidelines In Buddhism, cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. Guest post The herb carries a spirit, a spirit of unfaltering righteousness that opened our minds to the hope and glory of peace and love. In 1783 Carl died and Sara inherited the collection, having outlived both her husband and son. Want to write for Cannabis is a term that’s being increasingly used to refer to weed or marijuana.


Become an FT subscriber to read: Start-up focused on painkilling effects of cannabis to list in London want to contribute to our website

They attributed universal magical powers to hemp, which was thought to combat all kinds of evil and they took it when they went to war and when they traveled. [38] Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. In modern times, the Rastafari movement has embraced Cannabis as a sacrament. One of a long line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister, and the curate of the small village of Stenbrohult in Småland. Cannabis has been used as a medicine for thousands of years and is helping increasing numbers of people now. Dense raceme of female flowers typical of drug-type varieties of Cannabis. Weed is detectable in bodily fluids for up to 30 days after last use. Inhaled cannabis can result in THC going directly to the brain, where it then travels from the brain back to the liver in recirculation for metabolism. Regularly smoking cannabis with tobacco also increases the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine and experiencing withdrawal symptoms from nicotine as well as cannabis if you cut down or give up. [111][110][112] Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB1 receptors. state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). Guest posting guidelines These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species. It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. Cannabis is a complex plant, with major compounds such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, which have opposing effects. [220] Cannabis is rich in terpenes too. 4% experienced withdrawal symptoms when they tried to quit marijuana such as craving, irritability, boredom, anxiety and sleep disturbances. Guest contributor guidelines It is also an offence to allow premises to be used for producing, supplying or smoking cannabis. Another cornerstone in cannabinoid research was the identification of the specific binding sites of d-9-THC in the brain [Devane et al. [47] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. Widely cultivated strains of cannabis, such as "Afghani" or "Hindu Kush", are indigenous to the Pakistan and Afghanistan regions, while "Durban Poison" is native to Africa. Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. [121] One review found three prospective cohort studies that examined the relationship between self reported cannabis use and intelligence quotient (IQ). One of a long line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister, and the curate of the small village of Stenbrohult in Småland. [47] Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former family Celtidaceae, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato. Let’s start with common unwanted effects, things which might sound familiar to many people who have tried the drug. Guest poster wanted But using pot heavily, especially in your teen years, may leave more permanent effects. [54] The account covered 534 species, used the Linnaean classification system and included, for the described species, geographical distribution and taxonomic notes. Become an author [96]:19–22 Harvesting the plant led to the spread of cannabis throughout Eurasia about 10,000 to 5,000 years ago, with further distribution to the Middle East and Africa about 2,000 to 500 years ago. Articles wanted This time can be very different from person to person. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved smoked cannabis for any condition or disease, as it deems that evidence is lacking concerning safety and efficacy. Carl Linnaeus (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/;[1][2] 23 May[note 1] 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné[3] (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] (listen)), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. The von Linné name ended with his son Carl, who never married. Become a guest blogger Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. Want to contribute to our website CBD, cannabidiol; CNS, central nervous system; GI, gastrointestinal; THC, tetrahydrocannabinol. Its mission includes "liberating the Cannabis plant and the minds of those who do and of those who do not revere it," and is actively involved in the legal and social discussions surrounding cannabis use in society. Submit guest post It is an officially registered religion in many countries on different continents. By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. Traditional, regional language names for cannabis or marijuana include:. Attorneys on both sides recruited botanists to provide expert testimony. Guest post policy " The shamans of the cult, also called Kapnobatai, were known to use hemp smoke to induce visions and trances. Medicine men were practicing magicians. This article looks at the past and present types and diagnoses of…. This post was written by In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their original growth positions. Officers in North Lincolnshire noticed streets were being excavated then filled in once power had been connected. Yogis or sadhus along with other Hindu mystics have been known to smoke a mixture of cannabis sativa and tobacco in order to enhance meditation. THC stimulates specific cannabinoid receptors that increase the release of dopamine. They are not close relatives of the Archaeplastida, presumably having acquired chloroplasts separately from ingested or symbiotic green and red algae. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. Submit blog post [182] For Homo troglodytes he asked the Swedish East India Company to search for one, but they did not find any signs of its existence. Sponsored post [90] Various surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 found that many users of cannabis substitute it for prescription drugs (including opioids), alcohol, and tobacco; most of those who used it in place of alcohol or tobacco either reduced or stopped their intake of the latter substances. Guest post- Structural resources and fibres from plants are used to construct dwellings and to manufacture clothing. Read more about the differences between THC and CBD. Within two weeks he had completed his oral and practical examinations and was awarded a doctoral degree. Mechoulam and colleagues isolated the second endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG), 3 years later [Mechoulam et al. In ancient Germanic culture, Cannabis was associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. Molecular data from 1990s onwards showed that these families were actually embedded within the order Rosales, so that from the first classification by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in 1998, they were placed in an expanded Rosales, forming a group which has been called "urticalean rosids". Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, adapted and updated from Russo and Guy [2006]. Guest posting [70][71][72][73] For Schultes, this was a reversal of his previous interpretation that Cannabis is monotypic, with only a single species. Want to contribute to our website Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form. Sponsored post by Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. Guest article [117] Although there is no evidence of ephedra being used by steppe tribes, they engaged in cultic use of hemp. ) Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. Submit guest article In November 2015, Uttarakhand became the first state of India to legalize the cultivation of hemp for industrial purposes. Sponsored post Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana (MMJ), is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients. THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. Submit your content [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. One of a long line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister, and the curate of the small village of Stenbrohult in Småland. Submit an article The xylem moves water and minerals from the root to the rest of the plant, and the phloem provides the roots with sugars and other nutrient produced by the leaves. In May 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at Uppsala University, first with responsibility for medicine-related matters. Submit a guest post In Systema Naturae, the unwieldy names mostly used at the time, such as "Physalis annua ramosissima, ramis angulosis glabris, foliis dentato-serratis", were supplemented with concise and now familiar "binomials", composed of the generic name, followed by a specific epithet—in the case given, Physalis angulata. Writers wanted Linnaeus also travelled to Oxford University to visit the botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius. This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Guest post A person addicted to cannabis can become irritable and anxious if they try to go without it, lose their appetite, and feel unable to relax and sleep. Guest posting rules His reputation had spread over the world, and he corresponded with many different people. Guest author Endocannabinoids are removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters. Cannabis use may affect fertility. Submitting a guest post [44] A follow-up review found that IQ deficit may be a precursor, rather than result, of cannabis use, and that social and environmental factors are a likely influence. Articles wanted Indeed further research has revealed that the endocannabinoid system also plays a significant role in various aspects of human reproduction [Taylor et al. Some permit the use of products containing only CBD, while others consider any kind of cannabis use a serious crime. 2 per cent of adults aged 16 to 59 having used it in the last year. Guest blogger [17] Based on additional grave goods, archaeologists concluded these individuals were shamans: "The marijuana must have been buried with the dead shamans who dreamed of continuing the profession in another world. Species Plantarum (or, more fully, Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas) was first published in 1753, as a two-volume work. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". Its mission includes "liberating the Cannabis plant and the minds of those who do and of those who do not revere it," and is actively involved in the legal and social discussions surrounding cannabis use in society. That means that in theory, getting caught by the police with any amount of cannabis can lead to up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Humans depend on plants for food, either directly or as feed for domestic animals. Guest posting In 1972, the Dutch government divided drugs into more- and less-dangerous categories, with cannabis being in the lesser category. Our group also assessed whether pretreatment with CBD could prevent the acute psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC when six healthy volunteers were administered d-9-THC intravenously on two occasions, after placebo or CBD pretreatment [Bhattacharyya et al. The cause of the persistent vomiting is not known, but may involve alterations in central neurotransmitters and interactions with cannabidiol receptors also found in the stomach. This is a guest post by [183] Butane and supercritical carbon dioxide hash oil have become popular in recent years. Using cannabis can have a range of short-term effects. Want to write a post The main component of cannabis is THC formed from decarboxylation of THCA. Guest posters wanted Linnaeus greatly respected Scopoli and showed great interest in his work. Guest posting guidelines Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, phytoliths, and amber (the fossilized resin produced by some plants). Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. The potency and balance of the ingredients vary, depending on how the manufacturer grows and processes the plant. Sponsored post: [64] However, many taxonomists found these putative species difficult to distinguish. Submit a guest post Linnaeus joined an ongoing campaign to end this practice in Sweden and promote breast-feeding by mothers. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. Guest posters wanted [5] Concerns include memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. The order Rosales is divided into three clades that have never been assigned a taxonomic rank. In modern times, the Rastafari movement has embraced Cannabis as a sacrament.


Medical cannabis guest posting rules

[232] After a long delay in implementing the retail component of the law, in 2017 sixteen pharmacies were authorized to sell cannabis commercially. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Receptor heteromers provide better understanding of how these different neurotransmitter systems interact with each other. Become a guest blogger 100 CE) Chinese pharmacopeia Shennong Ben Cao Jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) described the use of mafen 麻蕡 "cannabis fruit/seeds":. [6] His other son, Johannes, had died aged 3. Cannabis is becoming increasingly accepted for its use as medicine. In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. Guest-post Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. [7] Other cannabinoids include delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG); they have less psychotropic effects than THC, but may play a role in the overall effect of cannabis. Cannabis is made up of more than 120 components, which are known as cannabinoids. The Gridiculous Pro Theme by bavotasan. Accepting guest posts Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Guest contributor guidelines The gametophytes of all vascular plant groups evolved to become reduced in size and prominence in the life cycle. cannabis (countable and uncountable, plural cannabises). Drug Science is an independent, science-led drugs charity. Write for us Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis. Many households in India own and grow a cannabis plant to be able to offer cannabis to a passing sadhu (ascetic holy men), and during some evening devotional services it is not uncommon for cannabis to be smoked by everyone present. Guest article Various concentrations of THC, cannabidiol (CBD), or hybrid products exist in products found cannabis dispensaries in states that have legalized recreational marijuana use. Knowing what to do can help people regain control. The effects experienced by the cannabis (marijuana) user are variable and will depend upon the dose, method of administration, prior experience, any concurrent drug use, personal expectations, mood state and the social environment in which the drug is used. Various compounds, including hashish and hash oil, are extracted from the plant. Very very occasionally, if someone remains very frightened or paranoid, and does not seem to respond to reassurance, or their behaviour is very alarming, it may be sensible to get help, for example by calling an ambulance. Indeed further research has revealed that the endocannabinoid system also plays a significant role in various aspects of human reproduction [Taylor et al. Sponsored post: The Bashilenge called themselves Bena Riamba, "the sons of hemp", and their land Lubuku, meaning friendship. Writers wanted Cannabis is a plant that has uses as a recreational and medicinal drug. This is particularly common during the festival of Diwali and Kumbha Mela. Guest posting guidelines Black Lives Matter activist shot in London. The justice of this conclusion will be admitted: for in the first place, we must bear in mind the comparative insignificance for classification of the great development of the brain in man, and that the strongly marked differences between the skulls of man and the Quadrumana (lately insisted upon by Bischoff, Aeby, and others) apparently follow from their differently developed brains. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. Guest blogger In the past (for example, in the Obama administration) it has been stated that it is unlikely that the federal government is interested in pursuing individuals complying with state-mandated regulations surrounding legalized cannabis for recreational use, although the CSA law still gives them authority to do so. Cannabis was criminalized in various countries beginning in the 19th century. [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. Guest post policy Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form. [23] He reached the last year of the Lower School when he was fifteen, which was taught by the headmaster, Daniel Lannerus, who was interested in botany. In the United States alone, it is believed that over 100 million Americans have tried cannabis, with 25 million Americans having used it within the past year. Submit post Some types of cannabis might be more likely to hold young people back. Guest article [44][45] The rigorous scientific study of cannabis as a medicine has been hampered by production restrictions and by the fact that it is classified as an illegal drug by many governments. THC Ministry sells a legal defense kit, as the members served prison time during USA prohibition: "Our Cannabis Sanctuary Kit provides you with proof of your legitimacy as a religious practitioner of Cannabis Sacrament. This edition established itself as the starting point for zoological nomenclature, the equivalent of Species Plantarum. Guest post courtesy of Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. A recent study reported that in the UK nearly 1. The hypothesis has been hotly debated as it is regarded by some as the primary rationale for the United States prohibition on cannabis use. Want to write an article Cannabis is by far the most widely cultivated, trafficked and abused illicit drug. While it is true that most people who use heroin will have previously used cannabis, they are also likely to have smoked tobacco and consumed alcohol. Publish your guest post Almost 70% of medical cannabis is exported from the United Kingdom, according to a 2017 United Nations report, with much of the remaining amount coming from Canada and the Netherlands. These unpleasant but usually harmless feelings (called palpitations and tachycardia) can be scary, especially as cannabis can make sensations feel more intense than usual, and make anxiety worse. Renewable fuels from plants include firewood, peat and other biofuels. Several projects are currently attempting to collect all plant species in online databases, e. Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, phytoliths, and amber (the fossilized resin produced by some plants). Drug Science is an independent, science-led drugs charity. Thirty-three states and the District of Columbia now legally allow cannabis for personal medical use. Guest post: [73][74] On 24 September 1735, Linnaeus moved to Hartekamp to become personal physician to Clifford, and curator of Clifford's herbarium. Become guest writer New England Journal of Medicine: “Adverse Health Effects of Marijuana Use. Accepting guest posts Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. This court has no evidentiary basis with which to make such a determination and any guesswork on the court's part would result in an administrative quagmire for the Probation Office. Because of the reported links between the schizotypal personality and schizophrenia, this type of personality disorder has come under scrutiny in examining the role of cannabis in producing psychotic symptoms. Naturally, due to the recent and constant increase in the availability of higher THC content variants of cannabis around the world, there have been increasing concerns about the health risks, particularly for young people. Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully parasitic broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no chlorophyll. While it is true that most people who use heroin will have previously used cannabis, they are also likely to have smoked tobacco and consumed alcohol. See the etymology of the main entry. Guest poster wanted But some people misunderstand what this means. The fully systematic name for this THC isomer is (−)-(6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl- 6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Kloxxado (naloxone hydrochloride) nasal spray is an opioid antagonist indicated. [80] 11-COOH-THC is not psychoactive. Without realising it, people learn to fit in with acting a certain way when they are stoned and around other stoned people. Guest column Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. Two years after his tutoring had begun, he was sent to the Lower Grammar School at Växjö in 1717. The short term effects of cannabis can be altered if it has been laced with opioid drugs such as heroin or fentanyl. Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. The United Nations' World Drug Report stated that cannabis "was the world's most widely produced, trafficked, and consumed drug in the world in 2010", and estimated between 128 million and 238 million users globally in 2015. Do the benefits of cannabis outweigh the risks? Find out here. Due to its potency, however, some consumers use only a small quantity of kief in order to limit its effects. The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. The building is also known as Gala Bingo, according to the Doncaster Free Press. Guest article During the last decade, endocannabinoid research has been one of the fastest growing fields in psychopharmacology, opening ways to discover new medicines for a wide variety of health problems, ranging from metabolic disorders, to glaucoma and schizophrenia. It is clear that further work needs to be carried out to explore the biological mechanisms which determine the vulnerability towards a psychotic outcome. [112] The Yanghai Tombs, a vast ancient cemetery (54 000 m2) situated in the Turfan district of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China, have revealed the 2700-year-old grave of a shaman. But a growing number of doctors prescribe it for specific medical conditions and symptoms. Guest blogger The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". Plants figure prominently in mythology, religion and literature. Guest-post LONDON — Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, which enjoys backing from rapper Snoop Dogg and tobacco giant Imperial Brands, launched Friday on the London Stock Exchange. Join over 300,000 Finance professionals who already subscribe to the FT. Want to contribute to our website Thousands of plant species are cultivated for aesthetic purposes as well as to provide shade, modify temperatures, reduce wind, abate noise, provide privacy, and prevent soil erosion. [5] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations. Calling upon the history of sacramental cannabis use in parts of the world ranging from ancient Scythia and Thrace, to Egypt, India, and the Middle East, he wrote the Cantheist Creed and adopted the Egyptian hieroglyph for cannabis as a symbol. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda estimated to have been written sometime around 2000–1400 BCE,[6] which mentions cannabis as one of the "five sacred plants. Want to contribute to our website Why are people obsessed with wrestling?. This post was written by [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. This is a guest post by [23] He reached the last year of the Lower School when he was fifteen, which was taught by the headmaster, Daniel Lannerus, who was interested in botany. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity while the LD50 (dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents) is high. In most cases where the XY system is found it is believed to have evolved recently and independently. This is a guest post by ruderalis is a separate species from C. Want to write a post The doctor offered to have Linnaeus live with his family in Växjö and to teach him physiology and botany. Guest posts wanted Broberg thought Linnaeus was trying to offer a natural explanation and demystify the world of superstition. But using pot heavily, especially in your teen years, may leave more permanent effects. Guest posters wanted Cannabis), or twining herbs (e. Sometimes tobacco is included in the spliff. The hypothesis has been hotly debated as it is regarded by some as the primary rationale for the United States prohibition on cannabis use. This classification was based on several factors including interfertility, chromosome uniformity, chemotype, and numerical analysis of phenotypic characters. Want to write for [4] Cannabis contains more than 460 compounds;[7] at least 80 of these are cannabinoids[66][67] – chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain.


Carl Linnaeus become guest writer

Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. But that can jump to 70 to 120 beats or more per minute for 3 hours after the effects of pot kick in. The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. Lacking any "suitable evidence that the ancient, indigenous people utilized Cannabis for food, oil, or fiber", they concluded "the deceased was more concerned with the intoxicant and/or medicinal value of the Cannabis remains. Submit article It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law. What's the risk of Covid on public transport?. indica as separate species, but not C. A spokeswoman for Northern Powergrid said: "Tampering with electricity is extremely dangerous, not just for the perpetrator but also for those living in the local community, and can cause electrocution or fire which could cause life changing injuries or at worst be fatal. Guest post guidelines Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). These habits have led to surprising lung injuries , where air has forced its way through tiny tears in the lung and ended up in places where it shouldn’t be, but these injuries are rare. Originally it was thought that CBD was the metabolic parent to d-9-THC, but it was later found that its biosynthesis occurs according to a genetically determined ratio [Russo and Guy, 2006]. Submitting a guest post A year after Linnaeus's birth, his grandfather Samuel Brodersonius died, and his father Nils became the rector of Stenbrohult. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Blog for us World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. Cannabaceae are often dioecious (distinct male and female plants). Write for us Further evidence for the existence of D2 and CB1Rs in ventral striatum is provided by electron microscopy analysis, which confirms the relevance to the rewarding and euphoric, as well as motor effects produced by cannabis, by enhancing dopamine levels particularly in the nucleus accumbens [Pickel et al. At higher doses, effects can include altered body image, auditory and/or visual illusions, pseudohallucinations and ataxia from selective impairment of polysynaptic reflexes. Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. [11] An additional 12 states have more restrictive laws allowing the use of low-THC products. [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Submit article [117] Although there is no evidence of ephedra being used by steppe tribes, they engaged in cultic use of hemp. To take much makes people see demons and throw themselves about like maniacs (多食令人見鬼狂走). Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. This page will let you know some of the risks of cannabis use that users can easily avoid, and also help you to recognise those risks you can never totally get away from if you use it. Guest-blogger At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. In the middle Sahara region, the Senusi sect also cultivated hemp on a large scale for use in religious ceremonies. Guest posting rules Charophyta Rabenhorst 1863 emend. Skunk, like most forms of cannabis, is a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. In December, Linnaeus had a "disagreement" with Rudbeck's wife and had to move out of his mentor's house; his relationship with Rudbeck did not appear to suffer. Common or street names: Bud, ganja, grass, hashish, hemp, Indian hemp, marijuana, pot, reefer, weed. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the atmosphere. Guest author [165][note 6] Thus he placed man and monkeys under the same category, Anthropomorpha, meaning "manlike. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Higher doses can lead to perceptual distortion, forgetfulness and confusion of thought processes. A reduced quality of life is associated with heavy cannabis use, although the relationship is inconsistent and weaker than for tobacco and other substances. Competition occurs when members of the same species, or several different species, compete for shared resources in a given habitat. Guest post policy The most important psychoactive ingredients in cannabis are the tetrahydrocannabinols (THC). Guest posts [129][130] Cannabis may also increase the risk of depression, but insufficient research has been performed to draw a conclusion. Publish your guest post Not all heavy users of cannabis will develop this condition. Cultivation and distribution of marijuana are felonies; possession for personal use is a misdemeanor; possession of “paraphernalia” is also illegal. Become guest writer It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". However, if you or someone else should have sobered up, but are still feeling paranoia or delusional ideas, it is important to get medical help. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. [94] Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). This post was written by Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. [45] However, physical barriers to gene exchange (such as the Himalayan mountain range) might have enabled Cannabis gene pools to diverge before the onset of human intervention, resulting in speciation. When water freezes in plants, the consequences for the plant depend very much on whether the freezing occurs within cells (intracellularly) or outside cells in intercellular spaces. Two men, aged 29 and 38, were arrested on suspicion of the production of class B drugs and remain in custody. Submitting a guest post Laws prohibiting Cannabis in the United States and Canada specifically named products of C. Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. Former miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire. [96] Human cultivation of plants is part of agriculture, which is the basis of human civilization. Contributing writer The main psychoactive ingredient, THC, stimulates the part of your brain that responds to pleasure, like food and sex. CB2Rs are mostly expressed in immune cells, spleen and the gastrointestinal system, and to some extent in the brain and peripheral nervous system [Izzo, 2004; Pertwee, 2006]. [71] The terminal half-life of THC is 25 to 36 hours,[82] whereas for CBD it is 18 to 32 hours. Guest post: Last medically reviewed on July 23, 2020. Writers wanted It is just like a knife; a surgeon can use one kind of knife to make a sick person better, or a healthy person can accidentally harm themselves with a knife. Parasitic plants, on the other hand, use the resources of their host to provide the materials needed for metabolism and growth. The oldest known fossils of embryophytes date from the Ordovician, though such fossils are fragmentary. [4] Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné). Members of the family are erect or climbing plants with petalless flowers and dry, one-seeded fruits. Submit blog post The discovery of its compounds has led to the further discovery of an important neurotransmitter system called the endocannabinoid system. This edition established itself as the starting point for zoological nomenclature, the equivalent of Species Plantarum. 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Articles wanted [38] Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. Guest posting The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. However, even if the court held that smoking marijuana "all day every day" was excessive, it would still have to determine what an "acceptable level" of usage would be as part of Israel's religion since it is clear that a main doctrine of the religion involves smoking marijuana this much was conceded by the Government. When people use cannabis, they may notice the following effects:. [41] Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. Commercial cannabis growers and retailers have given individual strains more than 2,300 names,[54] including:. Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Submit your content insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','//www. In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination. Next, 11-OH-THC is metabolized in the liver into 11-COOH-THC, which is the second metabolic product of THC. Write for us He began writing several books, which would later result in, for example, Genera Plantarum and Critica Botanica. [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. [10] Modern garden varieties of roses such as hybrid teas, floribunda, and grandifora, originated from complex hybrids of several separate wild species native to different regions throughout the world. New England Journal of Medicine: “Adverse Health Effects of Marijuana Use. The spoil heaps of coal mines are the best places to collect; coal itself is the remains of fossilised plants, though structural detail of the plant fossils is rarely visible in coal. This recognition triggers an immune response. [74] In particular, single- and double-strand breaks in DNA can be repaired. Molecular evidence has since shown that the most recent common ancestor (concestor), of the Fungi was probably more similar to that of the Animalia than to that of Plantae or any other kingdom. [44] A follow-up review found that IQ deficit may be a precursor, rather than result, of cannabis use, and that social and environmental factors are a likely influence. Sponsored post: A 2012 report from the Association of Chief Police Officers found that herbal cannabis cultivated in farms, often located in rented properties and commercial units, now makes up around 70 to 80 percent of the commercial supply. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). Any change in the availability of these external conditions will be reflected in the plant's growth and the timing of its development. 730) dietary therapy book Shiliao bencao 食療本草 ("Nutritional Materia Medica") prescribes daily consumption of cannabis in the following case: "those who wish to see demons should take it (with certain other drugs) for up to a hundred days. Writers wanted National Cancer Institute: “Cannabis and Cannabinoids (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version. Want to write an article [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. Guest column Following approval by the Riksdag of Sweden, Växjö University and Kalmar College merged on 1 January 2010 to become Linnaeus University. A purported reason was the appearance of high potency cannabis. Endocannabinoids are removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters. Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. Guest post by While intoxicated, cannabis can affect the short-term memory, concentration, and intellectual or manual dexterity, including driving. Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. Submit post Hemp and cannabis, the botanical name assigned in the mid-eighteenth century, describe the entire cannabis plant for all its uses. Guest blogger Not everyone’s experience with marijuana is pleasant. This journey was postponed, as Linnaeus felt too busy. Sponsored post While some gardens are planted with food crops, many are planted for aesthetic, ornamental, or conservation purposes. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. The genus Cannabis was first classified using the "modern" system of taxonomic nomenclature by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, who devised the system still in use for the naming of species. Further evidence comes from a systematic review of longitudinal and population-based studies which show that cannabis use significantly increases the risk of development of a psychotic illness in a dose-dependent manner [Moore et al. Illness and the kindness of Dutch friends obliged him to stay some months longer in Holland. Delta-9-THC is the primary molecule responsible for the effects of cannabis. Guest column [176] It can be consumed orally or smoked, and is also vaporized, or 'vaped'. Ten days after he was appointed Professor, he undertook an expedition to the island provinces of Öland and Gotland with six students from the university, to look for plants useful in medicine. Guest post: Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. Guest-blogger If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident. [181] Linnaeus tried to debunk some of these creatures, as he had with the hydra; regarding the purported remains of dragons, Linnaeus wrote that they were either derived from lizards or rays. Contributor guidelines It was a moral and spiritual rearmament the likes of which had never been seen before. You could also grow physically dependent on marijuana. Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. [126] Although the epidemiological association is robust, evidence to prove a causal relationship is lacking. Become a contributor By the time he started work on the 12th edition, Linnaeus needed a new invention—the index card—to track classifications. Guest blogger The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction reports that typical retail prices in Europe for cannabis varied from €2 to €20 per gram in 2008, with a majority of European countries reporting prices in the range €4–10. In ancient Germanic paganism, cannabis was possibly associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. 440 BCE) Histories records, "The Scythians, as I said, take some of this hemp-seed [presumably, flowers], and, creeping under the felt coverings, throw it upon the red-hot stones; immediately it smokes, and gives out such a vapour as no Greek vapour-bath can exceed; the Scyths, delighted, shout for joy. Shortly after, a second receptor, CB2R, was discovered [Munro et al.


Cannabis (drug) this post was written by

Guest post opportunities Det Insp Kelly said during these operations they had spotted the new technique to steal electricity. The extent of this impact may be greater in novice users, and paradoxically, those habituated to high-level ingestion may have reduced cognition during withdrawal. indica as separate species, but not C. [261] This is disputed for various reasons, and there is little consensus as to whether this is a fact or an artifact of poor testing methodologies. Guest poster wanted When eaten the effects take longer to start but often last longer too. Guest posting Epidiolex is the first FDA-approved treatment in the U. In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. Submit an article Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, adapted and updated from Russo and Guy [2006]. Submit content Of these individuals, about 9% may develop an addiction. Other compounds include the cannabivarins and cannabichromenes; they are all collectively known as cannabinoids. Cannabis contains chemicals that can have various effects on the human body. [296][297] Contrary to popular belief, cannabis is not legal in the Netherlands[298] but it has been decriminalized since the 1970s. Cannabis is becoming increasingly accepted for its use as medicine. [3] It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. Cannabis is controlled as a class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Parasitic plants, on the other hand, use the resources of their host to provide the materials needed for metabolism and growth. Linnaeus's father began teaching him basic Latin, religion, and geography at an early age. The observations from the expedition were later published in Öländska och Gothländska Resa, written in Swedish. Writers wanted Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. When people use cannabis, they may notice the following effects:. Guest-post [40] Over that winter, Linnaeus began to doubt Tournefort's system of classification and decided to create one of his own. [165][note 6] Thus he placed man and monkeys under the same category, Anthropomorpha, meaning "manlike. Guest author [10][11] Many ornamental species of plant are also in the family Rosaceae, including the rose after which the family and order were named. Contributing writer [96]:45–48 There are approximately 16 landrace strains of cannabis identified from Pakistan, Jamaica, Africa, Mexico, Central America and Asia. Want to contribute to our website He had suffered from a disease called the Uppsala fever in 1764, but survived thanks to the care of Rosén. This post was written by Even more popular than the lectures were the botanical excursions made every Saturday during summer, where Linnaeus and his students explored the flora and fauna in the vicinity of Uppsala. Publish your guest post " However, the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, "harder" substances. What makes someone more susceptible to its negative effects is not yet known, however there are some emerging vulnerability factors, ranging from certain genes to personality characteristics. Want to contribute to our website  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. A tall canelike variety is raised for the production of hemp fibre, while the female plants of a short branchier variety are prized as the more abundant source of the psychoactive substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana. Taking cannabis has the effects it has because it contains some unique drug chemicals called ‘cannabinoids’. Writers wanted Skunk, like most forms of cannabis, is a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. However, hemp can refer to any industrial or foodstuff product that is not intended for use as a drug. Guest posts wanted Indeed, it has been shown that people scoring high in schizotypy who use cannabis are more likely to have psychosis-like experiences at the time of use, together with unpleasant side effects [Barkus et al. Cannabis is a complex plant with over 400 chemical entities of which more than 60 of them are cannabinoid compounds, some of them with opposing effects. Then £53 per monthNew customers onlyCancel anytime during your trial. Guest post: The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. Guest-blogger Of course, when someone gets scared by this effect, it can make the heart beat even harder and lead to a panic attack. When Nils was admitted to the University of Lund, he had to take on a family name. 2011; Fairman and Anthony, 2012]. [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. Guest post guidelines Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that relates to feelings of pleasure. Even though our knowledge on the role of the endocannabinoid system is still evolving, the available evidence indicates that this system has multiple regulatory roles in neuronal, vascular, metabolic, immune and reproductory systems. Less like alcohol, cannabis also can alter the senses in unusual ways, so music, food, films, computer games might seem different, more fascinating, and easier to feel immersed in. Submit guest article Plants in all of these groups continue to thrive, especially in the environments in which they evolved. Write for us Whenever he was upset, he was given a flower, which immediately calmed him. Contribute to our site 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Become a guest blogger Fifteen US states and Washington, D. [41][42] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries. CBD is present in various forms, including:. Want to write for In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. Guest posting rules [177] The term "rosin hash" refers to a high quality solventless product obtained through heat and pressure. Since then, many different types of sex determination systems have been discovered, particularly in plants. At the southern extremes, plants of the Antarctic flora have adapted tenaciously to the prevailing conditions. [68] Medical marijuana was legalized in Mexico in mid-2017; legislators plan to legalize its recreational use by late 2019. Submit blog post Simple plants like algae may have short life spans as individuals, but their populations are commonly seasonal. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. This post was written by Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. Become a contributor The leaves of the mulberry provide food for the silkworms used in commercial silk production. Submit guest article Cannabis is controlled as a class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. The distribution of the endocannabinoid system in the brain is interesting as the very same brain areas are also implicated in psychoses, particularly in schizophrenia. Cannabis is first referred to in Hindu Vedas between 2000 and 1400 BCE, in the Atharvaveda. "[5] Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist. Become a guest blogger He also gave the student free admission to his lectures. Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction. Blog for us The majority of plant species have various kinds of fungi associated with their root systems in a kind of mutualistic symbiosis known as mycorrhiza. Guest posts wanted He tried to teach the students to think for themselves and not trust anybody, not even him. According to Delphic analysis by British researchers in 2007, cannabis has a lower risk factor for dependence compared to both nicotine and alcohol. The majority of plant species have various kinds of fungi associated with their root systems in a kind of mutualistic symbiosis known as mycorrhiza. In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[180][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa. It is important to note that the federal government still considers cannabis an illegal drug and the distribution and sale of marijuana is a serious crime. Ancient language names for cannabis originating before the 5th century (400 CE) include:. During a visit with his parents, Linnaeus told them about his plan to travel to Lapland; Rudbeck had made the journey in 1695, but the detailed results of his exploration were lost in a fire seven years afterwards. Want to contribute to our website , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. Guest post- Is cannabis an answer to entering the land of sleep? From strains to timing, here’s what you need to know about cannabis as a nightcap. [230] The California Supreme Court decided in May 2013 that local governments can ban medical marijuana dispensaries despite a state law in California that permits the use of cannabis for medical purposes. Guest posts wanted It also is a useful source of foodstuffs (hemp milk, hemp seed, hemp oil) and biofuels. Contributing writer [58] A second systematic review focused on neuroimaging studies found little evidence supporting an effect of cannabis use on brain structure and function. In April 1732, Linnaeus was awarded a grant from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala for his journey. [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. Guest post courtesy of [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. Become guest writer United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2004), World Drug Report 2004, Vol. Yes, any time you mix drugs together you take on new risks. Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. Using a case-only design of 493 people with schizophrenia, Zammit and colleagues re-examined this association but their findings did not support the different effects of cannabis use on schizophrenia according to variation in COMT [Zammit et al. Submit guest article ruderalis), which is commonly described as "auto-flowering" and may be day-neutral. Guest post guidelines [65] An increase in apoC-III levels induces the development of hypertriglyceridemia. [6] The genus is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Central Asia, with some researchers also including upper South Asia in its origin. CB1R expression in the striatum and their role in differential signalling between different developmental stages and sensorimotor and associative/limbic circuits have also been demonstrated in a recent study [van Waes et al. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Guest posts wanted A 2012 report from the Association of Chief Police Officers found that herbal cannabis cultivated in farms, often located in rented properties and commercial units, now makes up around 70 to 80 percent of the commercial supply. If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident. These designations often depend on climate and other environmental factors. [4] Cannabinoid medicines are available in pill form (dronabinol and nabilone) and liquid extracts formulated into an oromucosal spray (nabiximols). Robert Clarke and Mark Merlin, the authors of Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany, suggest that:. Write for us [129] Like the Rastafari, some modern Gnostic Christian sects have asserted that Cannabis is the Tree of Life. Using gas chromatography, the limit of detection of THC in blood is 0. Guest posting guidelines [290] Reviews in 2019 found that research was insufficient to determine the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat schizophrenia, psychosis, or other mental disorders. Cannabis resin is a compressed solid made from the resinous parts of the plant, and cannabis (hash) oil is a solvent extract of cannabis. When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. Regardless of what you call it, cannabis has a range of short- and long-term effects, which can be both beneficial and harmful. The effects of cannabis can vary a lot from person to person. 5 billion by commercialisation of the first drug produced by OCT, currently anticipated to be in 2027. Articles wanted Plants may cause harm to animals, including people. Cell division is also characterized by the development of a phragmoplast for the construction of a cell plate in the late stages of cytokinesis. This usage generally requires a prescription, and distribution is usually done within a framework defined by local laws. indica into subspecies or varieties. Plants grown as industrial crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the environment. The doctor offered to have Linnaeus live with his family in Växjö and to teach him physiology and botany.


Cannabis industry contributing writer

[256] In 2001, Nevada reduced marijuana possession to a misdemeanor and since 2012, several other states have decriminalized and even legalized marijuana. 4 mg of THC and 30 mg of CBD; mild to moderate dizziness is common during the first few weeks. In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a medication that derives from cannabis, to treat two rare and severe types of epilepsy that do not respond well to other treatments. Contributor guidelines Due to its potency, however, some consumers use only a small quantity of kief in order to limit its effects. A 2013 literature review found that exposure to marijuana had biologically-based physical, mental, behavioral and social health consequences and was "associated with diseases of the liver (particularly with co-existing hepatitis C), lungs, heart, and vasculature". He returned from his six-month-long, over 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) expedition in October, having gathered and observed many plants, birds and rocks. Guest posting The most researched compounds of the plant are d-9-THC and CBD and therefore we will mainly focus on these two compounds and their differences. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. Contributing writer Humberside police releases Not In Our Community report on tackling child exploitation. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. "[88] Emperor Shen-Nung, who was also a pharmacologist, wrote a book on treatment methods in 2737 BCE that included the medical benefits of cannabis. Guest article Of course, when someone gets scared by this effect, it can make the heart beat even harder and lead to a panic attack. [156] The American Cancer Society[157] and American Psychological Association[158] have noted the obstacles that exist for conducting research on cannabis, and have called on the federal government to better enable scientific study of the drug. A doctor can be a good person to ask for advice. [147] However, a 2013 study conducted by researchers at the University of Utah School of Medicine refute the possibility of self-administered zinc producing false-negative urine drug tests. Some people choose to use cannabis frequently but fit it around their life and can take a break from it easily, but others can’t go without it and find that it has become a real problem in their life. [68] Medical marijuana was legalized in Mexico in mid-2017; legislators plan to legalize its recreational use by late 2019. According to DSM-V criteria, 9% of those who are exposed to cannabis develop cannabis use disorder, compared to 20% for cocaine, 23% for alcohol and 68% for nicotine. Cannabis is a drug that comes from a plant, or a plant which is used as a drug. [130][131] Other organized religions founded in the 20th century that treat Cannabis as a sacrament are the THC Ministry,[132] Cantheism,[133] the Cannabis Assembly[134] and the Church of Cognizance. Want to write a post The fully systematic name for this THC isomer is (−)-(6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl- 6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. This has resulted in many reclassifications based on evolutionary systematics. [290] Reviews in 2019 found that research was insufficient to determine the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat schizophrenia, psychosis, or other mental disorders. Due to the poor bioavailability of oral preparations, alternative routes of administration have been studied, including sublingual and rectal. Imported herbal cannabis occurs as compressed blocks of dried brown vegetable matter comprising the flowering tops, leaves, stalks and seeds of Cannabis sativa. CHS is considered a paradoxical effect, because use of cannabinoids typically decrease nausea and vomiting. Not everyone’s experience with marijuana is pleasant. Guest post Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and tropical rainforest. Cannabis can be smoked, eaten and vaped – and is the UK’s most widely-used illegal drug. Writers wanted A reduced quality of life is associated with heavy cannabis use, although the relationship is inconsistent and weaker than for tobacco and other substances. The earliest fossils clearly assignable to Kingdom Plantae are fossil green algae from the Cambrian. Conrad coined the term Kantheism, which later became Cantheism (alternately spelled Cannatheism), in 1996, believing then that the fight for legalization was further along—and also wondering if he could establish a sacramental cannabis practice to bolster the defense of those on trial for marijuana offenses. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. Contribute to this site These effects get considerably better after the first three days. The son also always spelled it with the æ ligature, both in handwritten documents and in publications. Within these two subspecies, Small and Cronquist described C. Michele Baggio, University of Connecticut; Alberto Chong, Georgia State University: “Recreational Marijuana Laws and Junk Food Consumption: Evidence Using Border Analysis and Retail Sales Data. [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. [54] Aside from a subjective change in perception and mood, the most common short-term physical and neurological effects include increased heart rate, increased appetite and consumption of food, lowered blood pressure, impairment of short-term and working memory,[55][56] psychomotor coordination, and concentration. [3] It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. Enormous gourd pipes were used. Want to contribute to our website Here, learn about its symptoms, treatments, causes, and more. Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. Guest posts wanted Two related substances, Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol-2-oic acid and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-4-oic acid (THCA), are also present in cannabis, sometimes in large amounts. Guest posting rules In one of the mounds, a leather pouch containing hemp seeds, and scattered hemp, coriander, and melilotus seeds were also recovered. Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. Guest posting rules Will a dodgy past get in his way? iPlayerWill a dodgy past get in his way?. [57] Blood may contain both substances, with the relative amounts dependent on the recency and extent of usage. Guest posting [256] In 2001, Nevada reduced marijuana possession to a misdemeanor and since 2012, several other states have decriminalized and even legalized marijuana. The Devonian period also saw the evolution of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. Guest post: However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Linnaeus stayed with Clifford at Hartekamp until 18 October 1737 (new style), when he left the house to return to Sweden. Contribute to this site They undergo closed mitosis without centrioles, and typically have mitochondria with flat cristae. This article looks at the past and present types and diagnoses of…. Want to write a post They appear to have had a common origin with Viridiplantae and the three groups form the clade Archaeplastida, whose name implies that their chloroplasts were derived from a single ancient endosymbiotic event. Our results suggest that the effects of CBD on activation in limbic and paralimbic regions may contribute to its ability to reduce autonomic arousal and subjective anxiety, whereas the anxiogenic effects of d-9-THC may be related to effects in other brain regions. Robert Clarke and Mark Merlin, the authors of Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany, suggest that:. People in the process of developing schizophrenia often turn to cannabis, (rather than the cannabis causing the illness) possibly because it feels like it helps them in dealing with some of the symptoms. "We would strongly encourage anyone with any information or concerns about individuals or criminal groups illegally extracting electricity or interfering with the power network to contact Crimestoppers anonymously. Medical cannabis (or medical marijuana) refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, in an effort to treat disease or improve symptoms. Want to write an article Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. [106] Research in these events is complicated because cannabis is often used in conjunction with tobacco, and drugs such as alcohol and cocaine. Guest posting guidelines Cannabis resin is a compressed solid made from the resinous parts of the plant, and cannabis (hash) oil is a solvent extract of cannabis. Want to write a post They are then rapidly removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters, often referred to as anandamide membrane transporters, which facilitate their breakdown by internalizing the molecule and allowing access to fatty acid amide hydrolase [Pertwee, 2010]. Guest-blogger [97] Plant agriculture is subdivided into agronomy, horticulture and forestry. [208] Canada criminalized cannabis in The Opium and Narcotic Drug Act, 1923,[209] before any reports of the use of the drug in Canada, but eventually legalized its consumption for recreational and medicinal purposes in 2018. [263] Prices and overall markets have also varied considerably over time. "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. Guest post policy Cannabis use disorder in the DSM-V involves a combination of DSM-IV criteria for cannabis abuse and dependence, plus the addition of craving, without the criterion related to legal troubles. Contribute to this site After 24 hours to a few days, minuscule psychoactive effects may be felt, depending on dosage, frequency and tolerance to the drug. Writers wanted In genetics, the breeding of pea plants allowed Gregor Mendel to derive the basic laws governing inheritance,[117] and examination of chromosomes in maize allowed Barbara McClintock to demonstrate their connection to inherited traits. Want to write for Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. [7] The most studied are THC, CBD and CBN. He taught Miller about his new system of subdividing plants, as described in Systema Naturae. Contribute to this site If you have chosen ‘yes’ to cannabis use, that firmly closes the door on avoiding risk entirely, but opens up a range of new choices you can make to push those risks down; the hows, whats, whens and whys. Submit your content Any change in the availability of these external conditions will be reflected in the plant's growth and the timing of its development. Schizophrenia is a complex mental health condition linked to psychosis. Want to contribute to our website When Gronovius saw it, he was very impressed, and offered to help pay for the printing. [74] According to Schultes' and Anderson's descriptions, C. Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. Streptophyte algae are either unicellular or form multicellular filaments, branched or unbranched. Guest posts For the majority of plants to grow successfully they also require oxygen in the atmosphere and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. 8% of the population aged 15–64). Submit an article If you are worried about your use, you can call FRANK on 0300 1236600 for friendly, confidential advice. [96]:45–48 There are approximately 16 landrace strains of cannabis identified from Pakistan, Jamaica, Africa, Mexico, Central America and Asia. Guest posting rules It also is a useful source of foodstuffs (hemp milk, hemp seed, hemp oil) and biofuels. Guest author Most of us are very unlikely to ever get psychosis, but this depends on a combination of our genes and the life we live. Flora Suecica was a strictly botanical book, while Fauna Suecica was zoological. All participants were administered 10 mg of d-9-THC, 600 mg of CBD and placebo (flour) in three different functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions while performing a response inhibition task, a verbal memory task, an emotional task (viewing fearful faces) and an auditory and visual sensory processing task. Childhood Epilepsy Case Study: Gino Londra. United Nations reschedules cannabis –  On 2nd December 2020, the 53 members states of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs voted (27 in favour, 25 against, and one abstention) to remove cannabis from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. It is also called ganja, one of the oldest and most commonly used synonyms for marijuana[17][30][38] Common English names for cannabis or marijuana include:. In the middle Sahara region, the Senusi sect also cultivated hemp on a large scale for use in religious ceremonies. European Journal of Pain: “Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis. as a wild or escaped variety of the high-intoxicant type. Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. It’s why most people try pot. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. Linnaeus's last years were troubled by illness. Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. Publish your guest post However, the CBD content was found to be extremely low in more recent times. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Submit a guest post National Cancer Institute: “Cannabis and Cannabinoids (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version. However, this can go up to a month for regular users. Want to write for Since ancient humans used hemp seed as food, it was quite natural for them to also discover the medicinal properties of the plant. Become an author The American Medical Association[153] and American College of Physicians[154] do not take a position on the legalization of medical cannabis, but have called for the Schedule I classification to be reviewed. The mass spectrum of THC shows major ions at m/z = 299, 231, 314, 43, 41, 295, 55 and 271. Linnaeus and Sohlberg were forced to flee from Hamburg. Cannabis oil is a dark viscous liquid. Blog for us marijuana legislation and regulation" and to "reflect the existing science behind cannabis". Tiny samples of Cannabis plants also can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment. Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Street terms for cannabis/cannabis resin include bhang, charas, pot, dope, ganja, hemp, weed, blow, grass and many others. The physical effects of inhaling and smoking cannabis can impact on the respiratory system, leading to oral, throat, and lung cancer. Want to write for Lack of regulation means you can’t always know exactly what you’re buying. In October that same year, his wife and nine-month-old son followed him to live in Uppsala. Guest post opportunities Keep in mind that while cannabis comes from a plant and is considered natural, it can still have strong effects, both positive and negative. Guest posting rules Yogis or sadhus along with other Hindu mystics have been known to smoke a mixture of cannabis sativa and tobacco in order to enhance meditation. More than 1 in 10 drinkers say they have used marijuana in the past year. If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident.


Become an FT subscriber to read: Start-up focused on painkilling effects of cannabis to list in London guest author

Blog for us Impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and harms (June 2020). These effects are often minimal in products containing very high levels of CBD, compared with THC. Submitting a guest post In the US, the FDA has approved two oral cannabinoids for use as medicine: dronabinol and nabilone. The rate goes up to one in six among those who begin use as adolescents, and one-quarter to one-half of those who use it daily according to a NIDA review. Submit blog post Plants in the order Rosales were used in the traditional medicines of many cultures. Whittaker's original reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. Guest-blogger Schultes and coworkers also conducted taxonomic studies of Cannabis in the 1970s, and concluded that stable morphological differences exist that support recognition of at least three species, C. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Another way of looking at the relationships between the different groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their evolutionary relationships. Guest post courtesy of Scientists conducting this kind of research, which is one of the things we do at Drug Science, argue that this is a reasonable and high-quality way of understanding how well a drug is doing. Hop (Humulus lupulus) has been the predominant bittering agent of beer for hundreds of years. Writers wanted The average THC level in coffee shops in the Netherlands is about 18–19%. [47] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis edibles. In 1969, Robert Whittaker proposed the creation of the kingdom Fungi. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. Seventeen months later, Sara gave birth to their first son, Carl. Two years later, a daughter, Elisabeth Christina, was born, and the subsequent year Sara gave birth to Sara Magdalena, who died when 15 days old. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. [87][88] However, maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy does not appear to be associated with low birth weight or early delivery after controlling for tobacco use and other confounding factors. This is a guest post by Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. "[5] Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist. Guest column The endocannabinoid system responds to the body’s own endocannabinoids; these are cannabinoid chemicals made in our brains. The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. Are you starting to get the picture, not yet, ok, fire one up and be brought into remembrance of our ancient glory. This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. Bryophytes first appeared during the early Paleozoic. Writers wanted Rules surrounding the use of medical cannabis (medical marijuana) vary by state. Someone with psychosis may experience paranoia (e. A fire that destroyed about one third of Uppsala and had threatened his residence there necessitated the move. [72] It contains the first use of the name Nepenthes, which Linnaeus used to describe a genus of pitcher plants. Guest-blogger This avoids any risk to the lungs, but a possible downside is that the effects can take a long time to come on and can take longer for some people than others, making it much harder to judge how much to take. Guest post- [56] One widely applied criterion for species recognition is that species are "groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups. Guest article There is insufficient data to draw strong conclusions about the safety of medical cannabis. Other effects can include impaired short-term memory; impaired motor coordination; altered judgment; and paranoia or psychosis at high doses. Cannabis oil (hash oil) is often produced locally from cannabis or cannabis resin by means of solvent extraction. [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. Submit guest article "[57] Populations that are physiologically capable of interbreeding, but morphologically or genetically divergent and isolated by geography or ecology, are sometimes considered to be separate species. Guest post by It was also during this expedition that Linnaeus had a flash of insight regarding the classification of mammals. [91] The ancient Egyptians used hemp (cannabis) in suppositories for relieving the pain of hemorrhoids. Sponsored post: As the majority of the studies have had psychotic illness as an outcome, in this section we will mainly be focusing on this diagnostic category. Other risks of regularly using cannabis can include:. Sponsored post by , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. Tuesday morning's raid followed "weeks of work by the Doncaster West Neighbourhood Policing Team", the force said. In fact, CBD on its own has been tried out as a treatment for psychosis, and results are promising. [42] A PCR-based method for the detection of female-associated DNA polymorphisms by genotyping has been developed. Submit content Alfie's a bigger kid than his students! iPlayerAlfie's a bigger kid than his students!. If you mix cannabis with tobacco you’ll be taking on the same risks you get from smoking tobacco. This post was written by Barriers to accessing cannabis-based products for medicinal use on NHS prescription Findings and Recommendations, 2019, (PDF) This review was aimed at addressing the following question: Where they exist, what are the barriers to patients accessing cannabis-based products for medicinal use within the NHS where they are clinically appropriate for the patient, and how might these barriers be overcome? | NHS England and NHS Improvement, UK. Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. C in Septuagint, the oldest Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, and also appears in following translations such as Martin Luther's. There is early hope that cannabis may have an important place in the toolkit doctors have to fight cancer, in short, it may become a useful chemotherapy, but it is not a replacement for current chemotherapy. Guest post Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". Cantheism is a word that signifies any and all attitudes towards the cannabis plant as a religious experience. Ten weeks later, Artedi drowned in the canals of Amsterdam, leaving behind an unfinished manuscript on the classification of fish. Submit post ruderalis may be included within C. A megasporangium enclosed in a protective layer called an integument is known as an ovule. The mass spectrum of THC shows major ions at m/z = 299, 231, 314, 43, 41, 295, 55 and 271. People who are addicted to cannabis don’t get seriously ill without it, but might find it just as hard to quit the drug or regain control over their use. There is some evidence that women who smoke cannabis during the time of conception or while pregnant may increase the risk of their child being born with birth defects. CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. To avoid this, don’t use tobacco in bongs and spliffs. To avoid this, don’t use tobacco in bongs and spliffs. Want to write a post Linnaeus classified humans among the primates beginning with the first edition of Systema Naturae. [152] However, the AAP also supports rescheduling for the purpose of facilitating research. About three hundred plant species do not photosynthesize but are parasites on other species of photosynthetic plants. Guest column In the US, men are over twice as likely to use marijuana as women, and 18–29-year-olds are six times more likely to use as over-65-year-olds. The distress this causes is made worse when people put their hope in stories, which often spread online, that cannabis is a miracle cure for cancer and almost everything else. (1) Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the major psychoactive principle of cannabis, showing the partial ring numbering system in the more common dibenzofuran system. Guest author Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. This resulted in a physical separation between the two collections; the museum collection remained in the botanical garden of the university. There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. A recent alternative view, supported by genetic evidence, is that they evolved from terrestrial single-celled algae,[43] and that even the common ancestor of red and green algae, and the unicellular freshwater algae glaucophytes, originated in a terrestrial environment in freshwater biofilms or microbial mats. While it is not necessary to use cannabis to be a Rastafari, many use it regularly as a part of their faith, and pipes of cannabis are dedicated to His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I before being smoked. Guest post by Cultic use ranged from Romania to the Yenisei River and had begun by 3rd millennium BC Smoking hemp has been found at Pazyryk. Write for us His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. The relation between the museum and the private collection was not formalised and the steady flow of material from Linnean pupils were incorporated to the private collection rather than to the museum. There may also be contaminants. Submit an article [87] In 1769 he was elected to the American Philosophical Society for his work. Maker of Lucky Strike cigarettes moves beyond nicotine in effort to attract consumers. Guest column [16] Carl's patronymic would have been Nilsson, as in Carl Nilsson Linnæus. Sponsored post by Someone with psychosis may experience paranoia (e. One study suggests that the type of edible affects the time it takes to feel the effect, with hard candies kicking in quicker. Guest post policy It might be as high as 1 in 2 among those who use it every day. [240] The Canadian Licensed Producer system aims to become the Gold Standard in the world for safe and secure cannabis production,[241] including provisions for a robust craft cannabis industry where many expect opportunities for experimenting with different strains. They see the use of cannabis as bringing them closer to God (Jah), allowing the user to penetrate the truth of things more clearly. His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. ruderalis may be included within C. Submit guest article [109] Other countries have more restrictive laws that allow only the use of isolated cannabinoid drugs such as Sativex or Epidiolex. Guest posts wanted Linnaeus did not like him, writing in his autobiography that Telander "was better calculated to extinguish a child's talents than develop them". Publish your guest post The manuscript described a new system for classifying plants. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. Want to write a post The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. India marks 300,000 Covid deaths as pandemic rages8. [164] During his time at Hartekamp, he had the opportunity to examine several monkeys and noted similarities between them and man. There are different ways of using cannabis, and the method can determine the effects of the drug. Become an author This article looks at the past and present types and diagnoses of…. Raw leaf is not psychoactive because cannabinoids are in the form of carboxylic acids. thinking people are plotting against you) delusions (e. CDC: “Marijuana and Public Health. Cystoliths are always present and some members of this family possess laticifers. [41] Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis).


Become an FT subscriber to read: Start-up focused on painkilling effects of cannabis to list in London contribute to this site

Accepting guest posts We started with the idea of Universal Birthright, it is a ganja thing, an acknowledgment that everyone has a righteous claim to a share of the blessing, that the Earth and Life itself was an interdependent, shared inheritance. Want to write for They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. Guest posts wanted Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. The Linnaean system classified nature within a nested hierarchy, starting with three kingdoms. Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. Want to write for A February 2019 review found that cannabis use during adolescence was associated with an increased risk of developing depression and suicidal behavior later in life, while finding no effect on anxiety. CB1 and CB2 are the primary cannabinoid receptors responsible for several of the effects of cannabinoids, although other receptors may play a role as well. The green plants or Viridiplantae were traditionally divided into the green algae (including the stoneworts) and the land plants. Start-up secures first permit in more than 20 years for commercial cannabis cultivation. Guest posts Dioecious varieties are also preferred for textile fiber production, whereas monoecious varieties are preferred for pulp and paper production. The xylem moves water and minerals from the root to the rest of the plant, and the phloem provides the roots with sugars and other nutrient produced by the leaves. The Swedish King Adolf Frederick granted Linnaeus nobility in 1757, but he was not ennobled until 1761. Becoming a donor will help ensure we can continue our work. This court has no evidentiary basis with which to make such a determination and any guesswork on the court's part would result in an administrative quagmire for the Probation Office. Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. This study estimated the total harm done by cannabis in 2010 in the UK. At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. [144] Commercial cannabinoid immunoassays, often employed as the initial screening method when testing physiological specimens for marijuana presence, have different degrees of cross-reactivity with THC and its metabolites. Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Do not use cannabis if you are breast-feeding a baby. Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. Want to contribute to our website Cannabis seeds may have been used for food, rituals or religious practices in ancient Europe and China. Sponsored post: But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. Submit post The authors suggest that the likely mechanism could be cannabinoid-regulated AKT1/glycogen synthase kinase 3 signalling downstream of the dopamine D2 receptor. Become an author Here we have provided an overview of the available information on the risk factors which may make an individual more at risk, such as predisposition to psychosis, schizotypal personality and certain susceptibility genes. Herbal/grass/weed/marijuana – This is the most common way to find cannabis. Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. Based on studies of sex reversal in hemp, it was first reported by K. Guest post- In Africa, there were a number of cults and sects of hemp worship. The cannabis was presumably employed by this culture as a medicinal or psychoactive agent, or an aid to divination. How do I talk to my 12-year-old about race? VideoHow do I talk to my 12-year-old about race?. Submit a guest post Clinical trials are under way to test cannabis-based drugs for other conditions including cancer pain, the eye disease glaucoma, appetite loss in people with HIV or AIDS, and epilepsy in children. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. If you roll your spliffs with tobacco, you’re also at risk of getting addicted (or staying addicted) to nicotine. Typically, bhang is the most commonly used form of cannabis in religious festivals. Perhaps the most famous and successful apostle was Carl Peter Thunberg, who embarked on a nine-year expedition in 1770. Guest post Celtis is by far the largest genus, containing about 100 species. In 1783 Carl died and Sara inherited the collection, having outlived both her husband and son. Project Twenty21 - March Update. In Article 1, Paragraph 1, of that Convention, cannabis is defined as: ‘The flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted, by whatever name they may be designated. Is CBD legal? Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved smoked cannabis for any condition or disease, as it deems that evidence is lacking concerning safety and efficacy. Guest posting States that allow medical marijuana include:. They see the use of cannabis as bringing them closer to God (Jah), allowing the user to penetrate the truth of things more clearly. Pictures showed a large room full of plants - reportedly more than 2,000 or so - and police used an electric saw to break into the disused building. [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. Guest blogger guidelines [114] The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Become guest writer Evolutionary innovation continued in the Carboniferous and later geological periods and is ongoing today. Guest post guidelines Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Guest-blogger [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived. This is also the maximum sentence for production and cultivation. Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. [43] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10-20% rate of dependence. Guest post- ”; Mayo Clinic: “Medical marijuana,” “Is medical marijuana legal?”; American Lung Association: “Marijuana and Lung Health. Become an author Thanks to Ethan Russo and Geoffrey W. When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. This is a guest post by Some critics[who?] claim that Linnæus was one of the forebears of the modern pseudoscientific notion of scientific racism, while others[who?] hold the view that while his classification was stereotyped, it did not imply that certain human "races" were superior to others. Because of the involvement of these systems they affect functions such as cognition, memory, motor movements and pain perception [Howlett et al. Cannabis preparations are frequently used at Sufi festivals in those countries. Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. Sponsored post: However, CBD was efficient in blocking most of the effects of d-9-THC when both drugs were given together. Write for us Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. Submit blog post [31][32] He was registered as Carolus Linnæus, the Latin form of his full name, which he also used later for his Latin publications. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 3 May 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 May 2021), ASHP (updated 3 May 2021) and others. Guest-post Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. Guest post Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. The cannabis plant has two main subspecies, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, and they can be differentiated by their different physical characteristics. Approximately 65% of THC is excreted in feces and 25% in the urine, while the remaining 10% is excreted by other means. Write for us 8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (uncertainty estimates 128. On July 8, 2010, Christie and 13 other individuals allegedly associated with the THC Ministry were indicted by a Federal grand jury in Honolulu on Marijuana Possession and Trafficking charges. Cannabis comes in many different forms. Guest posts [94][98] After he returned from the journey, the Government decided Linnaeus should take on another expedition to the southernmost province Scania. Guest posters wanted The hypothesis has been hotly debated as it is regarded by some as the primary rationale for the United States prohibition on cannabis use. Table 1 summarizes the varying effects of these two compounds. The von Linné name ended with his son Carl, who never married. Accepting guest posts Before that, ancestors had used the patronymic naming system of Scandinavian countries: his father was named Ingemarsson after his father Ingemar Bengtsson. Guest posting guidelines Tags: cannabis prevalence price production. The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). Guest posting rules This was something many could not accept. Plants in the order Rosales were used in the traditional medicines of many cultures. Blog for us This means it is illegal to cultivate, produce, supply or possess the drug, except in accordance with a Home Office licence issued for research or other special purposes. Intensive indoor cultivation has become widespread in Europe and elsewhere. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. [5] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations. Mary Queen of Scots beads stolen in castle raid3. Guest blogger 2200–1700 BCE in the Bactria and Margiana contained elaborate ritual structures with rooms containing everything needed for making drinks containing extracts from poppy (opium), hemp (cannabis), and ephedra (which contains ephedrine). Skunk, like most forms of cannabis, is a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. These are loose categories used to indicate the effects of different cannabis products. The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. Here we have provided an overview of the available information on the risk factors which may make an individual more at risk, such as predisposition to psychosis, schizotypal personality and certain susceptibility genes. Submit guest article Soon, he changed place with the other Professor of Medicine, Nils Rosén, and thus was responsible for the Botanical Garden (which he would thoroughly reconstruct and expand), botany and natural history, instead. Guest posting That summer Linnaeus reunited with Peter Artedi, a friend from Uppsala with whom he had once made a pact that should either of the two predecease the other, the survivor would finish the decedent's work. Cannabis has been cultivated in China since Neolithic times, for instance, hemp cords were used to create the characteristic line designs on Yangshao culture pottery). Guest poster wanted In a number of countries, it was used to treat tetanus, hydrophobia, delirium tremens, infantile convulsions, neuralgia and other nervous disorders, cholera, menorrhagia, rheumatism, hay fever, asthma, skin diseases, and protracted labor during childbirth. This post was written by Effects of cannabis (marijuana) include:. Apart from schizotypal personality, the vulnerability factors to the psychotogenic effects of cannabis require replication. Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. Guest posts wanted It is an officially registered religion in many countries on different continents. Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. Guest posting rules They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past. [133] There are over two hundred descendants of Linnaeus through two of his daughters. Want to contribute to our website [91] Water is also important for photosynthesis, and plants have different root systems to maximize water uptake from soil.


Cannabaceae accepting guest posts

Both sides are right and wrong. Sponsored post This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[48] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[49] including nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycyclic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Guest posting guidelines Some people use CBD to treat pain, seizures, and other health problems. [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. Kief collected from a grinder with a screen. state to legalize medical cannabis in defiance of federal law. Medical cannabis research includes any medical research on using cannabis as a treatment for any medical condition. Cannabis oil – Rarely seen, cannabis oil is a sticky, thick yellowy/brown liquid. However, a government report published in July 2019 reveals that parent’s expectations of the availability of therapeutic cannabis are being unfairly raised and that more research needs to be done to determine which patients could benefit – See: Drugs policy: medicinal cannabis, 2019 . This vocation was very common down to the Han dynasty. Become guest writer Impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and harms (June 2020). But experts still aren’t sure how strong this link is. , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. Guest post opportunities [107] Smoking cannabis has also been shown to increase the risk of myocardial infarction by 4. [24] Cannabis was used in Africa to restore appetite and relieve pain of hemorrhoids. "[152] The three main forms of cannabis products are the flower/fruit, resin (hashish), and oil (hash oil). [136] The British botanist William T. Guest posting guidelines The danger is even bigger if you’re older or if you already have heart problems. Because of the involvement of these systems they affect functions such as cognition, memory, motor movements and pain perception [Howlett et al. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. [20] When Linnaeus was seven, Nils decided to hire a tutor for him. Cannabis contains active ingredients called cannabinoids. [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. They’re different names for the same drug that comes from the cannabis plant. Guest post policy Lower levels of evidence support its use for AIDS wasting syndrome, epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, and glaucoma. Become a contributor Heterosomes were not observed in analyzed individuals of monoecious "Kentucky" hemp, nor in an unidentified German cultivar. In fact the different and opposing effects of the main two compounds of the plant were noticed in some early studies. Guest-post case-header{background-color:#40E0D0}. It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. Guest contributor guidelines "[19] The Chinese archaeologist Hongen Jiang and his colleagues excavated a circa 2,400-2,800 BP tomb in northwest China's Turpan Basin and found the remains of an approximately 35-year-old man with Caucasian features who had been buried with thirteen 1-meter cannabis plants, placed diagonally across his chest. People trying to quit cannabis also support each other online. Although global abnormalities in white matter and grey matter are not associated with heavy cannabis use, reduced hippocampal volume is consistently found. There are also art forms specializing in the arrangement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. Guest posting Laws prohibiting Cannabis in the United States and Canada specifically named products of C. This post was written by This has resulted in many reclassifications based on evolutionary systematics. Light is an important resource because it is necessary for photosynthesis. Such specimens may be cut and polished using lapidary equipment. In the mosses and hornworts a cuticle is usually only produced on the sporophyte. The fruit can be an achene or a drupe. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main structural component of the plant. A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Submit an article Although cannabis is still illegal it seems that many people are finding a benefit from it. Contributing writer territories, and the District of Columbia. Each frame surrounded a bronze vessel filled with the remains of hemp seeds and stones, and were presumably left smoking in the grave. Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. Robert Clarke and Mark Merlin, the authors of Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany, suggest that:. Cannabis sativa cultivars are used for fibers due to their long stems; Sativa varieties may grow more than six metres tall. What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. indica is shorter, conical in shape, and has relatively wide leaflets, and C. [4] It is mentioned in the original Hebrew Old Testament and in its Aramaic translations as both incense and as intoxicant. Guest-blogger Knowing what to do can help people regain control. It can also be both the drug use and the problems that are caused by something else entirely. [38] Psychotic episodes are well-documented and typically resolve within minutes or hours. Therefore, better political choices could make cannabis safer overall. Contribute to this site Even though the chemical structures of all four compounds are similar, their pharmacological effects can be very different. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. Toronto lockdown: A year without indoor dining. [129][130] Cannabis may also increase the risk of depression, but insufficient research has been performed to draw a conclusion. Regular cannabis use increases the risk of developing a psychotic illness, such as schizophrenia. Like with joints, using tobacco in bongs increases the risk of nicotine dependence. Writers wanted Biotic factors also affect plant growth. The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. The oldest texts of Traditional Chinese Medicine listed herbal uses for cannabis and noted some psychodynamic effects. [23] He reached the last year of the Lower School when he was fifteen, which was taught by the headmaster, Daniel Lannerus, who was interested in botany. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Smoking cannabis on its own (in a pipe or bong for example, or rolled in a tobacco-free cigarette) is much less harmful. Itinerant Hindu saints have used it in the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Become a guest blogger When smoked, it normally takes a minute or two to feel stoned. His work at Hartekamp led to another book, Hortus Cliffortianus, a catalogue of the botanical holdings in the herbarium and botanical garden of Hartekamp. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2004), World Drug Report 2004, Vol. All participants were administered 10 mg of d-9-THC, 600 mg of CBD and placebo (flour) in three different functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions while performing a response inhibition task, a verbal memory task, an emotional task (viewing fearful faces) and an auditory and visual sensory processing task. Contribute to our site [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. An advertisement for cannabis americana distributed by a pharmacist in New York in 1917. While they inhabit a multitude of biomes and ecoregions, few can be found beyond the tundras at the northernmost regions of continental shelves. Accepting guest posts The Celts may have also used cannabis, as evidence of hashish traces were found in Hallstatt, birthplace of Celtic culture. Guest posting rules Harm Reduction Journal: “Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic. Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about our products and services. There are many types of bongs, and not everyone uses tobacco. Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. Blog for us [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. The Bashilenge called themselves Bena Riamba, "the sons of hemp", and their land Lubuku, meaning friendship. Some users may experience an episode of acute psychosis, which usually abates after six hours, but in rare instances, heavy users may find the symptoms continuing for many days. Cannabis is used by necromancers, in combination with ginseng to set forward time in order to reveal future events. Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. Blog for us LONDON — Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, which enjoys backing from rapper Snoop Dogg and tobacco giant Imperial Brands, launched Friday on the London Stock Exchange. Guest posting rules It can be addictive, and it may be harmful to some people’s health. These findings suggest that current trends for preferring higher THC content variants carry significant health risks, particularly to those who are susceptible to its harmful effects. Submit your content Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. #8 - Medical Cannabis, Mum and Me. Cannabis has been used by shamanic and pagan cultures to ponder deeply religious and philosophical subjects related to their tribe or society, to achieve a form of enlightenment, to unravel unknown facts and realms of the human mind and subconscious, and also as an aphrodisiac during rituals or orgies. Some argue that it’s a more accurate name. Many animals pollinate flowers in exchange for food in the form of pollen or nectar. Most recently it has been shown that CB2Rs form heteromers with CB1Rs in the brain and the agonist coactivation of CB1Rs and CB2Rs results in negative crosstalk in AKT1 phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth [Callén et al. DrugWise Daily (AKA DS Daily) is a free drug and alcohol news service delivering the news, reports and blog posts into your inbox. Guest author Smoking or vaping cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine which is the addictive drug in tobacco. Guest posting guidelines Linnaeus's applied science was inspired not only by the instrumental utilitarianism general to the early Enlightenment, but also by his adherence to the older economic doctrine of Cameralism. Structural resources and fibres from plants are used to construct dwellings and to manufacture clothing. Some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC (a cannabinoid), the strength of which is enhanced by curing the fruits. Ingesting: If a person consumes products containing cannabis by mouth, they will usually feel the effects within 1 hour, and the sensations will peak after 2. Guest article What makes someone more susceptible to its negative effects is not yet known, however there are some emerging vulnerability factors, ranging from certain genes to personality characteristics. Looking for guest posts [38] Compared to non-smokers, people who smoked cannabis regularly in adolescence exhibit reduced connectivity in specific brain regions associated with memory, learning, alertness, and executive function. Hundreds of houses buried by Congo volcano lava10. The study of plant uses by people is called economic botany or ethnobotany.


Cannabaceae submit an article

Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. Researchers haven’t found any links between smoking weed and cancers in the lung, head, or the neck. Submit article [11] Although cannabis remains prohibited for any use at the federal level, the Rohrabacher–Farr amendment was enacted in December 2014, limiting the ability of federal law to be enforced in states where medical cannabis has been legalized. [11] Cannabis remains illegal at the federal level under the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies it as a Schedule I drug with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. Contributing writer Mayo Clinic: “Marijuana,” “Medical marijuana. Looking for guest posts For young people who are developing psychosis, a supportive, open, understanding family environment works against psychosis and for recovery, whilst a hostile, blaming response worsens the outcome. They see the use of cannabis as bringing them closer to God (Jah), allowing the user to penetrate the truth of things more clearly. Guest poster wanted CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. [24][25][26] Many populations have been described as sexually labile. Linnaeus quickly discovered the specimen was a fake cobbled together from the jaws and paws of weasels and the skins of snakes. [71] The terminal half-life of THC is 25 to 36 hours,[82] whereas for CBD it is 18 to 32 hours. Other medical uses of cannabis, like preventing seizures, seem very promising. Interestingly, both CB1 and CB2Rs are also found in human placenta and have been shown to play a role in regulating serotonin transporter activity [Kenney et al. They developed, and in 1987 gained permission to market, the pharmaceutical "Canasol", one of the first cannabis extracts. Carl Linnaeus (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/;[1][2] 23 May[note 1] 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné[3] (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] (listen)), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. Imaging tests with some -- but not all -- adolescents found that marijuana may physically change their brains. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productivity and law enforcement costs. Hemp has large quantities of CBD, but no THC. In the medieval Islamic world, Arabic physicians made use of the diuretic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Cannabis sativa, and used it extensively as medication from the 8th to 18th centuries. On the expedition his primary companion was Erik Gustaf Lidbeck, a student who had accompanied him on his previous journey. Typically, bhang is the most commonly used form of cannabis in religious festivals. Contributing writer His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. [16] Low quality evidence suggests its use for reducing nausea during chemotherapy, improving appetite in HIV/AIDS, improving sleep, and improving tics in Tourette syndrome. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. Contribute to this site So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. Most of us are very unlikely to ever get psychosis, but this depends on a combination of our genes and the life we live. [20] Male flowers are normally borne on loose panicles, and female flowers are borne on racemes. All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated[15] and the fruit is an achene. The von Linné name ended with his son Carl, who never married. The von Linné name ended with his son Carl, who never married. Molecular data from 1990s onwards showed that these families were actually embedded within the order Rosales, so that from the first classification by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in 1998, they were placed in an expanded Rosales, forming a group which has been called "urticalean rosids". Articles wanted A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. [4] Trials for FDA approval in the US are underway. 1550 BCE) from Ancient Egypt describes medical cannabis. Sponsored post Due to its potency, however, some consumers use only a small quantity of kief in order to limit its effects. Become an author , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. [96]:18–19 A landrace strain of cannabis developed over centuries. [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Raw leaf is not psychoactive because cannabinoids are in the form of carboxylic acids. According to the competitive exclusion principle, when environmental resources are limited, species cannot occupy nor be supported by identical niches. It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. Advanced cultivation techniques such as hydroponics, cloning, high-intensity artificial lighting, and the sea of green method are frequently employed as a response (in part) to prohibition enforcement efforts that make outdoor cultivation more risky. Guest blogger guidelines Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. They’re different names for the same drug that comes from the cannabis plant. Guest author On the way, the pair stopped in Hamburg, where they met the mayor, who proudly showed them a supposed wonder of nature in his possession: the taxidermied remains of a seven-headed hydra. The doctor offered to have Linnaeus live with his family in Växjö and to teach him physiology and botany. Medical marijuana is legal in some form in a majority of states. Guest-post Via CB1 receptor activation, THC indirectly increases dopamine release and produces psychotropic effects. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. Cannabis is usually consumed for its relaxing and calming effects. Become a contributor [48] There are concerns surrounding memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, risk of schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. Sponsored post by In the Middle East, use spread throughout the Islamic empire to North Africa. It’s a good reason to smoke at a slow pace, to get a feel for the strength of the cannabis. In the United States, health insurance companies may not pay for a medical marijuana prescription as the Food and Drug Administration must approve any substance for medicinal purposes. Guest posters wanted Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention and memory, an increased risk of psychotic symptoms,[b] the inability to think clearly, and an increased risk of accidents. A newer proposed classification follows Leliaert et al. 9% in more recent years, significantly higher than recorded 10 years previously [Potter et al. Guest blogger guidelines He returned to Sweden in 1779, one year after Linnaeus's death. Sponsored post Nemours Foundation: “Marijuana. Quitting cannabis, after becoming dependent, is not life threatening, but it can be uncomfortable. One of the first scientists Linnaeus met in the Netherlands was Johan Frederik Gronovius to whom Linnaeus showed one of the several manuscripts he had brought with him from Sweden. Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. " However, the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, "harder" substances. In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. 730) dietary therapy book Shiliao bencao 食療本草 ("Nutritional Materia Medica") prescribes daily consumption of cannabis in the following case: "those who wish to see demons should take it (with certain other drugs) for up to a hundred days. The dry material was transferred to Uppsala. Scientists aren’t yet sure exactly why. Guest post- [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. Want to write an article 5% of people in the UK use cannabis regularly [Atha, 2005]. Guest posting [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. It might be as high as 1 in 2 among those who use it every day. are dependent), characterized by sleep problems, irritability, dysphoria, and craving. The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. Guest posts Serebriakova and Sizov split the two C. [195] Linnaeus has appeared on numerous Swedish postage stamps and banknotes. These tests cannot, however, distinguish authorized cannabis smoking for medical purposes from unauthorized recreational smoking. It aims to present the current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health. Guest blogger In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Accepting guest posts cannabis (countable and uncountable, plural cannabises). [136] Member nations of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs voted 27–25 to remove it from Schedule IV on 2 December 2020,[137] following a World Health Organization recommendation for removal in January 2019. [179] Nabiximols is a branded product name from a tincture manufacturing pharmaceutical company. [87][88] Once again, Linnaeus found a patron; he became acquainted with Count Carl Gustav Tessin, who helped him get work as a physician at the Admiralty. Contributor guidelines People in the process of developing schizophrenia often turn to cannabis, (rather than the cannabis causing the illness) possibly because it feels like it helps them in dealing with some of the symptoms. Contribute to this site More recently, Sakamoto and various co-authors[37][38] have used RAPD to isolate several genetic marker sequences that they name Male-Associated DNA in Cannabis (MADC), and which they interpret as indirect evidence of a male chromosome. Guest post opportunities Cannabis contains the chemical compound THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol), which is believed to be responsible for most of the characteristic psychoactive effects of cannabis that leads to the "high" that is experienced when cannabis is consumed. They believe skunk accounts for between 70 and 80% of samples seized by police[156] (despite the fact that skunk can sometimes be incorrectly mistaken for all types of herbal cannabis). Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. In April 1766 parts of the town were destroyed by a fire and the Linnean private collection was subsequently moved to a barn outside the town, and shortly afterwards to a single-room stone building close to his country house at Hammarby near Uppsala. [104] The book contained a complete survey of the taxonomy system he had been using in his earlier works. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology: “Medical Marijuana and Marijuana Legalization. THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. Guest post policy This last type of offence – allowing the use of a drug – applies only to permitting the smoking of cannabis or opium. Write for us A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. Contribute to this site In this longitudinal study, a specific susceptibility gene which has been linked to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), was examined in a representative birth cohort followed to adulthood. Guest poster wanted Someone may suddenly look and feel pale, shaky and ill, (sometimes called greening out, or pulling a whitey) they may even vomit or collapse. [160] Below the rank of species he sometimes recognised taxa of a lower (unnamed) rank; these have since acquired standardised names such as variety in botany and subspecies in zoology. Cannabis is a plant that has uses as a recreational and medicinal drug. [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. This is based on improved seed varieties and procedures such as artificial heating and lighting, hydroponic cultivation in nutrient solutions and propagation of cuttings of female plants. Delta-9-THC is the primary molecule responsible for the effects of cannabis. Linnaeus dedicated his Critica botanica to him, as "opus botanicum quo absolutius mundus non-vidit". Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. This is a guest post by [17] Based on additional grave goods, archaeologists concluded these individuals were shamans: "The marijuana must have been buried with the dead shamans who dreamed of continuing the profession in another world. Looking for guest posts But that can jump to 70 to 120 beats or more per minute for 3 hours after the effects of pot kick in. Hype around legalisation has not turned into reliable profits. Contribute to this site Cultivation and distribution of marijuana are felonies; possession for personal use is a misdemeanor; possession of “paraphernalia” is also illegal. Sponsored post by Cannabis and cannabis resin are listed in Schedules I and IV of the United Nations 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. Sponsored post [41] Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, plus 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). In 1545, cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber. Articles wanted There are about 4,300 species,[27] mainly unicellular or multicellular marine organisms such as the sea lettuce, Ulva. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. However, there has been a dramatic increase in research exploring this system during the last decade and it is considered to be one of the fastest growing fields in psychopharmacology, whilst the number of ‘classic’ neurotransmitter’ studies have either declined or remained the same [Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012].


Cannabis: Uses, Effects and Safety guest post:

To summarise, using lots of cannabis while still young (especially being addicted) could prevent someone reaching their full potential. Guest-blogger [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. The first time that the police find cannabis in someone’s possession, they are likely to give a ‘cannabis warning’, and each time afterwards they will take tougher action, such as fining you, or arresting you. The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, terpinolene, pinene, humulene, ocimene and linalool. If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident. Researchers looked at twins who differed in their cannabis use but had the same family background, it was the disadvantaged background not the cannabis use that made the difference to their success. Psilotopsida (whisk ferns & adders'-tongues). Guest post by In April 1735, at the suggestion of Sohlberg's father, Linnaeus and Sohlberg set out for the Dutch Republic, where Linnaeus intended to study medicine at the University of Harderwijk[61] while tutoring Sohlberg in exchange for an annual salary. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productivity and law enforcement costs. The release of endocannabinoids, such as AEA and 2-AG, from the postsynaptic sites to the synaptic cleft occur in response to elevation of intracellular calcium and they then act as retrograde neurotransmitters on presynaptically located CB1Rs to maintain homeostasis and prevent the excessive neuronal activity [Howlett et al. Widow's plea for rule change on overloaded lorries7. Lower levels of evidence support its use for AIDS wasting syndrome, epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, and glaucoma. In the far north, among the nomadic tribes of Mongolia and Siberia, shamanism was widespread and common until rather recent times. The overall concluding results showed that d-9-THC and CBD had different behavioural effects and also, at times, opposing brain activation in various regions [Borgwardt et al. Guest posts wanted Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Submit guest article We changed everything, our generation, the lames called us the Hippies, we called ourselves, Brother and Sister. Submit an article Most interest in the adverse properties of cannabis has centred on its association with schizophrenia, although it is still unclear if there is a causative relation between mental health and cannabis. Guest post guidelines Cannabis has been used as a medicine for thousands of years and is helping increasing numbers of people now. There is also a greater appreciation of sensory experiences such as music and hallucinations may occur with higher doses. Regular users sometimes notice that cannabis is damaging their physical or mental wellbeing, others feel it holds them back from fulfilling their potential. Submit guest article While they both treat allergy symptoms, they're not identical medications. Guest post- In Colorado, the price of smokable buds (infructescences) dropped 40 percent between 2014 and 2019, from $200 per ounce to $120 per ounce ($7 per gram to $4. Guest post So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. Guest posts wanted stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). A February 2019 review found that cannabis use during adolescence was associated with an increased risk of developing depression and suicidal behavior later in life, while finding no effect on anxiety. parthenocarpic) infructescences of female cannabis plants. Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Want to write for The gateway hypothesis states that cannabis use increases the probability of trying "harder" drugs. 1 oz) or less was made a misdemeanor. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. This is a guest post by as a wild or escaped variety of low-intoxicant Cannabis, and C. Contribute to this site [82] The next year, he published Genera Plantarum, in which he described 935 genera of plants, and shortly thereafter he supplemented it with Corollarium Generum Plantarum, with another sixty (sexaginta) genera. [42] Laws vary from state to state when it comes to the commercial sale. Guest posting Induced parthenocarpy in pistilate flowers, and selective breeding are used to produce either higher or lower yields of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), other cannabinoids, as well as terpenes with desired flavors or aromas, such as blueberry, strawberry, or even citrus. [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the carnivorous bladderwort (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). Guest-blogger The study of plant uses by people is called economic botany or ethnobotany. Smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming dependent on nicotine. Submit an article [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productivity and law enforcement costs. Articles wanted [110] The first volume was issued on 24 May, the second volume followed on 16 August of the same year. People who live alone, have gone through recent difficulties like money troubles, and who use cannabis to cope with their problems are most likely to get addicted, but it could happen to any heavy user. [201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. [76][77][27][78][79] Dutch Cannabis researcher E. On the way, the pair stopped in Hamburg, where they met the mayor, who proudly showed them a supposed wonder of nature in his possession: the taxidermied remains of a seven-headed hydra. Want to write for Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. In 2020, the National Institute on Drug Abuse released a study backing allegations that marijuana is a gateway to harder drugs, though not for the majority of marijuana users. Guest contributor guidelines Minerals are also important for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if nutrient needs are not met. Contributing writer However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Looking for guest posts Medical cannabis research includes any medical research on using cannabis as a treatment for any medical condition. Guest posting guidelines Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. Blog for us THC Ministry, the International Church of Cannabis, the Church of Holy Smoke, and "far-flung branches of Cantheists" are cited. She tried to sell it to Banks, but he was no longer interested; instead an acquaintance of his agreed to buy the collection. Looking for guest posts The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. When cannabis is inhaled to relieve pain, blood levels of cannabinoids rise faster than when oral products are used, peaking within three minutes and attaining an analgesic effect in seven minutes. Contributing writer A 2016 Cochrane review said that cannabinoids were "probably effective" in treating chemotherapy-induced nausea in children, but with a high side-effect profile (mainly drowsiness, dizziness, altered moods, and increased appetite). However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. Linnaeus stayed with Clifford at Hartekamp until 18 October 1737 (new style), when he left the house to return to Sweden. But if you orally ingest cannabis, such as in a capsule or food, it may be several hours before you feel anything. number-header{background-color:#549EA0}. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. than previously thought, especially with continued legalization of recreational marijuana. Some immediate undesired side effects include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills and reddening of the eyes. He then returned to Sweden where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. Blog for us Sometimes tobacco is included in the spliff. Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. Guest post: [39][27][40] Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,. All of us have an inbuilt genetic risk for psychosis that ranges from virtually zero up to a maximum of more than 50% (the risk if your identical twin has schizophrenia). Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms, and more than 2,300 names for individual strains. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Guest post Some plants, known as myco-heterotrophs, parasitize mycorrhizal fungi, and hence act as epiparasites on other plants. Guest author Cannabis indica fluid extract, American Druggists Syndicate, pre-1937. Guest poster wanted Cannabis cigarettes may be termed reefers, joints or spliffs. [198] The plant was used in China before 2800 BC, and found therapeutic use in India by 1000 BC, where it was used in food and drink, including bhang. Looking for guest posts States that have legalized marijuana for recreational or medical consumption have laws in place that make it illegal to drive under the influence of marijuana; review each states law carefully. Another study by Drug Science also looked at how changing governmental legislation on cannabis can reduce harm to users and found that state control of cannabis was the best policy to minimise drug harms. Want to contribute to our website In relation to the imaging data, during the response inhibition task, relative to placebo, d-9-THC attenuated the engagement of brain regions that normally mediate response inhibition, whilst CBD modulated activity in regions not implicated with this task [Borgwardt et al. Mothers who smoke pot while pregnant face a higher risk of giving birth to underweight or premature babies. Guest blogger Well-known members of Rosales include: roses, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, apples and pears, plums, peaches and apricots, almonds, rowan and hawthorn, jujube, elms, banyans, figs, mulberries, breadfruit, nettles, hops, and cannabis. Articles wanted For some people, this issue should matter more because the risk of cannabis provoking psychosis will be higher for them. Guest-post They can be found in the mountains, the tropics and the arctics. Want to write a post  In a world in which no-one used cannabis, people would still develop psychosis, sometimes this is a one-off episode of a few days or weeks, sometimes someone dips in and out of periods of psychosis over their lifetime, sometimes it is more or less constant, and occurs with other problems (schizophrenia). Linnaeus entered the Växjö Katedralskola in 1724, where he studied mainly Greek, Hebrew, theology and mathematics, a curriculum designed for boys preparing for the priesthood. Want to write for A person addicted to cannabis can become irritable and anxious if they try to go without it, lose their appetite, and feel unable to relax and sleep. Guest post- Cannabis interferes with memory, so someone might not do well if they try to learn whilst stoned, or even the day after being stoned. Blog for us The vapour can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. Submit an article (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ (i[r]. The provenance of the hydra suggested to Linnaeus that it had been manufactured by monks to represent the Beast of Revelation. Using pot may raise your chances for clinical depression or worsen the symptoms of any mental disorders you already have. Want to write an article Someone may suddenly look and feel pale, shaky and ill, (sometimes called greening out, or pulling a whitey) they may even vomit or collapse. Submit article Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. Stereotyping cannabis users as slow thinkers and underachievers can make things worse, because people have an unconscious tendency to be limited by negative stereotypes. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. You can’t tell from looking or smelling cannabis whether there's a balance of CBD and THC in it, but in general, hash may have more CBD than skunk. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. Sponsored post: stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). This is a guest post by Exposure to THC can cause acute transient psychotic symptoms in healthy individuals and people with schizophrenia. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. But the federal government’s ban on marijuana has made it hard to study its effects on humans. Blog for us [142] In 2014, the startup Meadow began offering on-demand delivery of medical marijuana in the San Francisco Bay Area, through their mobile app. Submit an article [58] The direction of cause and effect, however, is unclear. Write for us [59][60] The defense attorneys were not often successful in winning their case, because the intent of the law was clear. Become a contributor It does affect your judgement though and people often think conversations or thoughts they have (whether good or bad) are much more deep or important when they’re stoned than they would do normally. Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function.


A Quick Take on Cannabis and Its Effects submit a guest post

Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. Guest post As an antiemetic, these medications are usually used when conventional treatment for nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy fail to work. Guest post courtesy of [105] In 2001, Canada became the first country to adopt a system regulating the medical use of cannabis. Publish your guest post So it may take 30 minutes to 2 hours before you feel anything. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. Guest author The extent of this impact may be greater in novice users, and paradoxically, those habituated to high-level ingestion may have reduced cognition during withdrawal. It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. A purported reason was the appearance of high potency cannabis. Submit your content The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. Guest posters wanted There is little evidence for damage to organ systems among moderate users, but consumption with tobacco carries all of the risks of that substance. However, the functionalities of the CB1Rs are not always straightforward due to complex interactions with the other neurotransmitter systems. Cannabis is a plant that has uses as a recreational and medicinal drug. Submit content [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. These are loose categories used to indicate the effects of different cannabis products. Traditional, regional language names for cannabis or marijuana include:. Want to write for How long the effects last and the drug stays in your system depends on how much you’ve taken, your size, whether you’ve eaten and what other drugs you may have also taken. In ancient China shamans were known as wu. Become an author ruderalis Janisch, and Cannabis ruderalis Janisch, as alternative names. [30] Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis. If taken over a long term, it causes one to communicate with spirits and lightens one's body. High Times Magazine ran an article about Cantheism in 2019. Guest post by This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. OCT's strategy is to develop cannabinoid pharmaceuticals for the nonaddictive treatment of pain conditions. It is a popular recreational drug with some medicinal uses. Extremely hot showers and topical capsaicin cream have been found to relieve symptoms of CHS, but exactly why this occurs is not known. Street terms for cannabis/cannabis resin include bhang, charas, pot, dope, ganja, hemp, weed, blow, grass and many others. Guest blogger The average THC level in coffee shops in the Netherlands is about 18–19%. CB1R expression in the striatum and their role in differential signalling between different developmental stages and sensorimotor and associative/limbic circuits have also been demonstrated in a recent study [van Waes et al. Become an author This is a tiny risk that is not relevant to most users, but people with health problems (like an irregular heartbeat) should always be aware that drugs might have greater risks to them. [172] The new classification received less criticism, but many natural historians still believed he had demoted humans from their former place of ruling over nature and not being a part of it. Suggest a post The effects of cannabis can vary massively. Guest blogger [87][88] However, maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy does not appear to be associated with low birth weight or early delivery after controlling for tobacco use and other confounding factors. It also contained information of how to keep a journal on travels and how to maintain a botanical garden. [73][74] THC is highly protein bound once absorbed, with only 3% found unbound in the plasma. Sponsored post Colors may seem brighter, music more vivid, and emotions more profound. ESPAD Report 2019 (November 2020). Guest posting rules Some material which needed special care (alcohol specimens) or ample storage space was moved from the private collection to the museum. Submit article It was also during this expedition that Linnaeus had a flash of insight regarding the classification of mammals. Want to write an article Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms, and more than 2,300 names for individual strains. [65] An increase in apoC-III levels induces the development of hypertriglyceridemia. "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. Cannabis, like many organisms, is diploid, having a chromosome complement of 2n=20, although polyploid individuals have been artificially produced. 3rd century BCE) Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 (or ju 苴) "female Cannabis". Submitting a guest post [24][25][26] Many populations have been described as sexually labile. Sponsored post: [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency. Become a guest blogger However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet, typically opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch. Guest post The second, ganja, consisting of the leaves and the plant tops, is smoked. Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάννᾰβῐς (kánnabis). Guest post [53] These putative effects can be taken in context of a wide range of cardiovascular phenomena regulated by the endocannabinoid system and an overall role of cannabis in causing decreased peripheral resistance and increased cardiac output, which potentially could pose a threat to those with cardiovascular disease. Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. People who use large quantities of cannabis may become sedated or disoriented and may experience toxic psychosis -- not knowing who they are, where they are, or what time it is. Fruit produced by members of this family include apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, breadfruit, and jackfruit. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. Contribute to our site com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. [10] The Cannabis plant has been highly prized for millennia for its hemp, which has numerous uses. In 1747, Linnaeus was given the title archiater, or chief physician, by the Swedish king Adolf Frederick—a mark of great respect. Guest posting Linnaeus stayed with Clifford at Hartekamp until 18 October 1737 (new style), when he left the house to return to Sweden. Submitting a guest post Cannabis is mostly used recreationally or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes. Impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and harms (June 2020). Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Articles wanted This publication builds on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. This article looks at 13 ways to stop a panic attack. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. An Irish physician, William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, is credited with introducing cannabis to Western medicine. One laboratory at the University of British Columbia found that Jamaican Lamb's Bread, claimed to be 100% sativa, was in fact almost 100% indica (the opposite strain). Indeed, CB1R agonists have been shown to induce AKT1 phosphorylation, whilst the antagonists of this receptor have inhibited AKT1 signalling pathways [Molina-Holgado et al. Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, phytoliths, and amber (the fossilized resin produced by some plants). [261] According to Daniel Forbes writing for slate. Contributor guidelines Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -im, ablative singular in -e or -ī). Guest post Part of the Rastafari movement, elders of the 20th-century religious movement known as the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church, consider cannabis to be the "eucharist",[45] claiming it as an oral tradition from Ethiopia dating back to the time of Christ. Looking for guest posts Cannabis use can induce such symptoms, as well as be used secondary to a primary depressive illness [Dakwar et al. The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. 8% of the population aged 15–64). Accepting guest posts Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. Another interesting compound of the plant, d-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (d-9-THCV), a novel CB1R antagonist, also exerts potentially useful actions in the treatment of epilepsy and obesity [Pertwee, 2008; Izzo et al. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". To take much makes people see demons and throw themselves about like maniacs (多食令人見鬼狂走). Fruiting bodies, of which mushrooms are the most familiar example, are the reproductive structures of fungi, and are unlike any structures produced by plants. The lower leaf pairs usually occur in an opposite leaf arrangement and the upper leaf pairs in an alternate arrangement on the main stem of a mature plant. That is adding it to tobacco in a cigarette paper, rolling it with no filter and smoking this ‘joint’. Cannabis, called má 麻 (meaning "hemp; cannabis; numbness") or dàmá 大麻 (with "big; great") in Chinese, was used in Taiwan for fiber starting about 10,000 years ago. This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. Higher doses can lead to perceptual distortion, forgetfulness and confusion of thought processes. But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. European Drug Report 2020: Key Issues (September 2020). Articles wanted The available research indicates that the main two compounds, d-9-THC and CBD, whilst having similar effects in certain domains, also have almost opposite effects to one another in other aspects [Carlini et al. Submit content [127] He suffered a second stroke in 1776, losing the use of his right side and leaving him bereft of his memory; while still able to admire his own writings, he could not recognise himself as their author. At the same time, CBD levels in seized samples have lowered, in part because of the desire to produce higher THC levels and because more illegal growers cultivate indoors using artificial lights. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. Guest contributor guidelines Marijuana or marihuana (herbal cannabis)[20] consists of the dried flowers and fruits and subtending leaves and stems of the female Cannabis plant. Become an author Hemp is an English name for the cannabis plant. Two men, aged 29 and 38, were arrested on suspicion of the production of class B drugs and remain in custody. [142] It is unknown if or how these actions contribute to the effects of cannabis. The major cannabinoid acids of raw cannabis are THCA, CBGA, CBDA, CBCA, CBGVA, THCVA, CBDVA, CBCVA. People who live alone, have gone through recent difficulties like money troubles, and who use cannabis to cope with their problems are most likely to get addicted, but it could happen to any heavy user. a group that excludes some of the descendants of a common ancestor. Medical marijuana is legal in some form in a majority of states. In the US, most consumers grow their own or buy it from cannabis dispensaries in states where it is legal. Dronabinol (tetrahydrocannabinol) has been available by prescription for more than a decade in the USA. But that can jump to 70 to 120 beats or more per minute for 3 hours after the effects of pot kick in. Guest post: avium) is used to make high quality furniture due to its color and ability to be warped. The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves (see illustration). Linnaeus published Philosophia Botanica in 1751. Molecular evidence has since shown that the most recent common ancestor (concestor), of the Fungi was probably more similar to that of the Animalia than to that of Plantae or any other kingdom. Most recently, another study has provided further support for a strong association between early cannabis use and the development of schizophrenia spectrum disorder symptoms [Anglin et al. Cannabis use can induce such symptoms, as well as be used secondary to a primary depressive illness [Dakwar et al. When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. The third, called charas or hashish, consists of the resinous buds and/or extracted resin from the leaves of the marijuana plant. Guest post- [10] Modern garden varieties of roses such as hybrid teas, floribunda, and grandifora, originated from complex hybrids of several separate wild species native to different regions throughout the world.


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Other risks of regularly using cannabis can include:. We found that pretreatment with CBD prevented the transient psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC. As with any drug, the only relationship with cannabis that is 100% safe is avoiding it entirely. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Many animals rely on plants for shelter as well as oxygen and food. Guest blogger guidelines But some people misunderstand what this means. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Although cannabis is still illegal it seems that many people are finding a benefit from it. Guest post: Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. In Mexico, THC content of medical cannabis is limited to one percent. His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. Guest-post For reasons including increased popular support of cannabis use, a trend of cannabis legalization, and the perception of medical usefulness, more scientists are doing medical cannabis research. Submit a guest post [118] Few high quality studies have been performed on the long-term effects of cannabis on cognition, and the results were generally inconsistent. Sometimes the vein will actually pass tangent to the notch, but often it will pass by at a small distance, and when that happens a spur vein (occasionally a pair of such spur veins) branches off and joins the leaf margin at the deepest point of the notch. CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. Accepting guest posts Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking.  Cannabis oil (hashish oil) is a concentrate of cannabinoids obtained by solvent extraction of the crude plant material or of the resin. For the majority of plants to grow successfully they also require oxygen in the atmosphere and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. These effects are often minimal in products containing very high levels of CBD, compared with THC. Guest post This last activity however reduced rather than augmented the scientific value of the original material. Upon observing the lower jawbone of a horse at the side of a road he was travelling, Linnaeus remarked: "If I only knew how many teeth and of what kind every animal had, how many teats and where they were placed, I should perhaps be able to work out a perfectly natural system for the arrangement of all quadrupeds. Articles wanted Indica-dominant strains are short plants with broad, dark green leaves and have higher cannabidiol content than the sativa plants in which THC content is higher. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. Avoid alcohol while using cannabis. Become a contributor In its listing announcement, OCT said its "primary market focus is the total addressable pain market, which is estimated to be worth at least £42. Guest post courtesy of When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. Submit content The most common uses for medical cannabis include for severe or long-term pain, nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy (cancer treatments), and painful muscle spasms. Write for us They believe skunk accounts for between 70 and 80% of samples seized by police[156] (despite the fact that skunk can sometimes be incorrectly mistaken for all types of herbal cannabis). The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. According to Alfred Dunhill (1924), Africans have had a long tradition of smoking hemp in gourd pipes, asserting that by 1884 the King of the Baluka tribe of the Congo had established a "riamba" or hemp-smoking cult in place of fetish-worship. Become a guest blogger Next to his own collection he had also built up a museum for the university of Uppsala, which was supplied by material donated by Carl Gyllenborg (in 1744–1745), crown-prince Adolf Fredrik (in 1745), Erik Petreus (in 1746), Claes Grill (in 1746), Magnus Lagerström (in 1748 and 1750) and Jonas Alströmer (in 1749).   In fact skunk is only one of 100 or so varieties of cannabis plant which have high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Guest column A person has an addiction when they cannot stop using a substance. Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. Herbal cannabis (known as ‘cannabis flos’), with a nominal THC content of 18 %, is available as a prescription medicine in The Netherlands. [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. Want to write an article Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. Guest posts Before presenting the available evidence in the literature on the reasons for the varying effects of cannabis in different individuals, we will first review the present knowledge on the biochemistry of the cannabis plant and the endocannabinoid system. Abroad, the apostles collected and organised new plants, animals and minerals according to Linnaeus's system. [4] As of 2018, medical marijuana in Canada is being legally distributed to registered patients in bud, drops and capsule forms by such companies as Canopy Growth Corp. This is the name given for particular strains of grass that are very strong. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. 4 million) in its initial public offering, with a starting market value of just over £48 million ($69. Contribute to our site In the medieval Islamic world, Arabic physicians made use of the diuretic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Cannabis sativa, and used it extensively as medication from the 8th to 18th centuries. More than 1 in 10 drinkers say they have used marijuana in the past year. Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. [80] The patterns of genetic, morphological, and chemotaxonomic variation support recognition of C. [139] It is related to the Persian kanab, the English canvas and possibly the English hemp (Old English hænep). Hemp buds (or low-potency cannabis buds) laced with synthetic cannabinoids started to be sold as cannabis street drug in 2020. Contributing writer The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention, and memory (while intoxicated), an increased risk of psychotic symptoms, and possibly increased risk of accidents if a person drives a motor vehicle while intoxicated. Looking for guest posts With a few exceptions, the green plants have the following features in common; primary chloroplasts derived from cyanobacteria containing chlorophylls a and b, cell walls containing cellulose, and food stores in the form of starch contained within the plastids. [73][74] On 24 September 1735, Linnaeus moved to Hartekamp to become personal physician to Clifford, and curator of Clifford's herbarium. When Carl was born, he was named Carl Linnæus, with his father's family name. 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Guest post Research in more recent years has shown that d-9-THC, as a partial agonist, resembles anandamide in its CB1 affinity, albeit with less efficacy than anandamide, whilst displaying even lower efficacy at CB2Rs than at CB1Rs in vitro [Pertwee, 2008]. However, the number of people carrying this allele was small in this study. Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. In the mosses and hornworts a cuticle is usually only produced on the sporophyte. Naturally, due to the recent and constant increase in the availability of higher THC content variants of cannabis around the world, there have been increasing concerns about the health risks, particularly for young people. It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". Building a Career in Drug Science. As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. [111][110][112] Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB1 receptors. Contributor guidelines He developed sciatica in 1773, and the next year, he had a stroke which partially paralysed him. Suggest a post This means that on its way from the midrib of the leaflet to the point of the serration, the vein serving the tip of the serration passes close by the intervening notch. That is where the spirit of the ganja kicks in, that the more you share the more you get, the seed thing, that is how we rolled, when rolling really was a thing. The major psychoactive constituent in cannabis is ∆-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Originally it was thought that CBD was the metabolic parent to d-9-THC, but it was later found that its biosynthesis occurs according to a genetically determined ratio [Russo and Guy, 2006]. Guest post Like some other cannabis concentrates, it contains a much higher concentration of THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids, such as than that of the cannabis infructescences from which it is derived. Later, a phylogeny based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was proposed. Two active metabolites are formed: 11-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8β-hydroxy-Δ9-THC. Only a small proportion of those who try cannabis go on to use heroin. The vapour can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. [10] The Cannabis plant has been highly prized for millennia for its hemp, which has numerous uses. [72] The available evidence does not support a causal relationship between cannabis use and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. This helps avoid detection but reduces the CBD production of the plant. The unsaturated bond in the cyclohexene ring is located between C-9 and C-10 in the more common dibenzopyran ring numbering system. Guest post policy Skunk’s strength and speed can sometimes catch out inexperienced users. In this syndrome, persistent nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain can occur in people who have previously smoked marijuana long-term (six months or more). Some critics[who?] claim that Linnæus was one of the forebears of the modern pseudoscientific notion of scientific racism, while others[who?] hold the view that while his classification was stereotyped, it did not imply that certain human "races" were superior to others. Contribute to this site [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. "The groups of criminals who operate in our communities cause misery for many, and we are relentless in our pursuit of those who control their activity. the World Flora Online and World Plants both list about 350,000 species. Herodotus also noted that the Thracians, a people who had intimate contact with the Scythians, introduced the plant to the Dacians where it became popular among a shamanic cult named the Kapnobatai, or "Those Who Walk in the Clouds. In 2020, the National Institute on Drug Abuse released a study backing allegations that marijuana is a gateway to harder drugs, though not for the majority of marijuana users. Submit an article which release us from anxiety" and that a guardian angel resides in its leaves. Contribute to this site Become lethargic and unmotivated. [83] The oldest written record of cannabis usage is the Greek historian Herodotus's reference to the central Eurasian Scythians taking cannabis steam baths. Cannabis-based products come from the dried flowering tops, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). A 2016 Cochrane review said that cannabinoids were "probably effective" in treating chemotherapy-induced nausea in children, but with a high side-effect profile (mainly drowsiness, dizziness, altered moods, and increased appetite). Guest author In Morocco, kief also refers to a traditional mix of finely-chopped marijuana and indigenous tobacco, which is distinctly different from trichome powder. Around the same time, the existence of the endocannabinoid system was confirmed by Devane and colleagues following the extraction of a molecule, an ethanolamine of arachidonic acid (AEA), which bound to these receptors [Devane et al. Submit content The most important psychoactive ingredients in cannabis are the tetrahydrocannabinols (THC). Blog for us It might be as high as 1 in 2 among those who use it every day. [87] The botanist Hui-lin Li wrote that in China, "The use of Cannabis in medicine was probably a very early development. If taken in excess it produces hallucinations and a staggering gait. Submitting a guest post The most recent DOJ memo on federal marijuana enforcement can be read here. He compared the behaviour of wild animals and pointed out how none of them denied their newborns their breastmilk. Want to write for Hundreds of houses buried by Congo volcano lava10. However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. On Linnaeus's recommendation, Solander travelled to England in 1760, where he met the English botanist Joseph Banks. Guest posting Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. But scientists aren’t yet sure how well it works or if it’s safe over the long term. Guest posts However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet, typically opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch. [263] Prices and overall markets have also varied considerably over time. Organizations that oppose the legalization of medical cannabis include the American Academy of Pediatrics[10] and American Psychiatric Association. Guest posts wanted The biological basis of this variable sensitivity is yet unclear.


Cannabis haul at bingo hall: Two men arrested as police seize £2.2m worth of drugs guest post opportunities

Other publications forming part of his plan to reform the foundations of botany include his Classes Plantarum and Bibliotheca Botanica: all were printed in Holland (as were Genera Plantarum (1737) and Systema Naturae (1735)), the Philosophia being simultaneously released in Stockholm. Articles wanted a group that excludes some of the descendants of a common ancestor. Sponsored post D-9-THC caused transient psychotic symptoms and increased the levels of anxiety, intoxication and sedation, whilst CBD had no significant effect on behaviour or these parameters. Cannabis' efficacy is not clear in treating neurological problems, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and movement problems. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Guest posts wanted There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. [64] The authors hypothesized that the two subspecies diverged primarily as a result of human selection; C. From this position he laid the groundwork for his radical new theory of classifying and naming organisms for which he was considered the founder of modern taxonomy. Guest post- US group snaps up UK maker of marijuana-based epilepsy drug as sector interest grows. "The work will involve digging a hole and very quickly re-covering it as though nothing has happened. Articles wanted [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. Even though cannabis has been used and cultivated by mankind for at least 6000 years [Li, 1973] our current knowledge on its pharmacological properties is based on studies which have taken place only since the end of the nineteenth century. As d-9-THC is the main ingredient which causes the desired ‘stoned’ effect, users prefer the strains of the plant with higher THC content. A small number of people who smoke lots of cannabis get an illness where they feel sick, have stomach aches and vomit. Become guest writer [53] These putative effects can be taken in context of a wide range of cardiovascular phenomena regulated by the endocannabinoid system and an overall role of cannabis in causing decreased peripheral resistance and increased cardiac output, which potentially could pose a threat to those with cardiovascular disease. Contribute to our site [118] The plant Arabidopsis thaliana is used in laboratories as a model organism to understand how genes control the growth and development of plant structures. Our results suggest that the effects of CBD on activation in limbic and paralimbic regions may contribute to its ability to reduce autonomic arousal and subjective anxiety, whereas the anxiogenic effects of d-9-THC may be related to effects in other brain regions. Want to contribute to our website The term hemp is used to name the durable soft fiber from the Cannabis plant stem (stalk). This involves an alternation between two generations: a haploid stage, called the gametophyte, and a diploid stage, called the sporophyte. Want to contribute to our website Cannabis, (genus Cannabis), genus of medicinal, recreational, and fibre plants belonging to the family Cannabaceae. Suggest a post Smoking and inhalation of vaporized cannabis have better absorption than do other routes of administration, and therefore also have more predictable distribution. He admired the child care practices of the Lapps[108] and pointed out how healthy their babies were compared to those of Europeans who employed wet nurses. Although Rudbeck and Roberg had undoubtedly been good professors, by then they were older and not so interested in teaching. Guest posts wanted [23] He reached the last year of the Lower School when he was fifteen, which was taught by the headmaster, Daniel Lannerus, who was interested in botany. 100 CE) Chinese pharmacopeia Shennong Ben Cao Jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) described the use of mafen 麻蕡 "cannabis fruit/seeds":. Linnaeus's remains constitute the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen that he is known to have examined was himself. Not nearly as common as it used to be, hash (or hashish) is made from the resin of the cannabis plant and can be black, brown, soft or hard – depending on the type. Become a guest blogger All living things were traditionally placed into one of two groups, plants and animals. Become a contributor The botanists engaged in heated debate (outside of court), and both camps impugned the other's integrity. Fossil forests of petrified wood have been found in all continents. [citation needed] In 1842, Irish physician William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, who had studied the drug while working as a medical officer in Bengal with the East India Company, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain, provoking renewed interest in the West. Guest author But scientists aren’t yet sure how well it works or if it’s safe over the long term. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that relates to feelings of pleasure. 9% in 2014 and had surpassed daily cigarette use. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved smoked cannabis for any condition or disease, as it deems that evidence is lacking concerning safety and efficacy. Submit content " However, the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, "harder" substances. Sparrman made many other expeditions, one of them to South Africa. Being a cannabis user or being addicted to cannabis seems to go along with problems like depression and anxiety a bit more often than would happen just by chance. At some point, his father went to visit him and, after hearing critical assessements by his preceptors, he decided to put the youth as an apprentice to some honest cobbler. In May 1738, he set out for Sweden again. Guest posts wanted The second, ganja, consisting of the leaves and the plant tops, is smoked.  In this example, it would be the illegality of cannabis use rather than cannabis use itself that leads most directly to contact with heroin. Articles wanted [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. Sponsored post [1][2] The use of cannabis as medicine has not been rigorously tested due to production and governmental restrictions, resulting in limited clinical research to define the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat diseases. Guest posting rules Rothman showed Linnaeus that botany was a serious subject. Cannabinoids, terpenoids, and other compounds are secreted by glandular trichomes that occur most abundantly on the floral calyxes and bracts of female plants. Another Swedish scientist, Johan Andreas Murray issued the Regnum Vegetabile section separately in 1774 as the Systema Vegetabilium, rather confusingly labelled the 13th edition. Harm Reduction Journal: “Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic. Using cannabis causes a number of physical effects including increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, tiredness and occasionally, dizziness. Cannabis use is associated with increased recruitment of task-related areas, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is thought to reflect compensatory activity due to reduced processing efficiency. [85] Cannabis vaporizers have gained popularity because of a perception among users that fewer harmful chemicals are ingested when components are inhaled via aerosol rather than smoke. Guest post: A Cannabis plant includes more than 400 different chemicals, of which about 70 are cannabinoids. Writers wanted [36] In Uppsala, Linnaeus met a new benefactor, Olof Celsius, who was a professor of theology and an amateur botanist. [108][109] The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including phytoplankton in geological time. "Often extremely vulnerable people are recruited to look after the grows, living in appalling conditions full of fear. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Guest post opportunities Fruit produced by members of this family include apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, breadfruit, and jackfruit. Become guest writer [113] Near the head and foot of the shaman was a large leather basket and wooden bowl filled with 789g of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. Guest post: That also goes for most medical marijuana. [185] The plant material is mixed with the solvent and then pressed and filtered to express the oils of the plant into the solvent. Guest post- When eaten the effects take longer to start but often last longer too. Thirty-three fish specimens preserved in alcohol were not sent and were later lost. Plants figure prominently in mythology, religion and literature. [139] THC appears to alter mood and cognition through its agonist actions on the CB1 receptors, which inhibit a secondary messenger system (adenylate cyclase) in a dose-dependent manner. , mamu 麻木 "numb" and mazui 麻醉 "anesthetic; narcotic"), which "apparently derived from the properties of the fruits and leaves, which were used as infusions for medicinal purposes. "[5] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly. Guest post Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general approach toward cannabis was lenient even before official decriminalization. The botany, zoology, pharmacology and anatomy lectures were not in their best state. The pair are held on suspicion of the production of class B drugs after the raid on the disused premises. Using cannabis causes a number of physical effects including increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, tiredness and occasionally, dizziness. Guest-post Many legume plants have nitrogen fixing bacteria in the genus Rhizobium, found in nodules of their roots, that fix nitrogen from the air for the plant to use. Guest post Vaporisers heat up the cannabis hot enough that the cannabinoids and some other substances evaporate and can be inhaled, but not so hot that the plant material is burnt. Want to contribute to our website [195] There are numerous statues of Linnaeus in countries around the world. All of these plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls composed of cellulose, and most obtain their energy through photosynthesis, using light, water and carbon dioxide to synthesize food. [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbial signatures. Two years after his tutoring had begun, he was sent to the Lower Grammar School at Växjö in 1717. As the stronger variants have been taking over the street market, there has been a surge of interest in studying the links between cannabis use and mental health problems. Guest article Usually, for a drug to be recognized as a proper medicine, scientists have to have done a trial in which they take a group of people who all have a particular problem or illness, give only half of them the drug, and find out if the people who were given the drug do better overall than the people who were not given it. Submit content Hashish (also spelled hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash) is a concentrated resin cake or ball produced from pressed kief, the detached trichomes and fine material that falls off cannabis fruits, flowers and leaves. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Guest column Mysteriously, these people usually find that very hot baths and showers help a bit, although stopping cannabis use is the only known solution. Since the beginning of the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws against the cultivation, possession or transfer of cannabis. Guest post guidelines [195] There are numerous statues of Linnaeus in countries around the world. Guest post opportunities He named a solanaceous genus, Scopolia, the source of scopolamine, after him, but because of the great distance between them, they never met. It has also been reported as useful as an anti-nausea drug in chemotherapy, and to relieve intra-ocular pressure in glaucoma patients. The THC is largely concentrated around the flowering parts of the female plant. Articles wanted The effects of inhaled cannabis are felt within minutes, reach their peak in 10 to 30 minutes, and may linger for two or three hours. This is a guest post by European Journal of Pain: “Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis. [153] It is unclear, however, whether the increase in THC content has caused people to consume more THC or if users adjust based on the potency of the cannabis. Fossils of seed ferns such as Glossopteris are widely distributed throughout several continents of the Southern Hemisphere, a fact that gave support to Alfred Wegener's early ideas regarding Continental drift theory. [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived. Indeed, Morgan and colleagues carried out a study on 120 current users, which included 66 daily and 54 recreational users, whose hair analyses revealed their THC and CBD amounts. For young people who are developing psychosis, a supportive, open, understanding family environment works against psychosis and for recovery, whilst a hostile, blaming response worsens the outcome. But researchers don’t know enough to say if those infants are more likely to grow up to struggle in school, use drugs, or have other problems in life. Submit guest post A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. Publish your guest post [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating progression through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages accumulated by the aged seed. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). His plan was to divide the plants by the number of stamens and pistils. Become guest writer Surviving texts from ancient India confirm that cannabis' psychoactive properties were recognized, and doctors used it for treating a variety of illnesses and ailments, including insomnia, headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, and pain, including during childbirth. Medicinal plants are a primary source of organic compounds, both for their medicinal and physiological effects, and for the industrial synthesis of a vast array of organic chemicals. Want to write an article [230] The California Supreme Court decided in May 2013 that local governments can ban medical marijuana dispensaries despite a state law in California that permits the use of cannabis for medical purposes. Guest poster wanted The scientific debate regarding taxonomy has had little effect on the terminology in widespread use among cultivators and users of drug-type Cannabis. Our group also assessed whether pretreatment with CBD could prevent the acute psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC when six healthy volunteers were administered d-9-THC intravenously on two occasions, after placebo or CBD pretreatment [Bhattacharyya et al. Using a case-only design of 493 people with schizophrenia, Zammit and colleagues re-examined this association but their findings did not support the different effects of cannabis use on schizophrenia according to variation in COMT [Zammit et al. Indeed, it has been shown that people scoring high in schizotypy who use cannabis are more likely to have psychosis-like experiences at the time of use, together with unpleasant side effects [Barkus et al. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. [99] O'Shaughnessy discovered cannabis in the 1830s while living abroad in India, where he conducted numerous experiments investigating the drug's medical utility (noting in particular its analgesic and anticonvulsant effects). This resulted in a physical separation between the two collections; the museum collection remained in the botanical garden of the university. [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established.


Cannabis (drug) guest post:

[201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. Interestingly some alkylamides from the Echinacea plant can also bind to the CB2Rs even more strongly than the endogenous cannabinoids [Raduner et al. [3] Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabis can reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. Another way of looking at the relationships between the different groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their evolutionary relationships. [261] According to Daniel Forbes writing for slate. Quitting cannabis, after becoming dependent, is not life threatening, but it can be uncomfortable. Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. Celtis), others are herbaceous plants (e. In 1783 Carl died and Sara inherited the collection, having outlived both her husband and son. Guest posts In a recent survey, two out of every three Americans now support legalization. Contrary to the belief that plants are always in competition, new research has found that in a harsh environment mature plants sheltering seedlings help the smaller plant survive. Submitting a guest post This is particularly common during the festival of Diwali and Kumbha Mela. Guest post: What does that mean for hummus?. He stayed in South Africa for three years, then travelled to Japan. Publish your guest post [195] Linnaeus has appeared on numerous Swedish postage stamps and banknotes. Guest blogger [41] Names for recognized species include:. CB1 and CB2 are the primary cannabinoid receptors responsible for several of the effects of cannabinoids, although other receptors may play a role as well. Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Submitting a guest post Enormous gourd pipes were used. Guest column Rothman based this recommendation on the two professors who taught at the medical faculty at Uppsala: Olof Rudbeck the Younger and Lars Roberg. The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). You may not always know how potent your recreational marijuana might be. Accepting guest posts [119] Furthermore, effect sizes of significant findings were generally small. Cannabis aficionados recognize three distinct types based on such factors as morphology, native range, aroma, and subjective psychoactive characteristics. Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[2][7][8][4]. In the United States, health insurance companies may not pay for a medical marijuana prescription as the Food and Drug Administration must approve any substance for medicinal purposes. [113] Cannabis withdrawal is less severe than withdrawal from alcohol. The use of cannabis as a mind-altering drug has been documented by archaeological finds in prehistoric societies in Eurasia and Africa. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. [139] THC appears to alter mood and cognition through its agonist actions on the CB1 receptors, which inhibit a secondary messenger system (adenylate cyclase) in a dose-dependent manner. Sponsored post by Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. Contributor guidelines Thanks to Ethan Russo and Geoffrey W. Suggest a post When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. In the US, "industrial hemp" is classified by the federal government as cannabis containing no more than 0. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. Contribute to this site Impact of COVID-19: results from an EMCDDA trendspotter study (April 2021). Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. Contributing writer Journal of Epilepsy Research: “Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Epilepsy: Hard Evidence at Last?”. Guest post opportunities Using cannabis causes a number of physical effects including increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, tiredness and occasionally, dizziness. Guest posts wanted [58] It remains controversial whether sufficient morphological and genetic divergence occurs within the genus as a result of geographical or ecological isolation to justify recognition of more than one species. Cannabis is usually consumed for its relaxing and calming effects. The major staples include cereals such as rice and wheat, starchy roots and tubers such as cassava and potato, and legumes such as peas and beans. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. A 2015 meta-analysis found that, although a longer period of abstinence was associated with smaller magnitudes of impairment, both retrospective and prospective memory were impaired in cannabis users. Submit guest post Government of Canada Department of Public Health: “Health effects of cannabis. Submit blog post They were the ancestors of modern gymnosperms, of which four surviving groups are widespread today, particularly the conifers, which are dominant trees in several biomes. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. The risk of lung cancer is far lower, maybe as low as someone who doesn’t smoke at all. A whole host of people have appeared before the Grimsby bench. avium) is used to make high quality furniture due to its color and ability to be warped. Guest posters wanted Cities, municipalities, employers, landlords, and universities may have special policies about the use of marijuana. Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. [90] Various surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 found that many users of cannabis substitute it for prescription drugs (including opioids), alcohol, and tobacco; most of those who used it in place of alcohol or tobacco either reduced or stopped their intake of the latter substances. Black Lives Matter activist shot in London1. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. There is evidence supporting the use of cannabis or its derivatives in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, neuropathic pain, and multiple sclerosis. Specific city and county laws have been enacted to regulate how citizens and tourists may possess and consume marijuana. The leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. Less like alcohol, cannabis also can alter the senses in unusual ways, so music, food, films, computer games might seem different, more fascinating, and easier to feel immersed in. In high doses, it can make you paranoid or lose touch with reality so you hear or see things that aren’t there. It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". Contribute to our site Cultivation and distribution of marijuana are felonies; possession for personal use is a misdemeanor; possession of “paraphernalia” is also illegal. Long-term, heavy use of marijuana (THC) can lead to a condition called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). This method has become more popular in recent years. A filamentous fossil (Proterocladus) from middle Neoproterozoic deposits (ca. Temporary psychological distress and confusion can occur, particularly among inexperienced users or if the user is feeling anxious or depressed. Articles wanted Linnaeus dedicated his Critica botanica to him, as "opus botanicum quo absolutius mundus non-vidit". More research is needed in this area. In 1783 Carl died and Sara inherited the collection, having outlived both her husband and son. Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally. Cannabis smokers sometimes do some unnecessary things involving breath-holding, either as part of smoking games or in the mistaken belief that holding in the smoke will get them higher, faster. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. University of Mississippi: “Marijuana Research. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. 18m at Empire Bingo in Swinton Road, Mexborough, near Doncaster. He spent the summers with his family at Hammarby; initially it only had a small one-storey house, but in 1762 a new, larger main building was added. Become guest writer Some studies state that while there is no proof for the gateway hypothesis,[273] young cannabis users should still be considered as a risk group for intervention programs. The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. Whether the drug and non-drug, cultivated and wild types of Cannabis constitute a single, highly variable species, or the genus is polytypic with more than one species, has been a subject of debate for well over two centuries. In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical cannabis. With long-term use, changes in the brain can occur that lead to problematic use, or cannabis use disorder. Guest post opportunities Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. Guest blogger [140] CBD also acts as an allosteric modulator of the μ- and δ-opioid receptors. The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. A person has an addiction when they cannot stop using a substance. Submit an article Modern taxonomy includes a rank of family between order and genus and a rank of phylum between kingdom and class that were not present in Linnaeus's original system. [94] Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Let’s start with common unwanted effects, things which might sound familiar to many people who have tried the drug. Blog for us A 2012 report from the Association of Chief Police Officers found that herbal cannabis cultivated in farms, often located in rented properties and commercial units, now makes up around 70 to 80 percent of the commercial supply. [82] The next year, he published Genera Plantarum, in which he described 935 genera of plants, and shortly thereafter he supplemented it with Corollarium Generum Plantarum, with another sixty (sexaginta) genera. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. As a practical matter, the Court is in agreement with the Government that smoking marijuana at religious rituals all day, every day appears abusive. Become an author ruderalis is short, branchless, and grows wild in Central Asia. These stories are often passed to ill people with good intentions, but they can be a dangerously persuasive mix of misinterpreted facts and total nonsense. Become guest writer This study estimated the total harm done by cannabis in 2010 in the UK. Specific city and county laws have been enacted to regulate how citizens and tourists may possess and consume marijuana. [4] It is difficult to predict the pharmacological response to cannabis because concentration of cannabinoids varies widely, as there are different ways of preparing it for consumption (smoked, applied as oils, eaten, infused into other foods, or drunk) and a lack of production controls. Submit guest article On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. Guest posts A 2012 report from the Association of Chief Police Officers found that herbal cannabis cultivated in farms, often located in rented properties and commercial units, now makes up around 70 to 80 percent of the commercial supply.


How Pot Affects Your Mind and Body want to write an article

Guest posts Countries that allow the medical use of whole-plant cannabis include Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, and Uruguay. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. Menu Close menu. Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. In October that same year, his wife and nine-month-old son followed him to live in Uppsala. If you're caught with cannabis and it's your second offence, the police can issue with a fixed-term fee notice, which is an on-the-spot fine for £80. Looking for guest posts Rosales comprise nine families, the type family being the rose family, Rosaceae. Several plants cause skin irritations when touched, such as poison ivy. Guest contributor guidelines [24][23] There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis,[28][29] though the direction of causality is debated. Become a guest blogger [202] It was used by Muslims in various Sufi orders as early as the Mamluk period, for example by the Qalandars. [92] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Sponsored post by Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. Guest posts wanted It is usually smoked in a long pipe called a sebsi. People who use large quantities of cannabis may become sedated or disoriented and may experience toxic psychosis -- not knowing who they are, where they are, or what time it is. Next, 11-OH-THC is metabolized in the liver into 11-COOH-THC, which is the second metabolic product of THC. Rudbeck's former assistant, Nils Rosén, returned to the University in March 1731 with a degree in medicine. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Cannabis-based products come from the dried flowering tops, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. Guest post A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. The Linnean Society of London has awarded the Linnean Medal for excellence in botany or zoology since 1888. Want to write for As of 2013, current studies suffer from the effects of bias, small sample size, and lack of long-term data. Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. Contribute to our site Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. Specific city and county laws have been enacted to regulate how citizens and tourists may possess and consume marijuana. According to Home Office statistics on drug use in from 2018  cannabis continues to be our most commonly used illegal drug, with 7. Guest article ruderalis may be included within C. sativa is the preferred choice by users. Guest poster wanted (consisting of cultivated plants), and C. Cannabis, like many organisms, is diploid, having a chromosome complement of 2n=20, although polyploid individuals have been artificially produced. THC Ministry sells a legal defense kit, as the members served prison time during USA prohibition: "Our Cannabis Sanctuary Kit provides you with proof of your legitimacy as a religious practitioner of Cannabis Sacrament. In rescheduling, the UN recognises that cannabis carries fewer risks than other Schedule IV drugs such as heroin. Become a guest blogger The parents picked Johan Telander, a son of a local yeoman. World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. Perhaps consider some or all of these questions:. This post was written by Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. Submit a guest post His lectures were popular, and Linnaeus often addressed an audience of 300 people. Submit an article [44][45] The rigorous scientific study of cannabis as a medicine has been hampered by production restrictions and by the fact that it is classified as an illegal drug by many governments.  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. [99] About 7,000 species of plant have been used for food, though most of today's food is derived from only 30 species. He and his wife, Mikki Norris, worked side by side for many years on marijuana activism, writing, and publishing. Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. The American Medical Association[153] and American College of Physicians[154] do not take a position on the legalization of medical cannabis, but have called for the Schedule I classification to be reviewed. [24][27] The effects last for two to six hours, depending on the amount used. Now it is clear that this is not true at all, about 9% of people that have used cannabis will become addicted. [103] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations. Publish your guest post The price or street value of cannabis varies widely depending on geographic area and potency. Write for us Cannabis is controlled as a class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Guest post- [100] Risk of adverse outcomes from cannabis use may be reduced by implementation of evidence-based education and intervention tools communicated to the public with practical regulation measures. Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention and memory, an increased risk of psychotic symptoms,[b] the inability to think clearly, and an increased risk of accidents. Guest post guidelines When people use cannabis, they may notice the following effects:. Submit article This is because CBD interacts with THC and reduces its “stoned” effects. See the etymology of the main entry. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. Guest posting guidelines "[166] This classification received criticism from other biologists such as Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Jacob Theodor Klein and Johann Georg Gmelin on the ground that it is illogical to describe man as human-like. [8][9] Others oppose its legalization, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. [136] The British botanist William T. , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. [188] Additionally, Linnaeus created a wastebasket taxon "monstrosus" for "wild and monstrous humans, unknown groups, and more or less abnormal people". Also, keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be inaccurately labeled. Guest contributor guidelines Penalties exist for driving while under the influence of marijuana. Suggest a post "Often extremely vulnerable people are recruited to look after the grows, living in appalling conditions full of fear. He set out from Uppsala on 12 June and returned on 11 August. CHS is considered a paradoxical effect, because use of cannabinoids typically decrease nausea and vomiting. In Buddhism, cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. This dehydration is now considered the fundamental cause of freezing injury. Want to write a post In China, the psychoactive properties of cannabis are described in the Shennong Bencaojing (3rd century AD). Guest poster wanted The discrepancies between studies may reflect greater long-term effects among heavier users relative to occasional users, and greater duration of effect among those with heavy use as adolescents compared to later in life. Submit post By Russell Hope, news reporter. Guest posters wanted This publication builds on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. Cannabis is also the most widely used illicit drug in the world and its use has been associated with various mental health problems, particularly in the young [Hall and Degenhardt, 2007; Degenhardt et al. Become guest writer [120][121][self-published source?] The plant is called Korakkar Mooli in the Tamil language, meaning Korakkar's herb. [47] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. Submit post In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. Children speak of neglect in US asylum camps. Submitting a guest post Before presenting the available evidence in the literature on the reasons for the varying effects of cannabis in different individuals, we will first review the present knowledge on the biochemistry of the cannabis plant and the endocannabinoid system. Want to write a post After his return, Linnaeus never left Sweden again. CBD is not the only compound which shows different effects to its main ingredient d-9-THC, a partial CB1R agonist. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. Algae comprise several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been included in the plant kingdom. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. Sometimes people just feel overwhelmed and might need to lie down for a bit, especially if they get more stoned than they intended to. Taking cannabis has the effects it has because it contains some unique drug chemicals called ‘cannabinoids’. Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. Become a contributor Pogge and Wissman, during their explorations of 1881, visited the Bashilenge, living on the northern borders of the Lundu, between Sankrua and Balua. Want to write an article Cannabis is an annual, dioecious, flowering herb. By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. Submit guest post [208] Canada criminalized cannabis in The Opium and Narcotic Drug Act, 1923,[209] before any reports of the use of the drug in Canada, but eventually legalized its consumption for recreational and medicinal purposes in 2018. Chlorophyll, a green-colored, magnesium-containing pigment is essential to this process; it is generally present in plant leaves, and often in other plant parts as well. marijuana legislation and regulation" and to "reflect the existing science behind cannabis". [139] It is related to the Persian kanab, the English canvas and possibly the English hemp (Old English hænep). Guest post opportunities Optimal plant growth can be hampered by grazing animals, suboptimal soil composition, lack of mycorrhizal fungi, and attacks by insects or plant diseases, including those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. This post was written by Especially for someone who has never taken cannabis before, the effects can be hard to predict, and can be unpleasant for some people. "The key here is about getting cannabinoids into the hands of patients, and the way you do that is through the drug development process," Lucas told CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe. Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. When heavy users do try to stop they can:. Drug Science is currently collecting data on medical cannabis with Project Twenty21, through which eligible people can access medical cannabis at a reduced price, while their treatment outcomes are analysed to gather evidence for the role of cannabis as a medicine and to help guide public health policy. Want to write a post [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. Some metabolites can be detected in the urine for up to 2 weeks following smoking or ingestion. However, not all components of cannabis are psychoactive. Guest posting 3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Guest post courtesy of Professors William Emboden, Loran Anderson, and Harvard botanist Richard E. He had turned his own estate into a microcosm of that 'world museum'. The four major compounds are d-9-THC, CBD, d-8-THC and cannabinol, which have been most researched [Pertwee, 1997, 2008; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012].


Cannabis industry guest posting

Rhamnales Rosanae Urticales[2]. A spokeswoman for Northern Powergrid said: "Tampering with electricity is extremely dangerous, not just for the perpetrator but also for those living in the local community, and can cause electrocution or fire which could cause life changing injuries or at worst be fatal. Trema (including Parasponia). Submit guest post [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. Cannabis can also be cooked into food (such as brownies). What Herodotus called the "hemp-seed" must have been the whole flowering tops of the plant, where the psychoactive resin is produced along with the fruit ("seeds"). Advanced cultivation techniques such as hydroponics, cloning, high-intensity artificial lighting, and the sea of green method are frequently employed as a response (in part) to prohibition enforcement efforts that make outdoor cultivation more risky. Guest blogger Therefore, better political choices could make cannabis safer overall. These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. Guest post by Cannabis sativa is dioecious: there are separate male and female plants. The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. Looking for guest posts [47] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis edibles. A 2007 meta analysis concluded that cannabis use reduced the average age of onset of psychosis by 2. Guest posts OCT's strategy is to develop cannabinoid pharmaceuticals for the nonaddictive treatment of pain conditions. [4] Dronabinol, synthetic THC, is listed as Schedule II. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). The very first compound isolated in pure form from the plant was cannabinol [Wood, 1899]. Submitting a guest post Most recently it has been shown that CB2Rs form heteromers with CB1Rs in the brain and the agonist coactivation of CB1Rs and CB2Rs results in negative crosstalk in AKT1 phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth [Callén et al. Guest post opportunities In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. Submit an article Like with joints, using tobacco in bongs increases the risk of nicotine dependence. 5% of the world population, consume cannabis (annual prevalence) compared with 0. Submit post The decision could drive more scientific research into the plant’s long-heralded medicinal properties and follows recommendations made by the World Health Organisation in 2019. In the US, men are over twice as likely to use marijuana as women, and 18–29-year-olds are six times more likely to use as over-65-year-olds. How long the effects last and the drug stays in your system depends on how much you’ve taken, your size, whether you’ve eaten and what other drugs you may have also taken. Guest poster wanted This disorder, in which a person experiences withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug, may affect about 30% of people who use cannabis, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). thinking people are plotting against you) delusions (e. Want to write an article In a study carried out by Potter and colleagues, when the potency of cannabis seized by police in England between the years of 1996/8 and 2004/5 were compared, the median content of d-9-THC was found to be 13. Cannabis varieties with lots of CBD (like most ‘hash’) might feel different (more relaxing, less confusing) and have a lower chance of causing harm, than cannabis varieties with little CBD (such as skunk). Hirata in 1924 that an XY sex-determination system is present. Last medically reviewed on June 30, 2020. [117] Although there is no evidence of ephedra being used by steppe tribes, they engaged in cultic use of hemp. [144] Commercial cannabinoid immunoassays, often employed as the initial screening method when testing physiological specimens for marijuana presence, have different degrees of cross-reactivity with THC and its metabolites. [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. It does affect your judgement though and people often think conversations or thoughts they have (whether good or bad) are much more deep or important when they’re stoned than they would do normally. Become an author [42] A PCR-based method for the detection of female-associated DNA polymorphisms by genotyping has been developed. Particularly over the past 15 years, such variants of the plant have been more widely available on the street ‘market’, which are usually referred to as ‘skunk’ or ‘sinsemilla’. [48] There are concerns surrounding memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, risk of schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. Write for us [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. Cannabis' efficacy is not clear in treating neurological problems, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and movement problems. The genus Cannabis contains two species which produce useful amounts of psychoactive cannabinoids: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, which are listed as Schedule I medicinal plants in the US;[4] a third species, Cannabis ruderalis, has few psychogenic properties. Blog for us In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. In North America, cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown for use in rope, clothing and paper. His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. He named a solanaceous genus, Scopolia, the source of scopolamine, after him, but because of the great distance between them, they never met. Guest post courtesy of Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. [38] Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. However, the number of people carrying this allele was small in this study. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Guest posts wanted [17] It has been reported that sex can be reversed in Cannabis using chemical treatment. Linnaeus was born in the village of Råshult in Småland, Sweden, on 23 May 1707. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Submit blog post How badly cannabis affects the lungs depends, of course, on how much someone uses it. Journal of Epilepsy Research: “Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Epilepsy: Hard Evidence at Last?”. Short-term use increases the risk of minor and major adverse effects. Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. Contribute to our site Some are beneficial, but others are more concerning. The Mexican term 'marijuana' is frequently used in referring to cannabis leaves or other crude plant material in many countries. Contribute to our site The growth rate of plants is extremely variable. Send your story ideas to yorkslincs. Submit article [90] Various surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 found that many users of cannabis substitute it for prescription drugs (including opioids), alcohol, and tobacco; most of those who used it in place of alcohol or tobacco either reduced or stopped their intake of the latter substances. Contributing writer Weed is detectable in bodily fluids for up to 30 days after last use. It has become clear that THC in cannabis should be added to this list. Submit guest article This is the oldest documentation of cannabis as a pharmacologically active agent. [48] There are concerns surrounding memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, risk of schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. Cookies policy | Privacy policy | Terms and conditions | Contact us | Links. Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. Guest posters wanted [277][278] Studies have shown that alcohol and tobacco may additionally be regarded as gateway drugs;[279] however, a more parsimonious explanation could be that cannabis is simply more readily available (and at an earlier age) than illegal hard drugs. Regular users sometimes notice that cannabis is damaging their physical or mental wellbeing, others feel it holds them back from fulfilling their potential. Guest posting rules The method of obtaining medical cannabis varies by region and by legislation. … The Scythians, as I said, take some of this hemp-seed, and, creeping under the felt coverings, throw it upon the red-hot stones; immediately it smokes, and gives out such a vapour as no Grecian vapour-bath can exceed; the Scyths, delighted, shout for joy, and this vapour serves them instead of a water-bath; for they never by any chance wash their bodies with water. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. Contributing writer Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. [127] He suffered a second stroke in 1776, losing the use of his right side and leaving him bereft of his memory; while still able to admire his own writings, he could not recognise himself as their author. Submit guest article [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. An international team demonstrated that this material contained tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive component of cannabis. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. At the time, it was common for Swedes to pursue doctoral degrees in the Netherlands, then a highly revered place to study natural history. [76] It eventually became, as it is claimed, the biggest playground in Europe. Guest posting rules 3rd century BCE) Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 (or ju 苴) "female Cannabis". Not everyone’s experience with marijuana is pleasant. Submit content [30] Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis. The remains of fossil plants are not as common as fossil animals, although plant fossils are locally abundant in many regions worldwide. Contributing writer Breeders, seed companies, and cultivators of drug type Cannabis often describe the ancestry or gross phenotypic characteristics of cultivars by categorizing them as "pure indica", "mostly indica", "indica/sativa", "mostly sativa", or "pure sativa". More research is needed to be sure about this. [130][131] Other organized religions founded in the 20th century that treat Cannabis as a sacrament are the THC Ministry,[132] Cantheism,[133] the Cannabis Assembly[134] and the Church of Cognizance. Weeds are unwanted plants growing in managed environments such as farms, urban areas, gardens, lawns, and parks. If you need support with giving up cannabis:. Nemours Foundation: “Marijuana. Guest post- Pregnant women who continue to smoke cannabis are probably at greater risk of giving birth to low birthweight babies. [54] Aside from a subjective change in perception and mood, the most common short-term physical and neurological effects include increased heart rate, increased appetite and consumption of food, lowered blood pressure, impairment of short-term and working memory,[55][56] psychomotor coordination, and concentration. Guest post opportunities The British company, which specializes in pain-alleviating cannabinoid drug development, raised gross proceeds of £16. The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. Many orchids, bromeliads, ferns and mosses often grow as epiphytes. [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. Guest post courtesy of In the second place, we must remember that nearly all the other and more important differences between man and the Quadrumana are manifestly adaptive in their nature, and relate chiefly to the erect position of man; such as the structure of his hand, foot, and pelvis, the curvature of his spine, and the position of his head. Female plants of this chemotype may produce enough THC to be utilized for drug production. Keep in mind that while cannabis comes from a plant and is considered natural, it can still have strong effects, both positive and negative. Can a ‘double standard’ in paediatric medicine provide a framework to restructure repressive medical cannabis policies?. What are the effects of secondhand cannabis smoke?. Is cannabis an answer to entering the land of sleep? From strains to timing, here’s what you need to know about cannabis as a nightcap. [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. In Exodus 30:23 of the Bible, God directed Moses to make a holy oil composed of “myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm and kassia”.


Cannabis (drug) articles wanted

Submit article However, additional states continue to undertake or pursue citizen petitions in the future to legalize the recreational use of cannabis. The genus Cannabis contains two species which produce useful amounts of psychoactive cannabinoids: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, which are listed as Schedule I medicinal plants in the US;[4] a third species, Cannabis ruderalis, has few psychogenic properties. Guest posts wanted Cannabis may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. Guest posting guidelines Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. The xylem moves water and minerals from the root to the rest of the plant, and the phloem provides the roots with sugars and other nutrient produced by the leaves. Submit your content Linnaeus and the students stayed on Gotland for about a month, and then returned to Uppsala. Guest blogger guidelines [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). Guest post- Next to his own collection he had also built up a museum for the university of Uppsala, which was supplied by material donated by Carl Gyllenborg (in 1744–1745), crown-prince Adolf Fredrik (in 1745), Erik Petreus (in 1746), Claes Grill (in 1746), Magnus Lagerström (in 1748 and 1750) and Jonas Alströmer (in 1749). Become an author The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. Widely cultivated strains of cannabis, such as "Afghani" or "Hindu Kush", are indigenous to the Pakistan and Afghanistan regions, while "Durban Poison" is native to Africa. [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Articles wanted During a visit with his parents, Linnaeus told them about his plan to travel to Lapland; Rudbeck had made the journey in 1695, but the detailed results of his exploration were lost in a fire seven years afterwards. Suggest a post "Cannabis farms generate essential income that drives OCG activity, it's not a 'harmless' drug in any way, shape or form. In Flora Lapponica Linnaeus's ideas about nomenclature and classification were first used in a practical way, making this the first proto-modern Flora. If you’re caught driving under the influence, you may receive a heavy fine, driving ban, or prison sentence. [41] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Using cannabis when pregnant could have effects on the foetus. Linnaeus classified humans among the primates beginning with the first edition of Systema Naturae. Contributor guidelines [26] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten. Submit content Compelling evidence for the existence of CB1R heteromers in striatal dendritic spines of striatal GABAergic efferent neurons, particularly at a postsynaptic location, has also been reported [Ferré et al. OCT's strategy is to develop cannabinoid pharmaceuticals for the nonaddictive treatment of pain conditions. For instance, the odds of addiction are 1 in 6 if you use pot in your teens. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Rosales is an order that falls under the kingdom of Plantae. Want to contribute to our website In ancient China shamans were known as wu. Guest post policy D-9-THC caused transient psychotic symptoms and increased the levels of anxiety, intoxication and sedation, whilst CBD had no significant effect on behaviour or these parameters. While they inhabit a multitude of biomes and ecoregions, few can be found beyond the tundras at the northernmost regions of continental shelves. Submit guest post These varieties were assumed to have sex chromosome composition XX. Become an author [78] Eventually, both routes of metabolism result in the metabolism of psychoactive THC to inactive 11-COOH-THC. Become a contributor The fruit can be an achene or a drupe. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. 1 oz) or less was made a misdemeanor. Looking for guest posts [105] In 2001, Canada became the first country to adopt a system regulating the medical use of cannabis. Even more recently has been the emergence of an entirely new religious philosophy: cantheism. At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. This post was written by Funding: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Combining alcohol and pot at the same time roughly doubled the odds of drunk driving or legal, professional, or personal problems compared to drinking alone. [103] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels".   Learn more about how to spot the signs of marijuana addiction. The expedition was similar to the previous journeys in most aspects, but this time he was also ordered to find the best place to grow walnut and Swedish whitebeam trees; these trees were used by the military to make rifles. 5% of people in the UK use cannabis regularly [Atha, 2005]. Guest post: There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. Though the agreement was only for a winter of that year, Linnaeus practically stayed there until 1738. Sponsored post By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. Another way is by understanding the relative THC content of the cannabis you smoke. Contribute to our site Medical Cannabis improves Quality of Life by over 50% - Preliminary Results from Project Twenty21. Empaveli (pegcetacoplan) is a targeted C3 inhibitor for the treatment of. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. cannabis (countable and uncountable, plural cannabises). Guest post courtesy of Cannabis is not effective at treating chronic cancer pain. (2004), ‘Drugs of abuse’, in: Moffat, A. Become guest writer Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','//www. They are precursors to cannabinoids. Guest post: Hemp is an English name for the cannabis plant. Sponsored post During his stay, Linnaeus helped Burman with his Thesaurus Zeylanicus. Weed is detectable in bodily fluids for up to 30 days after last use. Sponsored post by However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. His work at Hartekamp led to another book, Hortus Cliffortianus, a catalogue of the botanical holdings in the herbarium and botanical garden of Hartekamp. However, there are many successful and intelligent cannabis users. Submit guest article In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize growing, sale and use of cannabis. Become a contributor Drug Science is currently collecting data on medical cannabis with Project Twenty21, through which eligible people can access medical cannabis at a reduced price, while their treatment outcomes are analysed to gather evidence for the role of cannabis as a medicine and to help guide public health policy. Become a contributor It also contained information of how to keep a journal on travels and how to maintain a botanical garden. Regularly smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of a baby being born small or premature. This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. [178] Swedish historian Gunnar Broberg states that the new human species Linnaeus described were actually simians or native people clad in skins to frighten colonial settlers, whose appearance had been exaggerated in accounts to Linnaeus. [87][88] However, maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy does not appear to be associated with low birth weight or early delivery after controlling for tobacco use and other confounding factors. Contributing writer Growing cannabis or selling it to others can result in more serious consequences. Guest post opportunities [45] He travelled on foot and horse, bringing with him his journal, botanical and ornithological manuscripts and sheets of paper for pressing plants. Since the beginning of the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws against the cultivation, possession or transfer of cannabis. Guest-blogger He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. Our war heroes were the folks who refused to go, our support and defense of the soldiers was real, we will stop the War to protect and save everyone. The relation between the museum and the private collection was not formalised and the steady flow of material from Linnean pupils were incorporated to the private collection rather than to the museum. Become an author [41] Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. While cannabis (marijuana) remains a federal DEA Schedule 1 controlled substance, research has resulted in development and marketing of medications which are synthetic prescription cannabinoid products. [5] Green plants provide a substantial proportion of the world's molecular oxygen,[6] and are the basis of most of Earth's ecosystems. If you’re curious about trying cannabis, start by checking whether it’s legal in your area. The average ‘reefer’ cigarette contains around 200 mg of herbal cannabis or cannabis resin. Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. Cannabis-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Want to write a post [237] Indian laws criminalizing cannabis date back to the colonial period. Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. Whenever he was upset, he was given a flower, which immediately calmed him. [99] The same year he was elected member of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin. In contrast, most other algae (e. For example, Catherine II of Russia sent him seeds from her country. Contribute to our site You also can mix pot into brownies, cookies, candy, tea, and other foods. [108] It is thought that his activism played a role in his choice of the term Mammalia for the class of organisms. [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. [93]:56–57 His lectures were normally very popular and were often held in the Botanical Garden. Accepting guest posts In 1785, noted evolutionary biologist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck published a description of a second species of Cannabis, which he named Cannabis indica Lam. Writers wanted Advanced cultivation techniques such as hydroponics, cloning, high-intensity artificial lighting, and the sea of green method are frequently employed as a response (in part) to prohibition enforcement efforts that make outdoor cultivation more risky. Finding groups who are vulnerable is particularly important so that they can be targeted for early preventative and therapeutic interventions. Looking for guest posts The theological concerns were twofold: first, putting man at the same level as monkeys or apes would lower the spiritually higher position that man was assumed to have in the great chain of being, and second, because the Bible says man was created in the image of God[169] (theomorphism), if monkeys/apes and humans were not distinctly and separately designed, that would mean monkeys and apes were created in the image of God as well. Guest post by Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis (marijuana). Like with joints, using tobacco in bongs increases the risk of nicotine dependence. Guest posting rules The leaves and male plants have less THC, while the stalks and seeds contain almost none. Contributor guidelines Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary chloroplasts that appear to be derived directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria, although they differ from Viridiplantae in the pigments which are used in photosynthesis and so are different in colour. Guest column State becomes the 16th in the US to allow marijuana sales after lawmakers broker agreement. Cannabis' efficacy is not clear in treating neurological problems, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and movement problems. In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a medication that derives from cannabis, to treat two rare and severe types of epilepsy that do not respond well to other treatments. Guest poster wanted indica into subspecies or varieties. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). Withdrawal symptoms are rarely a problem with controlled medical administration of cannabinoids.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London submit content

Algae comprise several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been included in the plant kingdom. Police find £6m cannabis farm in disused factory. This is a guest post by [16] There is no consistent evidence that it helps with chronic pain and muscle spasms. Contributing writer It will be the same to me whatever name we apply. [103] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations. An increasing number of countries are making cannabis legal for medicinal uses and on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is legal in the UK too and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors from 1 November 2018. Guest posting guidelines The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. Guest post by [73][74] On 24 September 1735, Linnaeus moved to Hartekamp to become personal physician to Clifford, and curator of Clifford's herbarium. Sponsored post: He returned from his six-month-long, over 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) expedition in October, having gathered and observed many plants, birds and rocks. Guest post opportunities It is also an offence to allow premises to be used for producing, supplying or smoking cannabis. Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. The Ancient Greeks used cannabis to dress wounds and sores on their horses,[94] and in humans, dried leaves of cannabis were used to treat nose bleeds, and cannabis seeds were used to expel tapeworms. Medical marijuana comes in various forms for use, including oil, tablet or capsule, liquid that can be vaporized, nasal spray, and the traditional dried leaves and buds thay can be smoked or taken as edibles. Want to write a post The most common uses for medical cannabis include for severe or long-term pain, nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy (cancer treatments), and painful muscle spasms. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. [41] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Guest posting guidelines But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. An extract of cannabis (Sativex) has been licensed in Canada. [64] However, many taxonomists found these putative species difficult to distinguish. Guest post: Regularly using drugs such as cannabis can hold someone back simply by using up their time, and re-ordering their priorities, even if the drug itself doesn’t damage the brain. Submit blog post There are also other difficulties in researching the effects of cannabis. [4][141] Marijuana vending machines for selling or dispensing cannabis are in use in the United States and are planned to be used in Canada. Not seen in the UK very much anymore. Bhang, black, blast, blow, blunts, Bob Hope, bush, dope, draw, ganga, grass, hash, hashish, hemp, herb, marijuana, pot, puff, Northern Lights, resin, sensi, sensemilla, skunk, smoke, spliff, wacky backy, weed, zero etc. Linnaeus believed that man biologically belongs to the animal kingdom and had to be included in it. [164][165][166][167] This is the most widely consumed form,[167] containing 3% to 20% THC,[168] with reports of up to 33% THC. In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. [4][141] Marijuana vending machines for selling or dispensing cannabis are in use in the United States and are planned to be used in Canada. Become a contributor [64] The authors hypothesized that the two subspecies diverged primarily as a result of human selection; C. Kief collected from a coffee grinder. Become an author Researchers, from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, found that plants have a specific memory for varying light conditions, which prepares their immune systems against seasonal pathogens. However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. On more degradation CBN is formed. Both animal and human studies indicate that CBD has anxiolytic properties. Accepting guest posts [72] Rectal administration in monkeys doubled bioavailability to 13. Stearn designated Linnaeus to be the lectotype of H. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main structural component of the plant. Cantheism is a word that signifies any and all attitudes towards the cannabis plant as a religious experience. Submit guest article However, they did not divide C. [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). The justice of this conclusion will be admitted: for in the first place, we must bear in mind the comparative insignificance for classification of the great development of the brain in man, and that the strongly marked differences between the skulls of man and the Quadrumana (lately insisted upon by Bischoff, Aeby, and others) apparently follow from their differently developed brains. It is not clear whether cannabis use affects the rate of suicide. Guest posting guidelines Other conditions that it may be helpful for include:. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. These binomials could serve as a label to refer to the species. Guest post These unpleasant but usually harmless feelings (called palpitations and tachycardia) can be scary, especially as cannabis can make sensations feel more intense than usual, and make anxiety worse. Hemp and cannabis, the botanical name assigned in the mid-eighteenth century, describe the entire cannabis plant for all its uses. The term hemp is used to name the durable soft fiber from the Cannabis plant stem (stalk). Submit an article You could also grow physically dependent on marijuana. Particularly over the past 15 years, such variants of the plant have been more widely available on the street ‘market’, which are usually referred to as ‘skunk’ or ‘sinsemilla’. Submit blog post LONDON — Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, which enjoys backing from rapper Snoop Dogg and tobacco giant Imperial Brands, launched Friday on the London Stock Exchange. [68] Both received approval for sale in the US in 1985, under the brand names Marinol and Cesamet. Contributor guidelines According to the competitive exclusion principle, when environmental resources are limited, species cannot occupy nor be supported by identical niches. Guest-post Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. Guest-post It varies in color from black to golden brown depending upon purity and variety of cultivar it was obtained from. [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Looking for guest posts Due to its higher THC content, C. Sponsored post by [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. Guest post opportunities Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. Become guest writer The leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. Looking for guest posts [147] Meanwhile, a 13th edition of the entire Systema appeared in parts between 1788 and 1793. [89] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Submit content We have written blog post on this topic. European Drug Report 2020: Trends and Developments (September 2020). Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name, for the hemp plant. [160] Below the rank of species he sometimes recognised taxa of a lower (unnamed) rank; these have since acquired standardised names such as variety in botany and subspecies in zoology. Cannabis is mostly used recreationally or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes. Guest author Although global abnormalities in white matter and grey matter are not associated with heavy cannabis use, reduced hippocampal volume is consistently found. Project Twenty21 - February Update. Guest post- "[13] Li suggested shamans in Northeast Asia transmitted the medical and spiritual uses of cannabis to the ancient Chinese wu 巫 "shaman; spirit medium; doctor". Cannabis use has been falling; most people in the UK (more than two out of three) have never tried cannabis, but it’s still the most popular illegal drug. sativa, some scientists consider the genus as including a second species, C. Submit blog post [152] However, the AAP also supports rescheduling for the purpose of facilitating research. Guest posters wanted The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). Impact of COVID-19 on drug services and help-seeking in Europe (May 2020). Linnaeus and the students stayed on Gotland for about a month, and then returned to Uppsala. Guest blogger guidelines If someone does feel ill, it usually doesn’t last long and the person may recover faster if they lie down with their feet up. marijuana legislation and regulation" and to "reflect the existing science behind cannabis". Guest poster wanted [26] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo sporophyte develops inside the ovule. Want to write an article This seems to be a short-term effect that lasts for 24 hours or longer after you stop smoking. Submit post [158] During the 18th century expansion of natural history knowledge, Linnaeus also developed what became known as the Linnaean taxonomy; the system of scientific classification now widely used in the biological sciences. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain. Guest blogger [256] In 2001, Nevada reduced marijuana possession to a misdemeanor and since 2012, several other states have decriminalized and even legalized marijuana. Carl's father was the first in his ancestry to adopt a permanent surname. Many animals pollinate flowers in exchange for food in the form of pollen or nectar. Guest post courtesy of Most interest in the adverse properties of cannabis has centred on its association with schizophrenia, although it is still unclear if there is a causative relation between mental health and cannabis. Submit guest post His reputation had spread over the world, and he corresponded with many different people. Borrowed from Latin cannabis (“hemp”), from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that relates to feelings of pleasure. Guest post guidelines Boerhaave offered him a journey to South Africa and America, but Linnaeus declined, stating he would not stand the heat. Want to write an article [237] Indian laws criminalizing cannabis date back to the colonial period. A doctor can be a good person to ask for advice. [5] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. Guest article In July 1736, Linnaeus travelled to England, at Clifford's expense. Others even experience withdrawal symptoms when not using cannabis, such as irritability, low appetite, and mood swings. [34] According to other researchers, no modern karyotype of Cannabis had been published as of 1996. At freezing temperatures, water in the intercellular spaces of plant tissue freezes first, though the water may remain unfrozen until temperatures drop below −7 °C (19 °F). ruderalis is short, branchless, and grows wild in Central Asia. Submit post It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimise the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!. Guest posting rules People who start using cannabis in their teens may also have a higher risk for mental health issues later in life, including schizophrenia. Guest blogger The method of obtaining medical cannabis varies by region and by legislation. [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Guest posters wanted [87] The botanist Hui-lin Li wrote that in China, "The use of Cannabis in medicine was probably a very early development. Guest-blogger It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped in pregnancy. Writers wanted Some of the ingredients in cannabis are psychoactive (mind-altering), but others are not. "Skunk" refers to several named strains of potent cannabis, grown through selective breeding and sometimes hydroponics.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London articles wanted

Become lethargic and unmotivated. [111][110][112] Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB1 receptors. Guest-blogger Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. Want to contribute to our website The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). Want to write a post Indoor growing systems may be detectable by police helicopters using thermal imaging equipment, while high intensity lights cause unusually large electricity bills. Guest author If you need support with giving up cannabis:. Guest post- A 2012 review found that the THC content in marijuana had increased worldwide from 1970 to 2009. In the US, men are over twice as likely to use marijuana as women, and 18–29-year-olds are six times more likely to use as over-65-year-olds. In 2005, a genetic analysis of the same set of accessions led to a three-species classification, recognizing C. Tiny samples of Cannabis plants also can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment. Blog for us is controlled at the state level. [94] Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[2][7][8][4]. Short-term use increases both minor and major adverse effects. The young shoots are used as vegetable. Vascular plants differ from other plants in that nutrients are transported between their different parts through specialized structures, called xylem and phloem. [4] It is also approved in several European countries for overactive bladder and vomiting. Become a contributor Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:. Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. Scientists conducting this kind of research, which is one of the things we do at Drug Science, argue that this is a reasonable and high-quality way of understanding how well a drug is doing. For good quality herbal cannabis the price rose to £55, while for resin cannabis the average price was £27. Become an author Perhaps the most famous and successful apostle was Carl Peter Thunberg, who embarked on a nine-year expedition in 1770. Accepting guest posts [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. [4] It is difficult to predict the pharmacological response to cannabis because concentration of cannabinoids varies widely, as there are different ways of preparing it for consumption (smoked, applied as oils, eaten, infused into other foods, or drunk) and a lack of production controls. It is just like a knife; a surgeon can use one kind of knife to make a sick person better, or a healthy person can accidentally harm themselves with a knife. Plant cells are typically distinguished by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. Submit blog post [94] Having optimal space makes it more likely that leaves are exposed to sufficient amounts of sunlight and are not overcrowded in order for photosynthesis to occur. Fifteen US states and Washington, D. The pharmacopoeia of Dioscorides, De Materia Medica, describing some 600 medicinal plants, was written between 50 and 70 AD and remained in use in Europe and the Middle East until around 1600 AD; it was the precursor of all modern pharmacopoeias. Guest posting It is likely that the higher THC content allows people to ingest less tar. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. It is not known when Rastafari first claimed cannabis to be sacred, but it is clear that by the late 1940s Rastafari was associated with cannabis smoking at the Pinnacle community of Leonard Howell. Submit guest post Using cannabis with lots of CBD in it, like most types of hash, might not be linked to psychosis at all. [81] The largest plant genome (in terms of gene number) is that of wheat (Triticum asestivum), predicted to encode ≈94,000 genes[82] and thus almost 5 times as many as the human genome. 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. Clifford was very impressed with Linnaeus's ability to classify plants, and invited him to become his physician and superintendent of his garden. Submit guest article It can be addictive, and it may be harmful to some people’s health. Submit your content [156] The American Cancer Society[157] and American Psychological Association[158] have noted the obstacles that exist for conducting research on cannabis, and have called on the federal government to better enable scientific study of the drug. It often can leave you anxious, afraid, or panicked. They are precursors to cannabinoids. [72] The DNA damage response is particularly important during seed germination, since seed quality tends to deteriorate with age in association with DNA damage accumulation. Guest blogger guidelines A doctor can also help you weigh the potential benefits and risks to your health.  'seed'), as the ovules and subsequent seeds are not enclosed in a protective structure (carpels or fruit), but are borne naked, typically on cone scales. Guest poster wanted It’s common for people to try cannabis and not want to use it again. Linnaeus was very fond of him, promising Solander his eldest daughter's hand in marriage. The drug use must be "implicated" in the emergency department visit, but does not need to be the direct cause of the visit. [157][158] Extracts such as hashish and hash oil typically contain more THC than high potency cannabis infructescences. Looking for guest posts Extremely hot showers and topical capsaicin cream have been found to relieve symptoms of CHS, but exactly why this occurs is not known. Guest posting He spent the summers with his family at Hammarby; initially it only had a small one-storey house, but in 1762 a new, larger main building was added. Guest author Most plant groups were relatively unscathed by the Permo-Triassic extinction event, although the structures of communities changed. The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. Guest contributor guidelines Is CBD legal? Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0. On the way home, he stayed in Paris for about a month, visiting botanists such as Antoine de Jussieu. Want to write for Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. 2 of these – tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) – are the active ingredients of a prescription drug called Sativex. They mainly live in habitats where moisture is available for significant periods, although some species, such as Targionia, are desiccation-tolerant. Drug Testing and Synthetic Cannabis in Prisons. Contributing writer The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. Want to write for Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. 4 million) in its initial public offering, with a starting market value of just over £48 million ($69. Submit content We replaced alcohol with marijuana and that made all of the difference. Cannabis is made up of more than 120 components, which are known as cannabinoids. About 85–90% of all plants are flowering plants. An analysis by Drug Science which added up and compared the harm caused by 20 different drugs in the UK placed cannabis roughly in the middle; it causes more harm to society than several other illegal drugs (mostly because there are many more users) but less harm to its users than the legal drugs tobacco and alcohol, both of which have a higher potential to cause serious illness and death. It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimise the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!. "The key here is about getting cannabinoids into the hands of patients, and the way you do that is through the drug development process," Lucas told CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe. Want to write for However, cannabis affects people differently and therefore it is important to understand what makes someone more at risk and how they differ compared with those who do not develop psychotic illness. [31][32] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections. Submit article [96]:19–22 Harvesting the plant led to the spread of cannabis throughout Eurasia about 10,000 to 5,000 years ago, with further distribution to the Middle East and Africa about 2,000 to 500 years ago. At freezing temperatures, water in the intercellular spaces of plant tissue freezes first, though the water may remain unfrozen until temperatures drop below −7 °C (19 °F). Some users may experience an episode of acute psychosis, which usually abates after six hours, but in rare instances, heavy users may find the symptoms continuing for many days. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. Broberg thought Linnaeus was trying to offer a natural explanation and demystify the world of superstition. [63] Lamarck based his description of the newly named species on plant specimens collected in India. Submit guest post Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". Cannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. While it is true that most people who use heroin will have previously used cannabis, they are also likely to have smoked tobacco and consumed alcohol. Submit post This is a tiny risk that is not relevant to most users, but people with health problems (like an irregular heartbeat) should always be aware that drugs might have greater risks to them. Guest blogger Cannabis is taken to facilitate meditation and also heighten awareness of all aspects of the ceremony, with a large oral dosage being taken in time with the ceremony so that the climax of the "high" coincides with the climax of the ceremony. Contributor guidelines The family moved into the rectory from the curate's house. Articles wanted Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. "The medical cannabis, the problem with that is that physicians cannot prescribe it, so we want a drug product that we can get into the hands of physicians, into the hands of patients. Contributing writer [68] When sold under the trade name Sativex as a mouth spray, the prescribed daily dose in Sweden delivers a maximum of 32. The baby might weigh less when it is born, and the child might have a bigger chance of having behaviour problems and doing worse at school as it grows up. Become a contributor By some classifications, the genus Cannabis comprises a single species, hemp (Cannabis sativa), a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb that originated in Central Asia and is now cultivated worldwide. A related alternative to the gateway hypothesis is the common liability to addiction (CLA) theory. At an epidemiological level, a dose–response relationship exists between cannabis use and increased risk of psychosis[28][123][124][125] and earlier onset of psychosis. Miller ultimately was impressed, and from then on started to arrange the garden according to Linnaeus's system. Empaveli (pegcetacoplan) is a targeted C3 inhibitor for the treatment of. Guest-blogger Kief is a powder, rich in trichomes,[172] which can be sifted from the leaves, flowers and fruits of cannabis plants and either consumed in powder form or compressed to produce cakes of hashish. Medicinal plants are a primary source of organic compounds, both for their medicinal and physiological effects, and for the industrial synthesis of a vast array of organic chemicals. Incident light that stimulates a chemical reaction in one leaf, will cause a chain reaction of signals to the entire plant via a type of cell termed a bundle sheath cell. He recommended the substance for many ailments, including constipation, gout, rheumatism, and absent-mindedness. Looking for guest posts [220] Cannabis is rich in terpenes too. On decarboxylation the following major cannabinoids THC, CBD, CBC, CBCV, CBDV, CBGV, THCV are formed. This effect can be a result of a rapid drop in blood pressure. Guest author They greeted each other with the expression "moio", meaning both "hemp" and "life. Compelling evidence for the existence of CB1R heteromers in striatal dendritic spines of striatal GABAergic efferent neurons, particularly at a postsynaptic location, has also been reported [Ferré et al. [7] Other cannabinoids include delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG); they have less psychotropic effects than THC, but may play a role in the overall effect of cannabis. On 17 October 2015, Australian health minister Sussan Ley presented a new law that will allow the cultivation of cannabis for scientific research and medical trials on patients. Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. The baby might weigh less when it is born, and the child might have a bigger chance of having behaviour problems and doing worse at school as it grows up.


Cannabis drug profile sponsored post:

Submit a guest post Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. indica is shorter, conical in shape, and has relatively wide leaflets, and C. Enterprising attorneys for the defense in a few drug busts argued that the seized Cannabis material may not have been C. "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. He had turned his own estate into a microcosm of that 'world museum'. Want to write a post In the US, most consumers grow their own or buy it from cannabis dispensaries in states where it is legal. Want to write for Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. Guest posts [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. Contribute to this site Have problems concentrating and learning new information. Submit guest article [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. Become guest writer [91] The ancient Egyptians used hemp (cannabis) in suppositories for relieving the pain of hemorrhoids. Guest posting Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. Suggest a post Like some other cannabis concentrates, it contains a much higher concentration of THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids, such as than that of the cannabis infructescences from which it is derived. Follow BBC East Yorkshire and Lincolnshire on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. [256] In 2001, Nevada reduced marijuana possession to a misdemeanor and since 2012, several other states have decriminalized and even legalized marijuana. Suggest a post [6] In their APG III system of plant classification, they defined Rosales as consisting of the nine families listed in the box on the right. Contributor guidelines Toronto lockdown: A year without indoor dining. In contrast, most other algae (e. The first edition of Systema Naturae was printed in the Netherlands in 1735. Submit a guest post [96]:45–48 There are approximately 16 landrace strains of cannabis identified from Pakistan, Jamaica, Africa, Mexico, Central America and Asia. Guest posts Relative to inhaled consumption, peak concentration of oral THC is delayed, and it may be difficult to determine optimal dosage because of variability in patient absorption. The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. The Cannabis plant has a history of medicinal use dating back thousands of years in many cultures. Vaporisers heat up the cannabis hot enough that the cannabinoids and some other substances evaporate and can be inhaled, but not so hot that the plant material is burnt. Stearn notes, without Linnaeus's new system, it would not have been possible for the apostles to collect and organise so many new specimens. Some of the sport's biggest names on why they love it and how they 'found it'. Want to write an article His work at Hartekamp led to another book, Hortus Cliffortianus, a catalogue of the botanical holdings in the herbarium and botanical garden of Hartekamp. Become a guest blogger You can use pot in a variety of ways. [24] Cannabis was used in Africa to restore appetite and relieve pain of hemorrhoids. Want to write a post 'My Instagram account gave me confidence and purpose'. Guest author Molecular data from 1990s onwards showed that these families were actually embedded within the order Rosales, so that from the first classification by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in 1998, they were placed in an expanded Rosales, forming a group which has been called "urticalean rosids". The order Rosales is strongly supported as monophyletic in phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences, such as those carried out by members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Suggest a post Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies emerged from university research project into potential treatments. [1] The relationships of these families were uncertain until 2011, when they were resolved in a molecular phylogenetic study based on two nuclear genes and ten chloroplast genes. Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. These two species are also sometimes treated as subspecies of C. Recently, there has been growing interest in looking at real world accounts of these people and reporting on how medical cannabis has helped them. Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Want to write a post Rybrevant (amivantamab-vmjw) is a bispecific EGF receptor-directed and MET. Lannerus noticed Linnaeus's interest in botany and gave him the run of his garden. The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. One, Cryptogamia, included all the plants with concealed reproductive parts (algae, fungi, mosses and liverworts and ferns). Become a guest blogger [54] The account covered 534 species, used the Linnaean classification system and included, for the described species, geographical distribution and taxonomic notes. He only fully changed to the Linnaean system in the edition of The Gardeners Dictionary of 1768. [92] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Articles wanted When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts. Guest post courtesy of Stored THC is released very slowly, and unevenly, back into the bloodstream. The most psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC). This helps avoid detection but reduces the CBD production of the plant. Cannabis cigarettes may be termed reefers, joints or spliffs. Guest post by The rate goes up to one in six among those who begin use as adolescents, and one-quarter to one-half of those who use it daily according to a NIDA review. Suggest a post Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully parasitic broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no chlorophyll. [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. The cause of the persistent vomiting is not known, but may involve alterations in central neurotransmitters and interactions with cannabidiol receptors also found in the stomach. Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. Contribute to this site [90] Various surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 found that many users of cannabis substitute it for prescription drugs (including opioids), alcohol, and tobacco; most of those who used it in place of alcohol or tobacco either reduced or stopped their intake of the latter substances. Medicinal plants are a primary source of organic compounds, both for their medicinal and physiological effects, and for the industrial synthesis of a vast array of organic chemicals. Guest post: The Linnean Society of London has awarded the Linnean Medal for excellence in botany or zoology since 1888. Hop (Humulus lupulus) has been the predominant bittering agent of beer for hundreds of years. Plants figure prominently in mythology, religion and literature. These statistics include visits in which the patient was treated for a condition induced by or related to recent cannabis use. [3] It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. Daniel Solander was living in Linnaeus's house during his time as a student in Uppsala. Become guest writer Legalization coupled with Canadian government (Health Canada) oversight of production and labelling will likely result in more—and more accurate—testing to determine exact strains and content. What's the risk of Covid on public transport?. Become a contributor It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use. They were the ancestors of modern gymnosperms, of which four surviving groups are widespread today, particularly the conifers, which are dominant trees in several biomes. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. Another study by Drug Science also looked at how changing governmental legislation on cannabis can reduce harm to users and found that state control of cannabis was the best policy to minimise drug harms. Contribute to our site Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. Our group carried out a number of double-blind, pseudo-randomized studies on healthy volunteers who had previous minimal exposure to cannabis. [117] A 2012 meta-analysis found that deficits in most domains of cognition persisted beyond the acute period of intoxication, but was not evident in studies where subjects were abstinent for more than 25 days. Guest contributor guidelines Cannabis is a natural product, the main psychoactive constituent of which is tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC). There were initiation rites for new members which usually took place before a war or long journey. Publish your guest post [103] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. Analysis shows 43 out of 59 companies in major marijuana funds were lossmaking. Rosales comprise nine families, the type family being the rose family, Rosaceae. Each tribesman was required to participate in the cult of Riamba and show his devotion by smoking as frequently as possible. The effect of cannabinoids from cannabis on the endocannabinoid system doesn’t entirely explain how cannabis users feel and act when they are stoned. [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. This is a guest post by But using pot heavily, especially in your teen years, may leave more permanent effects. 440 BCE) Greek Histories of Herodotus record the early Scythians using cannabis steam baths. Guest author Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies emerged from university research project into potential treatments. [4] As of 2012, more than 20 cannabinoids were being studied by the U. [21] Although supporters of medical cannabis say that it is safe,[35] further research is required to assess the long-term safety of its use. This journey was postponed, as Linnaeus felt too busy. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. In most cases where the XY system is found it is believed to have evolved recently and independently. Writers wanted There are also other difficulties in researching the effects of cannabis. Kief is a powder, rich in trichomes,[172] which can be sifted from the leaves, flowers and fruits of cannabis plants and either consumed in powder form or compressed to produce cakes of hashish. Guest post Streptophyte algae are either unicellular or form multicellular filaments, branched or unbranched. For reasons including increased popular support of cannabis use, a trend of cannabis legalization, and the perception of medical usefulness, more scientists are doing medical cannabis research. However, cannabis might not be the direct cause of lower achievement, or not the only cause. Guest post guidelines ”; Mayo Clinic: “Medical marijuana,” “Is medical marijuana legal?”; American Lung Association: “Marijuana and Lung Health. It can look like dried herbs and is usually brownish-green in colour. Want to write a post [93] Finally, the tertiary psychoactive effects of the drug cannabis, can include an increase in heart rate and hunger, believed to be caused by 11-OH-THC, a psychoactive metabolite of THC produced in the liver. Sponsored post: It is not clear whether cannabis use affects the rate of suicide. Like alcohol or fast food, the most important thing is staying in control, not letting cannabis become an essential part of your lifestyle. Det Insp Kelly said signs to look out for were unmarked vans with workers wearing unbranded hi-vis wear as they carried out work on the street. We are working with legislators to realise the importance of studies that don’t follow strict and expensive trials and they are beginning to see the benefit of this new approach. Guest post Half of all drug seizures worldwide are cannabis seizures. Guest posting guidelines Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. Submit post [63] Some plants grow as submerged aquatics, using oxygen dissolved in the surrounding water, and a few specialized vascular plants, such as mangroves and reed (Phragmites australis),[64] can grow with their roots in anoxic conditions. 5% of the world population, consume cannabis (annual prevalence) compared with 0. Why are people obsessed with wrestling?. Traditional, regional language names for cannabis or marijuana include:. Submit content [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. [39][27][40] Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,.


Cannabis growers 'digging up roads to steal power' contributor guidelines

Guest-post In the UK, the thing about cannabis use that is most talked about by politicians and written about in newspapers is the fear that it can make young people become mentally ill, and maybe never recover. Furthermore, the rise of craft cannabis growers in Canada should ensure quality, experimentation/research, and diversification of strains among private-sector producers. Submit your content A 2008 National Institutes of Health study of 19 chronic heavy marijuana users with cardiac and cerebral abnormalities (averaging 28 g to 272 g (1 to 9+ oz) weekly) and 24 controls found elevated levels of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) in the chronic smokers. Publish your guest post Enormous gourd pipes were used. To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. [78] He went to London to visit Sir Hans Sloane, a collector of natural history, and to see his cabinet,[79] as well as to visit the Chelsea Physic Garden and its keeper, Philip Miller. Flowers are grouped to form cymes. Guest posting guidelines It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. According to the Ministry of Justice 2016 statistics there were 36,300 cannabis and khat warnings issued in the latest year, a decrease of 6,300 (15%) from the previous year. Other compounds include the cannabivarins and cannabichromenes; they are all collectively known as cannabinoids. After 24 hours to a few days, minuscule psychoactive effects may be felt, depending on dosage, frequency and tolerance to the drug. Guest post by The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. To put it in proportion, for most young people experimenting with cannabis, the risk of going on to become addicted is much higher than the risk of going on to develop serious mental illness such as psychosis. [93]:56–57 His lectures were normally very popular and were often held in the Botanical Garden. Guest blogger guidelines Before presenting the available evidence in the literature on the reasons for the varying effects of cannabis in different individuals, we will first review the present knowledge on the biochemistry of the cannabis plant and the endocannabinoid system. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. The pharmacology of cannabis is complicated by the presence of a wide range of cannabinoids. This post was written by The relation between the museum and the private collection was not formalised and the steady flow of material from Linnean pupils were incorporated to the private collection rather than to the museum. Guest contributor guidelines Herodotus also noted that the Thracians, a people who had intimate contact with the Scythians, introduced the plant to the Dacians where it became popular among a shamanic cult named the Kapnobatai, or "Those Who Walk in the Clouds. 2010; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. Want to write for Linnaeus was born in the village of Råshult in Småland, Sweden, on 23 May 1707. According to Delphic analysis by British researchers in 2007, cannabis has a lower risk factor for dependence compared to both nicotine and alcohol. [70] This may or may not be lethal, depending on the hardiness of the tissue. Become an author Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names,[a] is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical and recreational purposes. [44] A follow-up review found that IQ deficit may be a precursor, rather than result, of cannabis use, and that social and environmental factors are a likely influence. In April 2020 the DEA notified the manufacturer GW Pharma that it no longer considers Epidiolex a controlled substance (was previously a C-V controlled substance) under the Federal Controlled Substance Act. Other therapeutic uses of cannabinoids are being demonstrated by controlled studies, including treatment of asthma and glaucoma, as an antidepressant, appetite stimulant, anticonvulsant and anti-spasmodic, research in this area should continue. Guest post by At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. 8 times for the 60 minutes after consumption. Contributing writer In seed plants, the microgametophyte is reduced from a multicellular free-living organism to a few cells in a pollen grain and the miniaturised megagametophyte remains inside the megasporangium, attached to and dependent on the parent plant. [167] In a letter to Gmelin from 1747, Linnaeus replied:[168][note 7]. Guest posts Fruit produced by members of this family include apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, breadfruit, and jackfruit. Cannabinoid absorption is dependent on its route of administration. Even though our knowledge on the role of the endocannabinoid system is still evolving, the available evidence indicates that this system has multiple regulatory roles in neuronal, vascular, metabolic, immune and reproductory systems. [27] At high doses, mental effects can include anxiety, delusions (including ideas of reference), hallucinations, panic, paranoia, and psychosis. Other compounds include the cannabivarins and cannabichromenes; they are all collectively known as cannabinoids. A small number of people who smoke lots of cannabis get an illness where they feel sick, have stomach aches and vomit. Want to write an article Professors William Emboden, Loran Anderson, and Harvard botanist Richard E. Humberside police releases Not In Our Community report on tackling child exploitation. In 1747, Linnaeus was given the title archiater, or chief physician, by the Swedish king Adolf Frederick—a mark of great respect. [222] These laws have had an adverse effect on cannabis cultivation for non-recreational purposes, but there are many regions where handling of cannabis is legal or licensed. Linnaeus was also taught about the sexual reproduction of plants, according to Sébastien Vaillant. Skunk’s become very popular in recent years and is often bright, pale or dark green in colour and covered in tiny crystals. A megasporangium enclosed in a protective layer called an integument is known as an ovule. Guest column People do this by mixing it into cakes (hash brownies), tea, yoghurt or sweets (gummies/lollipops). Submit guest post THC Ministry, The THC Ministry, founded by Roger Christie from the Religion of Jesus Church, is a religion[1] which considers cannabis to be a sacrament. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. Want to write a post Like alcohol or fast food, the most important thing is staying in control, not letting cannabis become an essential part of your lifestyle. Cultic use ranged from Romania to the Yenisei River and had begun by 3rd millennium BC Smoking hemp has been found at Pazyryk. The first state in the union to legalize the medical use of marijuana was California in 1996. Guest article [10] This name was spelled with the æ ligature.   In fact skunk is only one of 100 or so varieties of cannabis plant which have high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Well-known members of Rosales include: roses, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, apples and pears, plums, peaches and apricots, almonds, rowan and hawthorn, jujube, elms, banyans, figs, mulberries, breadfruit, nettles, hops, and cannabis. [155][15]:342–357 Not all material in Linné's private collection was transported to England. Writers wanted Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. Become guest writer [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. Articles wanted By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. Submit guest article There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA), marijuana is still considered a Schedule 1 drug, like cocaine and heroin. The added strain plus tar and other chemicals in pot may raise your chance of heart attack or stroke. This is the name given for particular strains of grass that are very strong. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. Want to contribute to our website [150] However, this is disputed by researchers. Guest posting rules Det Insp Kelly said signs to look out for were unmarked vans with workers wearing unbranded hi-vis wear as they carried out work on the street. It's thought that CBD can balance out some of the effects of THC and make users less likely to feel anxious and paranoid. [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. It is based on the reaction of cannabis extracts with p-dimethylbenzaldehyde. [71] The terminal half-life is approximately 18–32 hours. You also can mix pot into brownies, cookies, candy, tea, and other foods. The discrepancies between studies may reflect greater long-term effects among heavier users relative to occasional users, and greater duration of effect among those with heavy use as adolescents compared to later in life. Cannabis oil was likely used throughout the Middle East for centuries before and after the birth of Christ. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. Some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC (a cannabinoid), the strength of which is enhanced by curing the fruits. Join over 300,000 Finance professionals who already subscribe to the FT. Most people use a vapouriser which heats the cannabis, rather than burning it. Incident light that stimulates a chemical reaction in one leaf, will cause a chain reaction of signals to the entire plant via a type of cell termed a bundle sheath cell. [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. Writers wanted It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. [183] Butane and supercritical carbon dioxide hash oil have become popular in recent years. [270][271] A Pew Research Center poll found that political opposition to marijuana use was significantly associated with concerns about the health effects and whether legalization would increase marijuana use by children. [136] Member nations of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs voted 27–25 to remove it from Schedule IV on 2 December 2020,[137] following a World Health Organization recommendation for removal in January 2019. Rosén started giving anatomy lectures and tried to take over Linnaeus's botany lectures, but Rudbeck prevented that. The shield in the coat of arms is divided into thirds: red, black and green for the three kingdoms of nature (animal, mineral and vegetable) in Linnaean classification; in the centre is an egg "to denote Nature, which is continued and perpetuated in ovo. An increasing number of countries are making cannabis legal for medicinal uses and on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is legal in the UK too and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors from 1 November 2018. [23] (Although monoecious plants are often referred to as "hermaphrodites", true hermaphrodites – which are less common in Cannabis – bear staminate and pistillate structures together on individual flowers, whereas monoecious plants bear male and female flowers at different locations on the same plant. Guest post opportunities In the 21st century, Linnæus' taxonomy of human "races" has been problematised and discussed. [220] Cannabis is rich in terpenes too. Smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming dependent on nicotine. Guest author Harm Reduction Journal: “Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic. This is based on improved seed varieties and procedures such as artificial heating and lighting, hydroponic cultivation in nutrient solutions and propagation of cuttings of female plants. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain. Submit a guest post Impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and harms (June 2020). Sponsored post: [277][278] Studies have shown that alcohol and tobacco may additionally be regarded as gateway drugs;[279] however, a more parsimonious explanation could be that cannabis is simply more readily available (and at an earlier age) than illegal hard drugs. Become a contributor [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. Guest post- [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. Contributor guidelines Further evidence comes from a systematic review of longitudinal and population-based studies which show that cannabis use significantly increases the risk of development of a psychotic illness in a dose-dependent manner [Moore et al. [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. There are several references in Greek mythology to a powerful drug that eliminated anguish and sorrow. Become a guest blogger The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. Want to write for A 2008 National Institutes of Health study of 19 chronic heavy marijuana users with cardiac and cerebral abnormalities (averaging 28 g to 272 g (1 to 9+ oz) weekly) and 24 controls found elevated levels of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) in the chronic smokers. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo sporophyte develops inside the ovule. Suggest a post However, there are several medical conditions for which patients can use medical marijuana, which can vary by state law:. However, CBD was efficient in blocking most of the effects of d-9-THC when both drugs were given together.


Entheogenic use of cannabis contribute to our site

All of us have an inbuilt genetic risk for psychosis that ranges from virtually zero up to a maximum of more than 50% (the risk if your identical twin has schizophrenia). Guest contributor guidelines heroin and cocaine), total synthesis is not currently an economic proposition. Guest contributor guidelines In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. Guest contributor guidelines [58] A second systematic review focused on neuroimaging studies found little evidence supporting an effect of cannabis use on brain structure and function. Sponsored post: For reasons including increased popular support of cannabis use, a trend of cannabis legalization, and the perception of medical usefulness, more scientists are doing medical cannabis research. Plant roots play an essential role in soil development and the prevention of soil erosion. the World Flora Online and World Plants both list about 350,000 species. Guest author [4] The potential for adverse effects from smoke inhalation makes smoking a less viable option than oral preparations. [30] Physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy;[24] short-term side effects may also include dry mouth and red eyes. At least 90 of the 700 North American species described in Species Plantarum had been brought back by Kalm. Become an author 18m at Empire Bingo in Swinton Road, Mexborough, near Doncaster. Mayo Clinic: “Marijuana,” “Medical marijuana. Want to contribute to our website ’ Along with a number of its isomers and stereochemical variants, Δ9-THC is listed in Schedule I of the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally. Vaporisers heat up the cannabis hot enough that the cannabinoids and some other substances evaporate and can be inhaled, but not so hot that the plant material is burnt. , has invested in multiple cannabis start-ups including OCT through his venture capital firm Casa Verde. Tobacco is often mixed with cannabis, for making joints or smoking bongs. The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. Contribute to our site Hype around legalisation has not turned into reliable profits. Mothers who smoke pot while pregnant face a higher risk of giving birth to underweight or premature babies. Widely cultivated strains of cannabis, such as "Afghani" or "Hindu Kush", are indigenous to the Pakistan and Afghanistan regions, while "Durban Poison" is native to Africa. Sponsored post by Regular users might consume one-eighth of an ounce per week. Cannabis is different to other Class B drugs as it comes under the discretionary warning scheme. [5] Green plants provide a substantial proportion of the world's molecular oxygen,[6] and are the basis of most of Earth's ecosystems. Guest article The patterns of cannabinoid variation support recognition of C. Become guest writer [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. Some therapeutic benefit as an analgesic has been claimed for cannabis, and dronabinol is a licensed medicine in some countries for the treatment of nausea in cancer chemotherapy. Upon observing the lower jawbone of a horse at the side of a road he was travelling, Linnaeus remarked: "If I only knew how many teeth and of what kind every animal had, how many teats and where they were placed, I should perhaps be able to work out a perfectly natural system for the arrangement of all quadrupeds. Petrified wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most frequently found in arid or desert areas where it is more readily exposed by erosion. Guest post CBD is a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, which is under laboratory research to determine if it has an anxiolytic effect. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and tropical rainforest. Accepting guest posts Stopping the use of marijuana completely will usually relieve symptoms within days or weeks, but it is not known if marijuana consumption can be resumed. Submit guest post The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. It characteristically produces, in a dose-dependent manner, hypoactivity, hypothermia, spatial and verbal short-term memory impairment [Hayakawa et al. Like cannabinoid absorption, distribution is also dependent on route of administration. Ornamental plants have sometimes changed the course of history, as in tulipomania. Stearn notes, without Linnaeus's new system, it would not have been possible for the apostles to collect and organise so many new specimens. The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. Accepting guest posts Cannabis is becoming increasingly accepted for its use as medicine. The genus Cannabis was first classified using the "modern" system of taxonomic nomenclature by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, who devised the system still in use for the naming of species. The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. Got a confidential news tip? We want to hear from you. Cannabis warnings could be issued to adults from 2004, while khat warnings could be issued to adults from June 2014. [104] The book contained a complete survey of the taxonomy system he had been using in his earlier works. Suggest a post Long term effects of heavy use can include:. Submit post Wood is pulped to make paper and cardboard. The amount of cannabis normally used for medicinal purposes is not believed to cause any permanent cognitive impairment in adults, though long-term treatment in adolescents should be weighed carefully as they are more susceptible to these impairments. Suggest a post [73][74] On 24 September 1735, Linnaeus moved to Hartekamp to become personal physician to Clifford, and curator of Clifford's herbarium. Last medically reviewed on June 30, 2020. Guest posts This was something many could not accept. Want to write for Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Sponsored post by These are: addiction to nicotine (the drug in tobacco), coughs, chest infections and in the longer-term, cancer and heart disease. [142] In 2014, the startup Meadow began offering on-demand delivery of medical marijuana in the San Francisco Bay Area, through their mobile app. Write for us [29] Ainsworth reviews that treatment with auxin and Ethylene as a plant hormone#ethylene have feminizing effects, and that treatment with cytokinins and gibberellins have masculinizing effects. Guest post guidelines Widow's plea for rule change on overloaded lorries. Guest column Smoking or inhaling: A sense of elation can start within minutes and peak after 10–30 minutes. Submit your content [64] The authors hypothesized that the two subspecies diverged primarily as a result of human selection; C. Guest post- [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. This is a guest post by [104] In 1996, California became the first U. The authors suggest that the likely mechanism could be cannabinoid-regulated AKT1/glycogen synthase kinase 3 signalling downstream of the dopamine D2 receptor. Tobacco is also addictive, much more so than cannabis, so smoking cannabis joints can be a ‘gateway’ to a harmful and expensive tobacco addiction. Submit blog post Although Rudbeck and Roberg had undoubtedly been good professors, by then they were older and not so interested in teaching. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Submit an article Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. It distributes rapidly to highly vascularized organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, as well as to various glands. [22] Linnaeus rarely studied, often going to the countryside to look for plants. [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. It can make you feel drowsy or sleepy and can give you the sense that time is slowing down. In Egypt, cannabis pollen was recovered from the tomb of Ramses II, who governed for sixty‐seven years during the 19th dynasty, and several mummies contain trace cannabinoids. Guest post courtesy of Antisocial personality disorder involves patterns of disregard for the rights of others. [23][24] Long-term cannabis use may cause nausea and vomiting, a condition known as cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Cantheism is a word that signifies any and all attitudes towards the cannabis plant as a religious experience. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. Menu Close menu. states legalized cannabis, street prices began to drop. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. [94][98] After he returned from the journey, the Government decided Linnaeus should take on another expedition to the southernmost province Scania. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. Linnaeus was relieved of his duties in the Royal Swedish Academy of Science in 1763, but continued his work there as usual for more than ten years after. Contributor guidelines The unpollinated female plants are called hashish. Want to write for Further evidence for the existence of D2 and CB1Rs in ventral striatum is provided by electron microscopy analysis, which confirms the relevance to the rewarding and euphoric, as well as motor effects produced by cannabis, by enhancing dopamine levels particularly in the nucleus accumbens [Pickel et al. Several of the Tarim mummies excavated near Turpan in Xinjiang province of Northwestern China were buried with sacks of cannabis next to their heads. Submit content 750 mya) has been attributed to the Cladophorales, while the oldest reliable records of the Bryopsidales, Dasycladales) and stoneworts are from the Paleozoic. The 10th edition of Systema Naturae introduced new terms, including Mammalia and Primates, the latter of which would replace Anthropomorpha[171] as well as giving humans the full binomial Homo sapiens. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". [80] 11-COOH-THC is not psychoactive. However, they did not divide C. [152] Linnaeus felt his work was reflecting the harmony of nature and he said in 1754 "the earth is then nothing else but a museum of the all-wise creator's masterpieces, divided into three chambers". There’s lots of conflicting research on this topic, and many of the existing studies have only looked at animals. Part of the Rastafari movement, elders of the 20th-century religious movement known as the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church, consider cannabis to be the "eucharist",[45] claiming it as an oral tradition from Ethiopia dating back to the time of Christ. Submit an article During Linnaeus's time it was normal for upper class women to have wet nurses for their babies. Looking for guest posts This means that on its way from the midrib of the leaflet to the point of the serration, the vein serving the tip of the serration passes close by the intervening notch. [157][158] Extracts such as hashish and hash oil typically contain more THC than high potency cannabis infructescences. [282][283][284][285][286] Research-grade samples of the drug are difficult to obtain for research purposes, unless granted under authority of national regulatory agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration. Submit a guest post The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. On July 8, 2010, Christie and 13 other individuals allegedly associated with the THC Ministry were indicted by a Federal grand jury in Honolulu on Marijuana Possession and Trafficking charges. Guest article In Africa, there were a number of cults and sects of hemp worship. Submit content This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Unlike drugs such as alcohol, paracetamol, heroin or ecstasy, users do not die after accidentally taking too much. Submit guest post However, oral administration of CBD has a faster time to peak concentrations (2 hours) than THC. This is a guest post by Send your story ideas to yorkslincs. From the 1990s to 2018, the average THC content in confiscated cannabis rose from 4% to over 15%. Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction. Write for us Inhaled and vaporized THC have similar absorption profiles to smoked THC, with a bioavailability ranging from 10 to 35%. Want to write a post Due to substantial metabolism of THC and CBD, their metabolites are excreted mostly via feces, rather than by urine. [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. states legalized cannabis, street prices began to drop. Guest post guidelines 18m at Empire Bingo in Swinton Road, Mexborough, near Doncaster. Guest post policy Just as in animals, plant cells differentiate and develop into multiple cell types. [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. [57] Physiological barriers to reproduction are not known to occur within Cannabis, and plants from widely divergent sources are interfertile. Sponsored post These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. Guest column The spoil heaps of coal mines are the best places to collect; coal itself is the remains of fossilised plants, though structural detail of the plant fossils is rarely visible in coal. The most rapid growth in cannabis abuse since the 1960s has been in developed countries in North America, Western Europe and Australia.  In a world in which no-one used cannabis, people would still develop psychosis, sometimes this is a one-off episode of a few days or weeks, sometimes someone dips in and out of periods of psychosis over their lifetime, sometimes it is more or less constant, and occurs with other problems (schizophrenia). We changed everything, our generation, the lames called us the Hippies, we called ourselves, Brother and Sister. [281] The National Institute on Drug Abuse determined that marijuana use is "likely to precede use of other licit and illicit substances" and that "adults who reported marijuana use during the first wave of the survey were more likely than adults who did not use marijuana to develop an alcohol use disorder within 3 years; people who used marijuana and already had an alcohol use disorder at the outset were at greater risk of their alcohol use disorder worsening. Write for us Medical organizations that have issued statements in support of allowing access to medical cannabis include the American Nurses Association,[8] American Public Health Association,[147] American Medical Student Association,[148] National Multiple Sclerosis Society,[149] Epilepsy Foundation,[150] and Leukemia & Lymphoma Society.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London become a guest blogger

This produces a stronger more potent form of the drug which is sometimes referred to as Skunk. Guest post courtesy of [175] or from scraping the resin from the surface of the plants and rolling it into balls. Contributor guidelines These findings suggest that current trends for preferring higher THC content variants carry significant health risks, particularly to those who are susceptible to its harmful effects. A reduced quality of life is associated with heavy cannabis use, although the relationship is inconsistent and weaker than for tobacco and other substances. Want to write a post Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally. "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. After revisions to cannabis scheduling in the UK, the government moved cannabis back from a class C to a class B drug. Guest posting In Article 1, Paragraph 1, of that Convention, cannabis is defined as: ‘The flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted, by whatever name they may be designated. Guest posting This produces a violet blue coloration that is extractable into chloroform. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Rosales were in the superorder Rosiflorae (also called Rosanae). Accepting guest posts In October that same year, his wife and nine-month-old son followed him to live in Uppsala. Submit your content [104] Evidence is lacking for depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Tourette syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, and psychosis. Modern taxonomy includes a rank of family between order and genus and a rank of phylum between kingdom and class that were not present in Linnaeus's original system. Don’t be discouraged from cutting down by the thought “I smoke loads of cannabis; if I smoked half as much I’d still be smoking loads”. Submit article These include the NBS-LRR class of proteins. However, this political classification of cannabis is not a good guide to its harmfulness compared to other drugs or to the likely legal consequences of getting caught with it. [46] He sometimes dismounted on the way to examine a flower or rock[47] and was particularly interested in mosses and lichens, the latter a main part of the diet of the reindeer, a common and economically important animal in Lapland. Articles wanted Of these individuals, about 9% may develop an addiction. Guest posting rules Here, learn about its symptoms, treatments, causes, and more. [21] Comparative studies have found cannabinoids to be more effective than some conventional antiemetics such as prochlorperazine, promethazine, and metoclopramide in controlling CINV,[22] but these are used less frequently because of side effects including dizziness, dysphoria, and hallucinations. com, the relative strength of modern strains are likely skewed because undue weight is given to much more expensive and potent, but less prevalent, samples. Medicine men were practicing magicians. Guest-post 5% and achieved peak blood concentrations within 1 to 8 hours after administration. Guest post: [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. Fatalities directly attributable to cannabis are rare. 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. Accepting guest posts Upon observing the lower jawbone of a horse at the side of a road he was travelling, Linnaeus remarked: "If I only knew how many teeth and of what kind every animal had, how many teats and where they were placed, I should perhaps be able to work out a perfectly natural system for the arrangement of all quadrupeds. [291][292] There is preliminary evidence that cannabis interferes with the anticoagulant properties of prescription drugs used for treating blood clots. [18] It is unclear whether American states might be able to mitigate the adverse effects of the opioid epidemic by prescribing medical cannabis as an alternative pain management drug. Want to contribute to our website Use on any federal land, national park or monument is illegal. Guest post courtesy of [7] He is also considered as one of the founders of modern ecology. Sponsored post: These neurotransmitters affect brain areas that play a role in memory, thinking, concentration, movement, coordination, sensory and time perception, and pleasure. The pharmacology of cannabis is complicated by the presence of a wide range of cannabinoids. The dry material was transferred to Uppsala. The embryophytes have the ability to secrete a cuticle on their outer surface, a waxy layer that confers resistant to desiccation. Guest posts "[5] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly. Scientists are studying this and whether it’s safe. Blog for us Joseph Banks, an eminent botanist, wished to purchase the collection, but his son Carl refused the offer and instead moved the collection to Uppsala. What can you expect if you buy your next pair of sunnies or eyeglasses from Roka Eyewear? Let's review. Sponsored post Using gas chromatography, the limit of detection of THC in blood is 0. Guest poster wanted [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. Guest post: A review of this compound, along with d-9-THC and CBD by Pertwee suggests that plant extractions of d-9-THCV produces its antiobesity effects more by increasing energy expenditure than by reducing food intake [Pertwee, 2008]. [105] Two extracts of cannabis – dronabinol and nabilone – are approved by the FDA as medications in pill form for treating the side effects of chemotherapy and AIDS. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. That Christmas, Linnaeus returned home to Stenbrohult to visit his parents for the first time in about three years. People have modified some types of cannabis, such as skunk, to maximize the potency of certain components. It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law. [164][165][166][167] This is the most widely consumed form,[167] containing 3% to 20% THC,[168] with reports of up to 33% THC. The short-term effects of cannabis can also vary based on your method of consumption. [2] There are several references in Greek mythology to a powerful drug that eliminated anguish and sorrow. Instead, Boerhaave convinced Linnaeus that he should visit the botanist Johannes Burman. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Writers wanted The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. Read more information about cannabis on the Frank website. The fully systematic name for this THC isomer is (−)-(6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl- 6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Raw leaf is not psychoactive because cannabinoids are in the form of carboxylic acids. [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). Less common side effects were "ocular problems, orthostatic hypotension, muscle twitching, pruritus, vagueness, hallucinations, lightheadedness and dry mouth". [144] By the time it reached its 10th edition in 1758, it classified 4,400 species of animals and 7,700 species of plants. On July 8, 2010, Christie and 13 other individuals allegedly associated with the THC Ministry were indicted by a Federal grand jury in Honolulu on Marijuana Possession and Trafficking charges. Anyone using a hydroponic system, or growing more than a handful of plants, is likely to be charged with intent to supply, as well as production and possession. Guest article Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. Want to write for The happy, hazy days of 2018 look a long way away. Articles wanted [119] Cannabis use eventually became a ritual part of the Hindu festival of Holi. Accepting guest posts In this way, cannabinoids from an outside source can change and disrupt normal brain function. Guest post Not all heavy users of cannabis will develop this condition. In December 1777, he had another stroke which greatly weakened him, and eventually led to his death on 10 January 1778 in Hammarby. The feeling will typically wear off after about 2 hours. People who are considering buying or using cannabis should first check whether it is legal in their state. It is rare for maximum sentences to be given and guidelines put out by ACPO (Association of Chief Police Officers) advise police to take an escalating approach to those over 17 possessing cannabis for personal use, with a warning given the first time a person is caught and an on-the-spot fine for a second offence. Chlorophyll, a green-colored, magnesium-containing pigment is essential to this process; it is generally present in plant leaves, and often in other plant parts as well. Guest post In temperate and boreal climates, they generally lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. Become a guest blogger This article looks at 13 ways to stop a panic attack. As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. If you vape or smoke weed, the THC could get into your bloodstream quickly enough for you to get your high in seconds or minutes. Widow's plea for rule change on overloaded lorries7. The authors also found that in herbal or resin forms of the drug, the average CBD content exceeded that of THC. Submitting a guest post This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Become a guest blogger Cannabis and cannabis resin are listed in Schedules I and IV of the United Nations 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. Accepting guest posts Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. Become an author Countries that have legalized the medical use of cannabis include Australia,[107] Brazil,[108] Canada,[109] Chile,[109] Colombia,[109] Croatia,[110] Cyprus,[111] Czech Republic,[109] Finland,[112] Germany,[113] Greece,[114] Israel,[115] Italy,[116] Jamaica,[117] Lebanon,[118] Luxembourg,[119] North Macedonia,[120] Malta,[121] the Netherlands,[109] New Zealand,[122] Peru,[123] Poland,[124] Portugal,[125] Sri Lanka,[126] Thailand,[127] the United Kingdom,[128] and Uruguay. You could also grow physically dependent on marijuana. Skunk, like most forms of cannabis, is a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Guest post courtesy of Nevertheless, Linnaeus is credited with establishing the idea of a hierarchical structure of classification which is based upon observable characteristics and intended to reflect natural relationships. [4] As of 2012, more than 20 cannabinoids were being studied by the U. Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. This post was written by Even people who have enjoyed using cannabis before can unexpectedly find that it gives them bad rather than good feelings. The effects can differ depending on things like how potent your pot was, how you took it, and much marijuana you’ve used in the past. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Organizations that oppose the legalization of medical cannabis include the American Academy of Pediatrics[10] and American Psychiatric Association. Fruiting bodies, of which mushrooms are the most familiar example, are the reproductive structures of fungi, and are unlike any structures produced by plants. Guest post guidelines In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. [62] A 2004 literature review on the subject concluded that cannabis use is associated with a two-fold increase in the risk of psychosis, but that cannabis use is "neither necessary nor sufficient" to cause psychosis. Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. Contribute to our site [74] According to Schultes' and Anderson's descriptions, C. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. Linnaeus quickly discovered the specimen was a fake cobbled together from the jaws and paws of weasels and the skins of snakes. Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. Submit post FCA guidance clears way for companies providing products for medical use to float on stock exchange. Submit article The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. Publish your guest post It is usually consumed as an infusion in beverage form, and varies in strength according to how much cannabis is used in the preparation. Others believe that modern strains actually are significantly more potent than older ones. Most recently there have been a number of drug challenge studies with sound methodologies examining the effects of both of these compounds. Submit article Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy". Gilibert in 1770 as La Nourrice marâtre, ou Dissertation sur les suites funestes du nourrisage mercénaire. Linnaeus was relieved of his duties in the Royal Swedish Academy of Science in 1763, but continued his work there as usual for more than ten years after. Submit your content The oldest known fossils of embryophytes date from the Ordovician, though such fossils are fragmentary. Researchers, from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, found that plants have a specific memory for varying light conditions, which prepares their immune systems against seasonal pathogens. [13] In comparison, typical government-approved medications contain only one or two chemicals.


A Quick Take on Cannabis and Its Effects guest posting rules

Linnaeus dedicated his Critica botanica to him, as "opus botanicum quo absolutius mundus non-vidit". The number of species within the genus is disputed. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. [134] To most of the apostles he gave instructions of what to look for on their journeys. Writers wanted Researchers think it is much more common in the U. The results can be quite dramatic, including anxiety attacks. [75] It was here that he wrote a book Hortus Cliffortianus, in the preface of which he described his experience as "the happiest time of my life". [277][278] Studies have shown that alcohol and tobacco may additionally be regarded as gateway drugs;[279] however, a more parsimonious explanation could be that cannabis is simply more readily available (and at an earlier age) than illegal hard drugs. This is one reason why drug driving, like drink driving, is illegal. Guest-post All of these plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls composed of cellulose, and most obtain their energy through photosynthesis, using light, water and carbon dioxide to synthesize food. Guest post: Both the short- and long-term effects may vary among individuals. [11] In 2014 there were an estimated 182. Even more popular than the lectures were the botanical excursions made every Saturday during summer, where Linnaeus and his students explored the flora and fauna in the vicinity of Uppsala. Extremely rarely, getting intoxicated on cannabis can trigger a mental health crisis such as a ‘psychotic episode’, which carries on even after the person should have sobered up. Submitting a guest post "[18] A team of scientists analyzed one shamanistic tomb that contained a leather basket with well-preserved cannabis (789 grams of leaves, shoots, and fruits; AMS dated 2475 ± 30 years BP) and a wooden bowl with cannabis traces. [56] One widely applied criterion for species recognition is that species are "groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups. Looking for guest posts But I seek from you and from the whole world a generic difference between man and simian that [follows] from the principles of Natural History. One laboratory at the University of British Columbia found that Jamaican Lamb's Bread, claimed to be 100% sativa, was in fact almost 100% indica (the opposite strain). The hemp pipe assumed a symbolic meaning for the Bashilenge somewhat analogous to the significance which the peace pipe had for American Indians. Serious side effects can occur. Researchers think it is much more common in the U. Submit article A person with a cluster B personality disorder may have trouble controlling their emotions and display erratic, dramatic behavior. Publish your guest post The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, terpinolene, pinene, humulene, ocimene and linalool.  In a world in which no-one used cannabis, people would still develop psychosis, sometimes this is a one-off episode of a few days or weeks, sometimes someone dips in and out of periods of psychosis over their lifetime, sometimes it is more or less constant, and occurs with other problems (schizophrenia). Guest posters wanted While some gardens are planted with food crops, many are planted for aesthetic, ornamental, or conservation purposes. Cannabis aficionados recognize three distinct types based on such factors as morphology, native range, aroma, and subjective psychoactive characteristics. Another cornerstone in cannabinoid research was the identification of the specific binding sites of d-9-THC in the brain [Devane et al. Guest contributor guidelines Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. Contribute to our site ’ Cannabis resin is defined as: ‘The separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant. [78] He went to London to visit Sir Hans Sloane, a collector of natural history, and to see his cabinet,[79] as well as to visit the Chelsea Physic Garden and its keeper, Philip Miller. Submit blog post Half of all drug seizures worldwide are cannabis seizures. [67] Intracellular freezing, which usually kills the cell[68] regardless of the hardiness of the plant and its tissues, seldom occurs in nature because rates of cooling are rarely high enough to support it. avium) is used to make high quality furniture due to its color and ability to be warped. Cannabis can deliver the positive effects its users hope for, but it doesn’t always do so, and it can cause harm too. An international team demonstrated that this material contained tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive component of cannabis. See the etymology of the main entry. Cannabis appears to be price-inelastic in the short term, but fairly elastic over the longer term. A psychotic outcome is not the only diagnostic category which has been associated with cannabis use. Analysis shows 43 out of 59 companies in major marijuana funds were lossmaking. Herbal cannabis (known as ‘cannabis flos’), with a nominal THC content of 18 %, is available as a prescription medicine in The Netherlands. In one of the mounds, a leather pouch containing hemp seeds, and scattered hemp, coriander, and melilotus seeds were also recovered. sativa or a separate species, and proposed C. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). We changed everything, our generation, the lames called us the Hippies, we called ourselves, Brother and Sister. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. For example, if you have a close relative who has had episodes of psychosis, or has schizophrenia, cannabis might be enough to give you a push towards developing such conditions yourself. The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. Submit guest article Linnaeus's system of taxonomy was especially noted as the first to include humans (Homo) taxonomically grouped with apes (Simia), under the header of Anthropomorpha. Scientists conducting this kind of research, which is one of the things we do at Drug Science, argue that this is a reasonable and high-quality way of understanding how well a drug is doing. 730) dietary therapy book Shiliao bencao 食療本草 ("Nutritional Materia Medica") prescribes daily consumption of cannabis in the following case: "those who wish to see demons should take it (with certain other drugs) for up to a hundred days. Contribute to this site It can look like dried herbs and is usually brownish-green in colour. Guest post: In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. Guest post opportunities [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. Sponsored post: On average, cannabis users do less well at school and leave education earlier too. Submitting a guest post [52] Other serious cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, sudden cardiac death, and cardiomyopathy have been reported to be temporally associated with cannabis use. A year after Linnaeus's birth, his grandfather Samuel Brodersonius died, and his father Nils became the rector of Stenbrohult. Can cannabis use kill you? Find out here. Guest blogger guidelines He then returned to Sweden where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. This means it is illegal to cultivate, produce, supply or possess the drug, except in accordance with a Home Office licence issued for research or other special purposes. [50] The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido[25] and distortions in the perception of time and space. That means you can’t stop using it even if it harms your relationships, job, health, or finances. Blog for us [97] However, everyday use of cannabis may be correlated with psychological withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability or insomnia,[93] and susceptibility to a panic attack may increase as levels of THC metabolites rise. Light is an important resource because it is necessary for photosynthesis. State becomes the 16th in the US to allow marijuana sales after lawmakers broker agreement. Cannabis sativa is dioecious: there are separate male and female plants. Police find £6m cannabis farm in disused factory. In Tantric Buddhism, which originated in the Tibeto-Himalayan region, cannabis serves as an important part of a traditional ritual (which may or may not also include sexual intercourse). How long a drug can be detected for depends on how much is taken and which testing kit is used. Embryophytes include the vascular plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. This usage generally requires a prescription, and distribution is usually done within a framework defined by local laws. Submitting a guest post Next, 11-OH-THC is metabolized in the liver into 11-COOH-THC, which is the second metabolic product of THC. Children speak of neglect in US asylum camps. He taught Miller about his new system of subdividing plants, as described in Systema Naturae. It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimise the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!. 9% in 2014 and had surpassed daily cigarette use. Space is also extremely important for a growing and developing plant. Even when taking a typical amount, the same as you might have enjoyed before or the amount that your friends are enjoying, users might find that they feel worried, suspicious, sad, confused or even feel trapped going round in circles of weird thoughts. According to DSM-V criteria, 9% of those who are exposed to cannabis develop cannabis use disorder, compared to 20% for cocaine, 23% for alcohol and 68% for nicotine. Cannabis is a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. The family moved into the rectory from the curate's house. Contributor guidelines Apart from schizotypal personality, the vulnerability factors to the psychotogenic effects of cannabis require replication. Suggest a post Carl's father was the first in his ancestry to adopt a permanent surname. A whole host of people have appeared before the Grimsby bench. Cannabis seeds may have been used for food, rituals or religious practices in ancient Europe and China. A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Contribute to this site Cannabis use can induce such symptoms, as well as be used secondary to a primary depressive illness [Dakwar et al. Janichevsky concluded that ruderal Cannabis in central Russia is either a variety of C. Submit a guest post The NIDA add that up to 17% of those who start using cannabis in their teens may become dependent on it. On the way to Scania, he made his last visit to his brothers and sisters in Stenbrohult since his father had died the previous year. This was something many could not accept. Guest column [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, people who start using cannabis before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a cannabis use disorder than those who start using it later in life. One of the first scientists Linnaeus met in the Netherlands was Johan Frederik Gronovius to whom Linnaeus showed one of the several manuscripts he had brought with him from Sweden. Due to the poor bioavailability of oral preparations, alternative routes of administration have been studied, including sublingual and rectal. Guest column States laws exist that require certain amounts to be placed in a locked and secure container or area. For possession with intent to supply the maximum sentence is 14 years or a fine or both. Guest author It is a popular recreational drug with some medicinal uses. [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. It was through the Systema Vegetabilium that Linnaeus's work became widely known in England, following its translation from the Latin by the Lichfield Botanical Society as A System of Vegetables (1783–1785). When Nils was admitted to the University of Lund, he had to take on a family name. [300] In some countries citizens can be punished if they have used the drug in another country, including Singapore and South Korea. Cannabis is different to other Class B drugs as it comes under the discretionary warning scheme. Submit article Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. Submit your content Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects. Countries that allow the medical use of whole-plant cannabis include Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, and Uruguay. Sponsored post European Drug Report 2020: Key Issues (September 2020). Cannabis is widely known because of the 1960s Hippy movement. Some of the more desirable short-term effects include:. Can a ‘double standard’ in paediatric medicine provide a framework to restructure repressive medical cannabis policies?. This has resulted in many reclassifications based on evolutionary systematics. There is little evidence for damage to organ systems among moderate users, but consumption with tobacco carries all of the risks of that substance. Guest blogger This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). [46] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, coughing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. [41] However, new evidence from the study of carbon isotope ratios in Precambrian rocks has suggested that complex photosynthetic plants developed on the earth over 1000 m.


Everything you need to know about cannabis accepting guest posts

[164][165][166][167] This is the most widely consumed form,[167] containing 3% to 20% THC,[168] with reports of up to 33% THC. " At the bottom is a phrase in Latin, borrowed from the Aeneid, which reads "Famam extendere factis": we extend our fame by our deeds. While it is not necessary to use cannabis to be a Rastafari, many use it regularly as a part of their faith, and pipes of cannabis are dedicated to His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I before being smoked. Do not use cannabis if you are breast-feeding a baby. Submit article [80] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10–20% rate of dependence. [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Submitting a guest post There is some truth and often plenty of exaggeration to these concerns. The Duquenois–Levine test is commonly used as a screening test in the field, but it cannot definitively confirm the presence of cannabis, as a large range of substances have been shown to give false positives. [41][42] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries. They come in a solid form known as 'dab' or 'shatter' and can be used as e-liquids in vape pens. Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention and memory, an increased risk of psychotic symptoms,[b] the inability to think clearly, and an increased risk of accidents. Different plants that fall under the order Rosales grow in all different parts of the world. Want to write for Toward the end of his life he timidly advanced the hypothesis that all the species of one genus constituted at the creation one species; and from the last edition of his Systema Naturæ he quietly left out the strongly orthodox statement of the fixity of each species, which he had insisted upon in his earlier works. was the most eminent naturalist of his time, a wide observer, a close thinker; but the atmosphere in which he lived and moved and had his being was saturated with biblical theology, and this permeated all his thinking. However, oral administration of CBD has a faster time to peak concentrations (2 hours) than THC. Contribute to this site In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. Cannabis is a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa. The theological concerns were twofold: first, putting man at the same level as monkeys or apes would lower the spiritually higher position that man was assumed to have in the great chain of being, and second, because the Bible says man was created in the image of God[169] (theomorphism), if monkeys/apes and humans were not distinctly and separately designed, that would mean monkeys and apes were created in the image of God as well. Guest post- " At the bottom is a phrase in Latin, borrowed from the Aeneid, which reads "Famam extendere factis": we extend our fame by our deeds. Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Toxalbumins are plant poisons fatal to most mammals and act as a serious deterrent to consumption. In the spring of 1749, Linnaeus could finally journey to Scania, again commissioned by the Government. [62] He considered the genus to be monotypic, having just a single species that he named Cannabis sativa L. Medical cannabis dependence: A critical review of issues and evidence. [196] Using it in some religious ceremonies, they called it qunubu (meaning "way to produce smoke"), a probable origin of the modern word "cannabis". Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. There is little evidence for damage to organ systems among moderate users, but consumption with tobacco carries all of the risks of that substance. It is generally established that some endocannabinoids, d-9-THC and several synthetic CB1R/CB2R agonists and antagonists can also interact with a number of non-CB1, non-CB2 GPCRs, ligand-gated ion channels and nuclear receptors (see the recent review by Pertwee and colleagues [Pertwee et al. Rules surrounding the use of medical cannabis (medical marijuana) vary by state. cannabis f (genitive cannabis); third declension. Guest posting Dealers cut hash with similar-looking substances or heavy materials to increase the weight of the drug and make a bigger profit. Members base their practices on what they see as an eclectic mixture of ancient wisdom, modern science, and the enlightening and healing properties of cannabis sacrament. [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. This chart below shows the classification in order to get to the order Rosales. Mary Queen of Scots beads stolen in castle raid3. If only someone might tell me a single one! If I would have called man a simian or vice versa, I would have brought together all the theologians against me. Guest posting These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species. Linnaeus began his expedition from Uppsala on 12 May 1732, just before he turned 25. Other medical uses of cannabis, like preventing seizures, seem very promising. Members of the family are erect or climbing plants with petalless flowers and dry, one-seeded fruits. [96]:18–19 A landrace strain of cannabis developed over centuries. case-header{background-color:#40E0D0}. The major staples include cereals such as rice and wheat, starchy roots and tubers such as cassava and potato, and legumes such as peas and beans. [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. Tobacco is also addictive, much more so than cannabis, so smoking cannabis joints can be a ‘gateway’ to a harmful and expensive tobacco addiction. Sponsored post: Two years after his tutoring had begun, he was sent to the Lower Grammar School at Växjö in 1717. Guest posters wanted Mothers who smoke pot while pregnant face a higher risk of giving birth to underweight or premature babies. Submit blog post To understand the risk, you have to understand a little about what psychosis is and what causes it to develop (often in early adulthood). Guest post policy A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. The risk of lung cancer is far lower, maybe as low as someone who doesn’t smoke at all. Guest posters wanted A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. This study has been replicated and it has been confirmed that those with schizotypal personality disorder carry a higher risk of experiencing psychotic symptoms with cannabis use [Stirling et al. Submitting a guest post Basic biological research has often been done with plants. As d-9-THC is the main ingredient which causes the desired ‘stoned’ effect, users prefer the strains of the plant with higher THC content. The order Rosales is strongly supported as monophyletic in phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences, such as those carried out by members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria. Guest posts wanted However, having this type of reaction to cannabis even once is a strong indication that continuing to use cannabis could be very harmful. Guest post- Bhang, black, blast, blow, blunts, Bob Hope, bush, dope, draw, ganga, grass, hash, hashish, hemp, herb, marijuana, pot, puff, Northern Lights, resin, sensi, sensemilla, skunk, smoke, spliff, wacky backy, weed, zero etc. THC stimulates specific cannabinoid receptors that increase the release of dopamine. It has been putatively suggested that it may also increase the release of dopamine, glutamate and acetylcholine in certain brain regions, possibly by inhibiting the release of an inhibitory neurotransmitter like GABA onto dopamine, glutamate or acetylcholine-releasing neurons [Bhattacharyya et al. Looking for guest posts Growing cannabis or selling it to others can result in more serious consequences. Want to write an article When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. Contributing writer ”; Mayo Clinic: “Medical marijuana,” “Is medical marijuana legal?”; American Lung Association: “Marijuana and Lung Health. Suggest a post It is not clear whether cannabis use affects the rate of suicide. Someone driving under the influence of marijuana is considered impaired in both Colorado and Washington when five nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) of blood or more of active THC is detected. Many countries regulate limits for psychoactive compound (THC) concentrations in products labeled as hemp. What can you expect if you buy your next pair of sunnies or eyeglasses from Roka Eyewear? Let's review. Backers of themed ETFs optimistic after rulings by UN and European Court of Justice boost investor sentiment. Cannabis oil (hash oil) is often produced locally from cannabis or cannabis resin by means of solvent extraction. Suggest a post In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. He boarded a Swedish East India Company ship headed for China. Guest post policy This disorder, in which a person experiences withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug, may affect about 30% of people who use cannabis, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Guest post: Even people who have enjoyed using cannabis before can unexpectedly find that it gives them bad rather than good feelings. Guest-blogger Those with THC in their system are from three to seven times more likely to be the cause of the accident than those who had not used either cannabis or alcohol, although its role is not necessarily causal because THC stays in the bloodstream for days to weeks after intoxication. In November 2015, Uttarakhand became the first state of India to legalize the cultivation of hemp for industrial purposes. Amygdala abnormalities are sometimes reported, although findings are inconsistent. Guest posts The release of endocannabinoids, such as AEA and 2-AG, from the postsynaptic sites to the synaptic cleft occur in response to elevation of intracellular calcium and they then act as retrograde neurotransmitters on presynaptically located CB1Rs to maintain homeostasis and prevent the excessive neuronal activity [Howlett et al. Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. [81] The largest plant genome (in terms of gene number) is that of wheat (Triticum asestivum), predicted to encode ≈94,000 genes[82] and thus almost 5 times as many as the human genome. , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. [7] Other cannabinoids include delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG); they have less psychotropic effects than THC, but may play a role in the overall effect of cannabis. Minerals are also important for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if nutrient needs are not met. Sponsored post Cannabis contains the chemical compound THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol), which is believed to be responsible for most of the characteristic psychoactive effects of cannabis that leads to the "high" that is experienced when cannabis is consumed. Guest post They can mislead people into thinking that radiotherapy and chemotherapy are evil treatments that don’t work, their doctors are their enemies, and that all a person with cancer needs is natural cannabis. Contribute to this site Attorneys on both sides recruited botanists to provide expert testimony. Blog for us [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Guest post guidelines Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. This post was written by According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), "the amount of THC present in a cannabis sample is generally used as a measure of cannabis potency. Write for us When eaten the effects take longer to start but often last longer too. Accepting guest posts There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS. Unlike plants, which generally gain carbon through photosynthesis, and so are called autotrophs, fungi do not possess chloroplasts and generally obtain carbon by breaking down and absorbing surrounding materials, and so are called heterotrophic saprotrophs. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. Accepting guest posts Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. Want to write a post THC appears to affect areas of the brain that control:. Become an author [4][by whom?] Its use for MS is approved in ten countries. Cannabis sativa is dioecious: there are separate male and female plants. Guest post guidelines Indica-dominant strains are short plants with broad, dark green leaves and have higher cannabidiol content than the sativa plants in which THC content is higher. Indeed, Morgan and colleagues carried out a study on 120 current users, which included 66 daily and 54 recreational users, whose hair analyses revealed their THC and CBD amounts. Start-up secures first permit in more than 20 years for commercial cannabis cultivation. Guest post policy This vocation was very common down to the Han dynasty. [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. Guest poster wanted [28][29] Linguistics offers further evidence of prehistoric use of cannabis by Germanic peoples: The word hemp derives from Old English hænep, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz, from the same Scythian word that cannabis derives from. [4] Oral preparations are "problematic due to the uptake of cannabinoids into fatty tissue, from which they are released slowly, and the significant first-pass liver metabolism, which breaks down Δ9THC and contributes further to the variability of plasma concentrations". Contributor guidelines 8 times for the 60 minutes after consumption. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacteria. Some immediate undesired side effects include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills and reddening of the eyes.


Cannabis: Uses, Effects and Safety guest posting rules

Guest posts wanted It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law. [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). Submit a guest post The genome of a plant controls its growth. Stearn designated Linnaeus to be the lectotype of H. A 2012 review found that the THC content in marijuana had increased worldwide from 1970 to 2009. Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. [31][32] He was registered as Carolus Linnæus, the Latin form of his full name, which he also used later for his Latin publications. [99] About 7,000 species of plant have been used for food, though most of today's food is derived from only 30 species. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. [296][297] Contrary to popular belief, cannabis is not legal in the Netherlands[298] but it has been decriminalized since the 1970s. [85] Mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy have children with elevated levels of depression, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. Guest post by In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacteria. Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. Submit article [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. Building a Career in Drug Science. Researchers haven’t found any links between smoking weed and cancers in the lung, head, or the neck. Guest post policy These nudges towards psychosis can include challenging, isolated lives, losing a parent, facing hostility (e. Together with tobacco, alcohol and caffeine, it is one of the most widely consumed drugs throughout the world, and has been used as a drug and a source of fibre since historical times. Seventeen months later, Sara gave birth to their first son, Carl. 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. This is a guest post by Though the number of cannabis consumers is greater than opiate and cocaine consumers, the lower prices of cannabis mean that, in economic terms, the cannabis market is much smaller than the opiate or cocaine market. There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS. Become guest writer [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. Want to write a post They are then rapidly removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters, often referred to as anandamide membrane transporters, which facilitate their breakdown by internalizing the molecule and allowing access to fatty acid amide hydrolase [Pertwee, 2010]. Submitting a guest post Another Swedish scientist, Johan Andreas Murray issued the Regnum Vegetabile section separately in 1774 as the Systema Vegetabilium, rather confusingly labelled the 13th edition. Whether the drug and non-drug, cultivated and wild types of Cannabis constitute a single, highly variable species, or the genus is polytypic with more than one species, has been a subject of debate for well over two centuries. A newer proposed classification follows Leliaert et al. Submit blog post [146] Researchers at John Jay College of Criminal Justice reported that dietary zinc supplements can mask the presence of THC and other drugs in urine. Looking for guest posts Although global abnormalities in white matter and grey matter are not associated with heavy cannabis use, reduced hippocampal volume is consistently found. ’ Along with a number of its isomers and stereochemical variants, Δ9-THC is listed in Schedule I of the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Publish your guest post This is the name given for particular strains of grass that are very strong. Become an author In addition, a number of recently identified compounds that differ structurally from cannabinoids nevertheless share many of their pharmacological properties. [129][130] Cannabis may also increase the risk of depression, but insufficient research has been performed to draw a conclusion. Guest post courtesy of Just as in animals, plant cells differentiate and develop into multiple cell types. Submit guest post Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis. Submit post Scientists are studying this and whether it’s safe. Suggest a post It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use. "Skunk" refers to several named strains of potent cannabis, grown through selective breeding and sometimes hydroponics. In December, Linnaeus had a "disagreement" with Rudbeck's wife and had to move out of his mentor's house; his relationship with Rudbeck did not appear to suffer. Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. Guest posting Most people use a vapouriser which heats the cannabis, rather than burning it. Guest posts In contrast, most other algae (e. In the early 20th century, the single-species concept was still widely accepted, except in the Soviet Union where Cannabis continued to be the subject of active taxonomic study. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis (marijuana). Looking for guest posts In the United States alone, it is believed that over 100 million Americans have tried cannabis, with 25 million Americans having used it within the past year. Another indicator for a higher psychosis risk is the presence of subclinical psychotic features and again such individuals have been affected by a higher risk of developing a psychotic illness [Henquet et al. Guest posts Epilepsy Currents: “Cannabidiol: Promise and Pitfalls. There is insufficient data to draw strong conclusions about the safety of medical cannabis. Submit your content At higher doses, effects can include altered body image, auditory and/or visual illusions, pseudohallucinations and ataxia from selective impairment of polysynaptic reflexes. Serious side effects can occur. Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. Ten weeks later, Artedi drowned in the canals of Amsterdam, leaving behind an unfinished manuscript on the classification of fish. For the majority of plants to grow successfully they also require oxygen in the atmosphere and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. [41] Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. Guest article Rosales is an order that falls under the kingdom of Plantae. Guest post policy 4 million) in its initial public offering, with a starting market value of just over £48 million ($69. Guest posting [103] Cannabis was removed from the U. Contributor guidelines An analysis by Drug Science which added up and compared the harm caused by 20 different drugs in the UK placed cannabis roughly in the middle; it causes more harm to society than several other illegal drugs (mostly because there are many more users) but less harm to its users than the legal drugs tobacco and alcohol, both of which have a higher potential to cause serious illness and death. Following approval by the Riksdag of Sweden, Växjö University and Kalmar College merged on 1 January 2010 to become Linnaeus University. Guest post opportunities [4] It is mentioned in the original Hebrew Old Testament and in its Aramaic translations as both incense and as intoxicant. [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. [261] According to Daniel Forbes writing for slate. In relation to people with psychosis, health risks are even higher with stronger variants of the plant. At an epidemiological level, a dose–response relationship exists between cannabis use and increased risk of psychosis[28][123][124][125] and earlier onset of psychosis. Become an author Tobacco is also addictive, much more so than cannabis, so smoking cannabis joints can be a ‘gateway’ to a harmful and expensive tobacco addiction. Want to write a post [222] These laws have had an adverse effect on cannabis cultivation for non-recreational purposes, but there are many regions where handling of cannabis is legal or licensed. These binomials could serve as a label to refer to the species. Submitting a guest post Some jurisdictions use free voluntary treatment programs and/or mandatory treatment programs for frequent known users. [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use.  Cannabis oil (hashish oil) is a concentrate of cannabinoids obtained by solvent extraction of the crude plant material or of the resin. Submit blog post University of Mississippi: “Marijuana Research. Cultivation and distribution of marijuana are felonies; possession for personal use is a misdemeanor; possession of “paraphernalia” is also illegal. When smoked, it normally takes a minute or two to feel stoned. Regularly using tobacco also increases the risk of tobacco-related diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. This is a guest post by As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. Submitting a guest post [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Endocannabinoids are removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters. For example, selected varieties or genotypes of wheat grow rapidly, maturing within 110 days, whereas others, in the same environmental conditions, grow more slowly and mature within 155 days. Sponsored post by Sometimes, they will feel fine after a few minutes, sometimes they will not feel good, but will be able to hold out with some friendly support until they sober up a bit. Writers wanted In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. Getting a criminal record for a cannabis offence can have many bad consequences. The biological basis of this variable sensitivity is yet unclear. Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. Even though you can find a member of the order Rosales anywhere the specific families grow in different specific geographical locations. Guest post guidelines A 2015 meta-analysis found that, although a longer period of abstinence was associated with smaller magnitudes of impairment, both retrospective and prospective memory were impaired in cannabis users. Contribute to this site Linnaeus quickly discovered the specimen was a fake cobbled together from the jaws and paws of weasels and the skins of snakes. [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. Contributing writer That means you can’t stop using it even if it harms your relationships, job, health, or finances. According to this research, people who start using cannabis in their teens tend to have more memory and learning problems than those who don’t use cannabis in their teens. Contributing writer However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Eating cannabis may result in a large dose being taken in one go, making it difficult to avoid unpleasant reactions. Nabiximols is used for treatment of spasticity associated with MS when other therapies have not worked, and when an initial trial demonstrates "meaningful improvement". Linnaeus travelled clockwise around the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, making major inland incursions from Umeå, Luleå and Tornio. He then returned to Hartekamp, bringing with him many specimens of rare plants. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. A 2011 systematic review evaluated published studies of the acute and long-term cognitive effects of cannabis. Submit post The study found that carriers of the COMT valine158 allele were most likely to exhibit psychotic symptoms and to develop schizophreniform disorder if they used cannabis before the age of 15. Submit your content Several of the Tarim mummies excavated near Turpan in Xinjiang province of Northwestern China were buried with sacks of cannabis next to their heads. [290] Reviews in 2019 found that research was insufficient to determine the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat schizophrenia, psychosis, or other mental disorders. Cannabis is used for a wide variety of purposes. Submit content Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. If you’re caught driving under the influence, you may receive a heavy fine, driving ban, or prison sentence. Unlike many psychoactive substances, cannabinoids are not nitrogenous bases. [203] Smoking pipes uncovered in Ethiopia and carbon-dated to around c. This is a guest post by Pogge and Wissman, during their explorations of 1881, visited the Bashilenge, living on the northern borders of the Lundu, between Sankrua and Balua. Guest contributor guidelines [28][29] Linguistics offers further evidence of prehistoric use of cannabis by Germanic peoples: The word hemp derives from Old English hænep, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz, from the same Scythian word that cannabis derives from.


A Quick Take on Cannabis and Its Effects guest post-

In fact, CBD on its own has been tried out as a treatment for psychosis, and results are promising. Extremely hot showers and topical capsaicin cream have been found to relieve symptoms of CHS, but exactly why this occurs is not known. As an antiemetic, these medications are usually used when conventional treatment for nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy fail to work. This is a guest post by That unleashes a chemical called dopamine, which gives you a euphoric, relaxed feeling. [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. sativa was presumably selected for traits that enhance fiber or seed production, whereas C. Rothman showed Linnaeus that botany was a serious subject. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. iPlayerA whirlwind romance for two young lovers. Guest blogger guidelines In the dioecious plants the masculine inflorescences are long and look like panicles, while the feminine are shorter and bear fewer flowers. Plants may cause harm to animals, including people. They are precursors to cannabinoids. Guest post- Pregnant women who continue to smoke cannabis are probably at greater risk of giving birth to low birthweight babies. "Because of this, we invest significant resources in disrupting this activity and identifying those responsible. However, there has been a dramatic increase in research exploring this system during the last decade and it is considered to be one of the fastest growing fields in psychopharmacology, whilst the number of ‘classic’ neurotransmitter’ studies have either declined or remained the same [Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. Normally the heart beats about 50 to 70 times a minute. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. People from all over the world sent their specimens to Linnaeus to be included. Write for us [129][130] Countries with the most relaxed policies include Canada,[131] Uruguay,[109] and the Netherlands,[109] where cannabis can be purchased without need for a prescription. Submit content [39] They also commented that these analyses confirm the continuity of the Cannabis gene pool throughout the studied accessions, and provide further confirmation that the genus consists of a single species, although theirs was not a systematic study per se. Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general approach toward cannabis was lenient even before official decriminalization. Become an author [63] A French review from 2009 came to a conclusion that cannabis use, particularly that before age 15, was a factor in the development of schizophrenic disorders. Submit article According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, there were 455,000 emergency room visits associated with cannabis use in 2011. Guest posting [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Struggling to hold your breath when you want to cough or breathe out can create sudden pressure changes in the lungs, as can sucking very forcefully from a bong. The drug use must be "implicated" in the emergency department visit, but does not need to be the direct cause of the visit. Want to write for This means it is illegal to cultivate, produce, supply or possess the drug, except in accordance with a Home Office licence issued for research or other special purposes. Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. Plants that produce windblown pollen invoke allergic reactions in people who suffer from hay fever. Guest posts [52][53] However, on the expedition to Lapland, Linnaeus used Latin names to describe organisms because he had not yet developed the binomial system. [87][88] Once again, Linnaeus found a patron; he became acquainted with Count Carl Gustav Tessin, who helped him get work as a physician at the Admiralty. Become guest writer Cannabidiol (CBD), which has no psychotropic effects by itself[53] (although sometimes showing a small stimulant effect, similar to caffeine),[94] attenuates, or reduces[95] the higher anxiety levels caused by THC alone. Guest article The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction reports that typical retail prices in Europe for cannabis varied from €2 to €20 per gram in 2008, with a majority of European countries reporting prices in the range €4–10. We are working with legislators to realise the importance of studies that don’t follow strict and expensive trials and they are beginning to see the benefit of this new approach. Sponsored post [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. Become a contributor Plants are the primary producers in most terrestrial ecosystems and form the basis of the food web in those ecosystems. American Cancer Society: “Marijuana and Cancer. But experts still aren’t sure how strong this link is. Journal of Experimental Medicine: “Cannabinoids suppress inflammatory and neuropathic pain by targeting α3 glycine receptors. Tärnström never reached his destination, dying of a tropical fever on Côn Sơn Island the same year. [22] More recent excavations indicate the cannabis used in the most ancient burials were devoid of THC, while significantly stronger psychoactive cannabis was employed at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that relates to feelings of pleasure. The name Cannabis indica was listed in various Pharmacopoeias, and was widely used to designate Cannabis suitable for the manufacture of medicinal preparations.  In this example, it would be the illegality of cannabis use rather than cannabis use itself that leads most directly to contact with heroin. Flowers are grouped to form cymes. Optimal plant growth can be hampered by grazing animals, suboptimal soil composition, lack of mycorrhizal fungi, and attacks by insects or plant diseases, including those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. At an epidemiological level, a dose–response relationship exists between cannabis use and increased risk of psychosis[28][123][124][125] and earlier onset of psychosis. He also produced a book on the plants grown in the Uppsala Botanical Garden, Adonis Uplandicus. Guest post by The maximum sentence for possession is 5 years and a fine or both. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Rosales were in the superorder Rosiflorae (also called Rosanae). Within two weeks he had completed his oral and practical examinations and was awarded a doctoral degree. Borrowed from Latin cannabis (“hemp”), from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). However, this political classification of cannabis is not a good guide to its harmfulness compared to other drugs or to the likely legal consequences of getting caught with it. Skunk cannabis potency ranges usually from 6% to 15% and rarely as high as 20%. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. [4] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. Write for us During his stay, Linnaeus helped Burman with his Thesaurus Zeylanicus. First, they travelled to Öland and stayed there until 21 June, when they sailed to Visby in Gotland. Guest post opportunities It is highly lipophilic and widely distributed in the body. Sponsored post The other group within the Viridiplantae are the mainly freshwater or terrestrial Streptophyta, which consists of the land plants together with the Charophyta, itself consisting of several groups of green algae such as the desmids and stoneworts. It can also be both the drug use and the problems that are caused by something else entirely. [4] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. Want to write an article [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. Contribute to our site [83] Similar to delta-9-THC, a majority of CBD is excreted in feces and some in the urine. Guest post policy [87] In 1769 he was elected to the American Philosophical Society for his work. [92] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Guest-post [4] Dronabinol, synthetic THC, is listed as Schedule II. Guest post [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Contribute to this site [91] Plants use their leaves to shade other plants from sunlight and grow quickly to maximize their own expose. There is evidence supporting the use of cannabis or its derivatives in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, neuropathic pain, and multiple sclerosis. Become an author state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). Only a small proportion of those who try cannabis go on to use heroin. Cannabis has been cultivated in China since Neolithic times, for instance, hemp cords were used to create the characteristic line designs on Yangshao culture pottery). Write for us [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. With an additional monetary contribution by the Scottish doctor Isaac Lawson, the manuscript was published as Systema Naturae (1735). Guest post by [202] It was used by Muslims in various Sufi orders as early as the Mamluk period, for example by the Qalandars. Want to write for Before that, ancestors had used the patronymic naming system of Scandinavian countries: his father was named Ingemarsson after his father Ingemar Bengtsson. No holiday, no trade agreement, no peace treaty was transacted without it. 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Various types of Cannabis have been described, and variously classified as species, subspecies, or varieties:[50]. Guest post policy Imported herbal cannabis occurs as compressed blocks of dried brown vegetable matter comprising the flowering tops, leaves, stalks and seeds of Cannabis sativa. Burman also helped Linnaeus with the books on which he was working: Fundamenta Botanica and Bibliotheca Botanica. The acute effects of cannabis use has been recognized for many years, and recent studies have confirmed and extended earlier findings. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies. [108] It is thought that his activism played a role in his choice of the term Mammalia for the class of organisms. Cannabis is almost always smoked, often mixed with tobacco. It is a complex plant with about 426 chemical entities, of which more than 60 are cannabinoid compounds [Dewey, 1986]. Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC. [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbial signatures. Guest blogger guidelines For example, if you drive when stoned or high you double your chances of having a fatal or serious injury car crash, but if you drive after mixing cannabis with alcohol, you’re 16 times more likely to crash. The low bioavailability is largely attributed to significant first-pass metabolism in the liver and erratic absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Articles wanted The leaves of the mulberry provide food for the silkworms used in commercial silk production. [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. For good quality herbal cannabis the price rose to £55, while for resin cannabis the average price was £27. Guest posting rules Indeed drug challenge studies with d-9-THC on healthy volunteers have shown a broad range of transient symptoms, behaviours and cognitive deficits ranging from anxiety to psychosis to transient memory disturbance [D’Souza et al. Soon, he changed place with the other Professor of Medicine, Nils Rosén, and thus was responsible for the Botanical Garden (which he would thoroughly reconstruct and expand), botany and natural history, instead. In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their original growth positions. [45] The first genome sequence of Cannabis, which is estimated to be 820 Mb in size, was published in 2011 by a team of Canadian scientists. 4 million) in its initial public offering, with a starting market value of just over £48 million ($69. Conflict of interest statement: The author declare no conflicts of interest in preparing this article. Experiencing some psychotic symptoms whilst stoned isn’t the same as actually being psychotic. Building a Career in Drug Science. Submit article They were the most promising, most committed students, and all of them made botanical expeditions to various places in the world, often with his help. Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, adapted and updated from Russo and Guy [2006]. Guest post courtesy of Heavy use of high-THC cannabis like skunk seems to nudge people towards developing psychosis, makes it appear earlier in people who might have got it anyway, makes psychosis worse in people living with it already, and makes it harder to recover. [63] A French review from 2009 came to a conclusion that cannabis use, particularly that before age 15, was a factor in the development of schizophrenic disorders. [205] Examples of classic literature of the period featuring cannabis include Les paradis artificiels (1860) by Charles Baudelaire and The Hasheesh Eater (1857) by Fitz Hugh Ludlow. On more degradation CBN is formed. [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. Submit blog post [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. Guest post policy Miller was in fact reluctant to use the new binomial nomenclature, preferring the classifications of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and John Ray at first. If you need support with giving up cannabis:. Lannerus noticed Linnaeus's interest in botany and gave him the run of his garden.


How Pot Affects Your Mind and Body guest contributor guidelines

Sponsored post by [48] The long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. Contributor guidelines Because of the involvement of these systems they affect functions such as cognition, memory, motor movements and pain perception [Howlett et al. Thirty-three fish specimens preserved in alcohol were not sent and were later lost. Secondary psychoactive effects, such as a facility for philosophical thinking, introspection and metacognition have been reported among cases of anxiety and paranoia. However, higher CBD in hair was associated with lower psychosis-like symptoms and better recognition memory. Because THC production drops off once pollination occurs, the male plants (which produce little THC themselves) are eliminated before they shed pollen to prevent pollination, thus inducing the development of parthenocarpic fruits gathered in dense infructescences. ”; Mayo Clinic: “Medical marijuana,” “Is medical marijuana legal?”; American Lung Association: “Marijuana and Lung Health. That means that in theory, getting caught by the police with any amount of cannabis can lead to up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Submit guest post [24][23] There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis,[28][29] though the direction of causality is debated. Articles wanted Most folks use marijuana for pleasure and recreation. Submit an article Smoking usually offers the quickest way to feel its effects:. Some cannabinoids can have euphoric or psychoactive effects. However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. Linnaeus also travelled to Oxford University to visit the botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius. Competition occurs when members of the same species, or several different species, compete for shared resources in a given habitat. Want to contribute to our website [185][186] In the tenth edition of Systema Naturae he further detailed phenotypical characteristics for each variety, based on the concept of the four temperaments from classical antiquity,[187][dubious – discuss] and changed the description of Asians' skin tone to "luridus" (yellow). Christina was the daughter of the rector of Stenbrohult, Samuel Brodersonius. When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. Publish your guest post In 1785, noted evolutionary biologist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck published a description of a second species of Cannabis, which he named Cannabis indica Lam. He also testified frequently in court. [18] "At a very early period the Chinese recognized the Cannabis plant as dioecious",[19] and the (c. Guest blogger guidelines Most people use a vapouriser which heats the cannabis, rather than burning it. Enormous gourd pipes were used. The third, called charas or hashish, consists of the resinous buds and/or extracted resin from the leaves of the marijuana plant. CBD can be made into CBD oil and sold as pills, gels, creams, and other formulas. Want to write for In the far north, among the nomadic tribes of Mongolia and Siberia, shamanism was widespread and common until rather recent times. THC can also affect sensory perception. This helps explain why one substance, in different cultural contexts, can have such different effects. In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. Guest article Tärnström's widow blamed Linnaeus for making her children fatherless, causing Linnaeus to prefer sending out younger, unmarried students after Tärnström. The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis. Backers of themed ETFs optimistic after rulings by UN and European Court of Justice boost investor sentiment. CBD has also been proposed to have antipsychotic effects and is considered a potential antipsychotic medicine, particularly due its relatively low side-effect profile [Zuardi et al. Cannabis was criminalized in various countries beginning in the 19th century. Tärnström's widow blamed Linnaeus for making her children fatherless, causing Linnaeus to prefer sending out younger, unmarried students after Tärnström. Overall research into the health effects of medical cannabis has been of low quality and it is not clear whether it is a useful treatment for any condition, or whether harms outweight any benefit. Normal cognition is restored after approximately three hours for larger doses via a smoking pipe, bong or vaporizer. This is a guest post by If someone does feel ill, it usually doesn’t last long and the person may recover faster if they lie down with their feet up. Become guest writer However, the second major compound, CBD, does not affect locomotor activity, body temperature or memory on its own. Despite its significance in the endocannabinoid system, little is known about the cannabinoid transporters. Become an author Linnaeus was born in Råshult, the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts. [10][11] Many ornamental species of plant are also in the family Rosaceae, including the rose after which the family and order were named. Guest post- The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. This depends on how much you smoke. There is serious suspicion among cardiologists, spurring research but falling short of definitive proof, that cannabis use has the potential to contribute to cardiovascular disease. Cannabis-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Cannabinoid absorption is dependent on its route of administration. Want to write for [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. The feeling will typically wear off after about 2 hours. [201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. The cannabis was presumably employed by this culture as a medicinal or psychoactive agent, or an aid to divination. Guest blogger But like all drugs that distort the way you think and behave, cannabis use creates a risk of hurting yourself doing something stupid, ranging from trying to cook to trying to cross a motorway. [85] Cannabis vaporizers have gained popularity because of a perception among users that fewer harmful chemicals are ingested when components are inhaled via aerosol rather than smoke. Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. [8] These families and their placement in the APG III system are:[1]. Guest posters wanted Importantly, though, cannabis use involves people in the buying of illegal drugs, making it more likely that they will meet with an offer of other drugs. Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. As long as you pay that within 21 days, there's no criminal record. Guest posts wanted Within the order Rosales is the family Rosaceae, which includes numerous species that are cultivated for their fruit, making this one of the most economically important families of plants. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. Write for us Using cannabis can also entail some risks. Become guest writer In this article we will provide an overview of the different effects of the two main compounds of the plant, as well as its effects upon different sections of the population. Jiang said this is the first archeological discovery of complete cannabis plants, as well as the first incidence of their use as a burial shroud. Writers wanted The baby might weigh less when it is born, and the child might have a bigger chance of having behaviour problems and doing worse at school as it grows up. Earlier Precambrian fossils are known that resemble single-cell green algae, but definitive identity with that group of algae is uncertain. Some material which needed special care (alcohol specimens) or ample storage space was moved from the private collection to the museum. Submit post [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. Long-term, heavy use of marijuana (THC) can lead to a condition called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. Guest column The force has seized about 1,200 plants with an approximate street value of £270,000 from Grimsby over the past 18 months and also recently discovered a large grow in nearby Scunthorpe. Since then, many different types of sex determination systems have been discovered, particularly in plants. In its listing announcement, OCT said its "primary market focus is the total addressable pain market, which is estimated to be worth at least £42. Guest-blogger Even people who have enjoyed using cannabis before can unexpectedly find that it gives them bad rather than good feelings. Want to contribute to our website Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives (used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. Here we have provided an overview of the available information on the risk factors which may make an individual more at risk, such as predisposition to psychosis, schizotypal personality and certain susceptibility genes. [22] Linnaeus rarely studied, often going to the countryside to look for plants. Publish your guest post It can also make you hungry, known as having ‘the munchies’, or make you feel sick, known as ‘a whitey’. Impact of COVID-19 on drug services and help-seeking in Europe (May 2020). [89] A 2014 review found that while cannabis use may be less harmful than alcohol use, the recommendation to substitute it for problematic drinking was premature without further study. In 2005, a genetic analysis of the same set of accessions led to a three-species classification, recognizing C. In the US, most consumers grow their own or buy it from cannabis dispensaries in states where it is legal. Also a botanist, Rothman broadened Linnaeus's interest in botany and helped him develop an interest in medicine. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Cannabis research is challenging since the plant is illegal in most countries. 1 million plants with an estimated street value of £207 million were recovered during the 2011/2012 survey period. Blog for us A 2008 National Institutes of Health study of 19 chronic heavy marijuana users with cardiac and cerebral abnormalities (averaging 28 g to 272 g (1 to 9+ oz) weekly) and 24 controls found elevated levels of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) in the chronic smokers. Writers wanted Harm Reduction Journal: “Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic. Guest blogger guidelines [68] Medical marijuana was legalized in Mexico in mid-2017; legislators plan to legalize its recreational use by late 2019. Sativa is the most widespread variety, which is usually tall, laxly branched, and found in warm lowland regions. According to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, there is conclusive evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids can help manage:. Guest blogger guidelines Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. The question of whether heteromorphic sex chromosomes are indeed present is most conveniently answered if such chromosomes were clearly visible in a karyotype. Contribute to this site When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts. More research is needed to be sure about this. Guest post by [121] One review found three prospective cohort studies that examined the relationship between self reported cannabis use and intelligence quotient (IQ). On Linnaeus's recommendation, Solander travelled to England in 1760, where he met the English botanist Joseph Banks. Seventeen months later, Sara gave birth to their first son, Carl. Submit article According to this research, people who start using cannabis in their teens tend to have more memory and learning problems than those who don’t use cannabis in their teens. But not everyone can benefit from the medical properties of cannabis, and trying to use it as a medicine without a doctor’s guidance might do more harm than good. the World Flora Online and World Plants both list about 350,000 species. Guest blogger One of the earliest to use this plant in medical purposes was Korakkar, one of the 18 Siddhas. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. Guest post courtesy of EU Drug Markets — Impact of COVID-19 (May 2020). [138] Six other apostles later died on their expeditions, including Pehr Forsskål and Pehr Löfling. This article looks at 13 ways to stop a panic attack. Psychologically, use of cannabis has been reported to cause anxiety and paranoia in some users and studies have suggested that it can be a trigger for underlying mental health problems.


Cannabis: the facts - Healthy body contributing writer

In addition, a number of recently identified compounds that differ structurally from cannabinoids nevertheless share many of their pharmacological properties. Primary psychoactive effects include a state of relaxation, and to a lesser degree, euphoria from its main psychoactive compound, tetrahydrocannabinol. While they both treat allergy symptoms, they're not identical medications. Blog for us To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. In 1545, cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber. There is an increasing demand of treatment for cannabis use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries, and there has been increased attention to the public health aspects of cannabis use and related disorders in international drug policy dialogues. Smoking has been the means of administration of cannabis for many users, but it is not suitable for the use of cannabis as a medicine. Linnaeus was familiar with European hemp, which was widely cultivated at the time. Submitting a guest post It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped in pregnancy. Submit guest article Also, the term “marijuana” is falling out of favor due to its racist history. [135] Prior to December 2020 it was also included in Schedule IV, a subset of Schedule I, which is for only the most dangerous drugs such as heroin and fentanyl. Guest post policy It is present in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and many states of the United States, including Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Ohio, Oregon, Wyoming, Texas, and Tennessee with at least one other chapter forming in New York. Skunk’s strength and speed can sometimes catch out inexperienced users. Nevertheless, Linnaeus is credited with establishing the idea of a hierarchical structure of classification which is based upon observable characteristics and intended to reflect natural relationships. The mechanism of action for CBD is not yet clear, as this compound does not bind to CB1Rs or CB2Rs [Tsou et al. Submit your content In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. Articles wanted "[5] Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist. Guest article Linnaeus and Sohlberg were forced to flee from Hamburg. Guest posting guidelines Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. Become guest writer It is a cross-breed of Cannabis sativa and C. For instance, in a heteromer complex, not only the antagonist of CB1R but also the other receptor antagonist can block the inhibitory effect of CB1R agonist. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. [10] The Cannabis plant has been highly prized for millennia for its hemp, which has numerous uses. Herodotus also noted that the Thracians, a people who had intimate contact with the Scythians, introduced the plant to the Dacians where it became popular among a shamanic cult named the Kapnobatai, or "Those Who Walk in the Clouds. The magnitude of down regulation is associated with cumulative cannabis exposure, and is reversed after one month of abstinence. However, cannabis can play a very destructive role in some people’s lives, particularly if they become addicted to it. Cities, municipalities, employers, landlords, and universities may have special policies about the use of marijuana. Guest post: Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. Guest blogger guidelines The effect of cannabinoids from cannabis on the endocannabinoid system doesn’t entirely explain how cannabis users feel and act when they are stoned. The fungal endophyte, Neotyphodium coenophialum, in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) does tremendous economic damage to the cattle industry in the U. CBD also decreased the anxiety component of d-9-THC effects in such a way that the subjects reported more pleasurable effects. Want to write a post [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. Submit post Experts do not know exactly how frequent and long-term cannabis use affects a person’s health. thinking people are plotting against you) delusions (e. Higher taxa were constructed and arranged in a simple and orderly manner. Carl's father was the first in his ancestry to adopt a permanent surname. Antisocial personality disorder involves patterns of disregard for the rights of others. Guest blogger guidelines [72] It contains the first use of the name Nepenthes, which Linnaeus used to describe a genus of pitcher plants. Become a contributor Burial tombs of the Phrygians and Scythians frequently contained cannabis sativa seeds. It characteristically produces, in a dose-dependent manner, hypoactivity, hypothermia, spatial and verbal short-term memory impairment [Hayakawa et al. Articles wanted Later, a phylogeny based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was proposed. Cannabis has not been linked to birth defects, but research suggests that using cannabis regularly during pregnancy could affect a baby's brain development as they get older. Medical cannabis can be administered through various methods, including capsules, lozenges, tinctures, dermal patches, oral or dermal sprays, cannabis edibles, and vaporizing or smoking dried buds. Guest posts wanted ” Some research suggests that might help people with AIDS, cancer, or other illnesses regain weight. Guest-post His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. [46] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, coughing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Humans depend on plants for food, either directly or as feed for domestic animals. Guest post: Serebriakova and Sizov split the two C. Looking for guest posts The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. Guest post guidelines [18] "At a very early period the Chinese recognized the Cannabis plant as dioecious",[19] and the (c. Publish your guest post Medical marijuana comes in various forms for use, including oil, tablet or capsule, liquid that can be vaporized, nasal spray, and the traditional dried leaves and buds thay can be smoked or taken as edibles. [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Suggest a post Some forms of cannabis or chemicals from cannabis have passed through the strict trials showing for example that it can help reduce painful symptoms for some people with MS. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. Read more information about cannabis on the Frank website.  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. The "gateway" drugs are merely those that are (usually) available at an earlier age than the harder drugs. [41] Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, plus 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). They call this “the munchies. Want to contribute to our website Minerals are also important for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if nutrient needs are not met. This attracted the attention of Rudbeck; in May 1730, he selected Linnaeus to give lectures at the University although the young man was only a second-year student. Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC. Submit guest article If you have chosen ‘yes’ to cannabis use, that firmly closes the door on avoiding risk entirely, but opens up a range of new choices you can make to push those risks down; the hows, whats, whens and whys. com, the relative strength of modern strains are likely skewed because undue weight is given to much more expensive and potent, but less prevalent, samples. [4][31][conflicted source?] A 2012 review found no problems with tolerance, abuse, or addiction. How do I talk to my 12-year-old about race? VideoHow do I talk to my 12-year-old about race?. Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. Looking for guest posts In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. The integument becomes a seed coat, and the ovule develops into a seed. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. This post was written by Within two weeks he had completed his oral and practical examinations and was awarded a doctoral degree. Sponsored post: He compared the behaviour of wild animals and pointed out how none of them denied their newborns their breastmilk. Guy for providing the inspiration for Table 1. Submit post In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. [7] The most studied are THC, CBD and CBN. Submit article In the United States, the use of cannabis for medical purposes is legal in 36 states, four out of five permanently inhabited U. Guest column They attributed universal magical powers to hemp, which was thought to combat all kinds of evil and they took it when they went to war and when they traveled. Use on any federal land, national park or monument is illegal. [150] However, this is disputed by researchers. Submitting a guest post Petrified wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most frequently found in arid or desert areas where it is more readily exposed by erosion. In 2020, the National Institute on Drug Abuse released a study backing allegations that marijuana is a gateway to harder drugs, though not for the majority of marijuana users. While the UK has a long history of importing cannabis resin, particularly from North Africa, the home grown market expanded significantly over the course of the 2000’s. It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. People who are addicted to cannabis don’t get seriously ill without it, but might find it just as hard to quit the drug or regain control over their use. Guest post: [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. Project Twenty21 - March Update. Want to contribute to our website This system has a role in controlling memory, mood, appetite, sleep and other functions. Per federal law, cannabis is illegal and a schedule 1 substance as noted in the U. [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. Pharmacopeia in 1941, and officially banned for any use with the passage of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. Guest poster wanted sativa is the preferred choice by users. Structural resources and fibres from plants are used to construct dwellings and to manufacture clothing. If the police catch people supplying illegal drugs in a home, club, bar or hostel, they can potentially prosecute the landlord, club owner or any other person concerned in the management of the premises. Submit post This study found that, during the encoding and recall conditions of the verbal memory task, the induction of psychotic symptoms by d-9-THC was correlated with the attenuated striatal and midbrain activation only in those who were G homozygotes of AKT1 and carriers of the 9-repeat allele dopamine transporter (DAT1) [Bhattacharyya et al. Become a guest blogger Some cannabinoids can have euphoric or psychoactive effects. Hopes for further liberalisation in the US and beyond spur flurry of dealmaking. On 17 October 2015, Australian health minister Sussan Ley presented a new law that will allow the cultivation of cannabis for scientific research and medical trials on patients. Submit your content Burial tombs of the Phrygians and Scythians frequently contained cannabis sativa seeds. In this way, cannabinoids from an outside source can change and disrupt normal brain function. Guest column Many trees in the genus Celtis are grown for landscaping and ornamental purposes. Suggest a post [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Linnaeus was also taught about the sexual reproduction of plants, according to Sébastien Vaillant. [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Most recently, another study has provided further support for a strong association between early cannabis use and the development of schizophrenia spectrum disorder symptoms [Anglin et al. Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. Cannabis resin is a compressed solid made from the resinous parts of the plant, and cannabis (hash) oil is a solvent extract of cannabis. Someone may suddenly look and feel pale, shaky and ill, (sometimes called greening out, or pulling a whitey) they may even vomit or collapse. Guest-post In April 1732, Linnaeus was awarded a grant from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala for his journey. Submit an article One problem with using unregulated or recreational drugs is that people cannot know exactly what they contain or how strong the effect will be. Contributor guidelines Impact of COVID-19 on drug services and help-seeking in Europe (May 2020).


Cannabis industry become a guest blogger

However, this can go up to a month for regular users. Guest column There are several references in Greek mythology to a powerful drug that eliminated anguish and sorrow. Want to write a post [5] When usual treatments are ineffective, cannabinoids have also been recommended for anorexia, arthritis, glaucoma,[17] and migraine. People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. There's been less research on it but smoking cannabis is likely to have many of the long term physical health risk as smoking tobacco (even if you don't mix the cannabis with tobacco). Inspector Adrian Luscombe, whose team led the operation, explained: "In Mexborough and the surrounding areas of Doncaster, we focus heavily on tacking organised crime gangs (OCG). [69] CB2 receptors are found peripherally throughout the body and are thought to modulate pain and inflammation. Sponsored post: Weeds are unwanted plants growing in managed environments such as farms, urban areas, gardens, lawns, and parks. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus and told him their names. Each has its own effects and uses:. [89][90] During this time in Stockholm, Linnaeus helped found the Royal Swedish Academy of Science; he became the first Praeses of the academy by drawing of lots. [87] The botanist Hui-lin Li wrote that in China, "The use of Cannabis in medicine was probably a very early development. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 3 May 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 May 2021), ASHP (updated 3 May 2021) and others. Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. "[88] Emperor Shen-Nung, who was also a pharmacologist, wrote a book on treatment methods in 2737 BCE that included the medical benefits of cannabis. This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. Submit post Project Twenty21 - April Update. If it is, consider talking to a doctor or pharmacist beforehand to make sure it won’t interact with any medications or supplements you take. [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Marijuana,” “What is marijuana?” “How does marijuana work?” “Secondhand Marijuana Smoke?” “What are marijuana's effects on lung health?” “What are marijuana's long-term effects on the brain?” “Researching Marijuana for Therapeutic Purposes: The Potential Promise of Cannabidiol (CBD). [41] Many researchers have suggested that sex in Cannabis is determined or strongly influenced by environmental factors. [46] Chronic heavy marijuana smoking is associated with coughing, production of sputum, wheezing, coughing, and other symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Want to write an article It is hard to work out though whether the cannabis causes these problems or if the cannabis use is a result of them, and individuals are using it to self-medicate. The use of cannabis as a mind-altering drug has been documented by archaeological finds in prehistoric societies in Eurasia and Africa. Want to contribute to our website Before this can happen, the FDA must first permit the study of the medical benefits and drawbacks of the substance, which it has not done since it was placed on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970. [220] Cannabis is rich in terpenes too. Cannabis was one of the first plant species to be karyotyped; however, this was in a period when karyotype preparation was primitive by modern standards (see History of Cytogenetics). In 1545, cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber. [154] He tried to rescue them from the neglect they had suffered during his father's later years, and also added further specimens. [193][194] Some research suggests that the ancient Indo-Iranian drug soma, mentioned in the Vedas, sometimes contained cannabis. [124][125] An anointing oil mentioned in Exodus is, by some translators, said to contain Cannabis. The pharmacology of cannabis is complicated by the presence of a wide range of cannabinoids. [176] It can be consumed orally or smoked, and is also vaporized, or 'vaped'. [196] Using it in some religious ceremonies, they called it qunubu (meaning "way to produce smoke"), a probable origin of the modern word "cannabis". Submit guest article (consisting of cultivated plants), and C. Become a contributor [4] It is difficult to predict the pharmacological response to cannabis because concentration of cannabinoids varies widely, as there are different ways of preparing it for consumption (smoked, applied as oils, eaten, infused into other foods, or drunk) and a lack of production controls. When heavy users do try to stop they can:. Yes, any time you mix drugs together you take on new risks. [87] The botanist Hui-lin Li wrote that in China, "The use of Cannabis in medicine was probably a very early development. The oldest archeological evidence for the burning of cannabis was found in Romanian kurgans dated 3,500 BC, and scholars suggest that the drug was first used in ritual ceremonies by Proto-Indo-European tribes living in the Pontic-Caspian steppe during the Chalcolithic period, a custom they eventually spread throughout western Eurasia during the Indo-European migrations. Via CB1 receptor activation, THC indirectly increases dopamine release and produces psychotropic effects. Cannabis usually causes no tolerance or withdrawal symptoms except in heavy users. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped in pregnancy. Regular or heavy cannabis use has been linked to changes in the female menstrual cycle and lower sperm count, or lower sperm quality in men. Although not all cannabis is cut, it’s very hard to know when it is or isn’t – so you could be smoking, eating or vaping chemicals from all sorts of unknown substances, including pesticides used when growing the cannabis. Earlier Precambrian fossils are known that resemble single-cell green algae, but definitive identity with that group of algae is uncertain. In fact, halving the amount you consume will probably take away more than half of the risk. Accepting guest posts Not everyone’s experience with marijuana is pleasant. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, while publishing several volumes. In the 1970s, the taxonomic classification of Cannabis took on added significance in North America. Using cannabis can also entail some risks. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain. Do not leave prescription THC medications (dronabinol, nabilone), marijuana, hash oil, or cannabis-infused edibles any place where children, pets, or anyone else may unknowingly consume the product. Guest posts wanted THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. Submit guest article [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. org: “The Care By Design product family. Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. Sponsored post People who use large quantities of cannabis may become sedated or disoriented and may experience toxic psychosis -- not knowing who they are, where they are, or what time it is. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). A wide variety of plants are poisonous. Guest post guidelines Cannabis is an annual, dioecious, flowering herb. Heavy cannabis users often get cravings and find it hard not to take the drug – even when they know it’s causing them physical, mental or social problems. The first is further metabolised to Δ9-THC-11-oic acid. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. Looking for guest posts [175] or from scraping the resin from the surface of the plants and rolling it into balls. [29] Ainsworth reviews that treatment with auxin and Ethylene as a plant hormone#ethylene have feminizing effects, and that treatment with cytokinins and gibberellins have masculinizing effects. [197] The Iranians also introduced cannabis to the Scythians, Thracians and Dacians, whose shamans (the kapnobatai—"those who walk on smoke/clouds") burned cannabis infructescences to induce trance. Indeed drug challenge studies with d-9-THC on healthy volunteers have shown a broad range of transient symptoms, behaviours and cognitive deficits ranging from anxiety to psychosis to transient memory disturbance [D’Souza et al. This is a guest post by [87][96] Anders Celsius had created the temperature scale named after him in 1742. The justice of this conclusion will be admitted: for in the first place, we must bear in mind the comparative insignificance for classification of the great development of the brain in man, and that the strongly marked differences between the skulls of man and the Quadrumana (lately insisted upon by Bischoff, Aeby, and others) apparently follow from their differently developed brains. Thus, for purposes of the court's analysis, it will assume that Israel's usage is consistent with his religious practice. Guest post state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize growing, sale and use of cannabis. [38] Regular cannabis use has not been shown to cause significant abnormalities in lung function. Guest post guidelines Chemical structures of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. Submit a guest post " The use of cannabis, and particularly of long-stemmed water-pipes called chalices, is an integral part of what Rastafari call "reasoning sessions" where members join together to discuss life according to the Rasta perspective. [142] In 2014, the startup Meadow began offering on-demand delivery of medical marijuana in the San Francisco Bay Area, through their mobile app. [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. Sponsored post: In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their original growth positions. The under-the-tongue route produces effects roughly half way between vaping /smoking and oral use. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus and told him their names. [132] The same limit applies in Switzerland, but no prescription is required to purchase. The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, terpinolene, pinene, humulene, ocimene and linalool. Tärnström never reached his destination, dying of a tropical fever on Côn Sơn Island the same year. The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. Articles wanted He added: "They may ask you to move your vehicle, or they might work extremely close to your car in order not to raise a direct concern and then you may see late night activity at an address with items being removed. Guest posts Alfie's a bigger kid than his students! iPlayerAlfie's a bigger kid than his students!. Want to write for Cannabis can deliver the positive effects its users hope for, but it doesn’t always do so, and it can cause harm too. Three months later, he moved to Stockholm to find employment as a physician, and thus to make it possible to support a family. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. Indeed further research has revealed that the endocannabinoid system also plays a significant role in various aspects of human reproduction [Taylor et al. In ancient Germanic paganism, cannabis was possibly associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. Publish your guest post A psychotic illness is one where you have hallucinations (seeing things that are not really there) and delusions (believing things that are not really true). This effect can be a result of a rapid drop in blood pressure. Submit a guest post This is particularly common during the festival of Diwali and Kumbha Mela. Charlie Hughes’ family drop their court case against NICE. Guest posting rules However, this political classification of cannabis is not a good guide to its harmfulness compared to other drugs or to the likely legal consequences of getting caught with it. sativa subspecies into 13 varieties, including four distinct groups within subspecies culta. In botany and zoology, the abbreviation L. Want to write for The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Sponsored post by [4] Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné). Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). [177] The term "rosin hash" refers to a high quality solventless product obtained through heat and pressure. Accepting guest posts Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. Want to write an article Medical marijuana is legal in some form in a majority of states. A wide variety of plants are poisonous.


Cannabaceae guest post courtesy of

Contribute to our site In modern vascular plants, the sporophyte is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing evidence that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. The following phylogenetic tree is from a cladistic analysis of DNA that was published in 2011. With Banks, Solander joined James Cook on his expedition to Oceania on the Endeavour in 1768–71. Writers wanted You can smoke it, vape it, drink it, or eat it. Proposed factors determining sensitivity to psychosis in cannabis users. You can smoke it, vape it, drink it, or eat it. The seaweeds range from large multicellular algae to single-celled organisms and are classified into three groups, the green algae, red algae and brown algae. Submit blog post Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using "an X/autosome dosage type". Here we have provided an overview of the available information on the risk factors which may make an individual more at risk, such as predisposition to psychosis, schizotypal personality and certain susceptibility genes. Guest poster wanted [89][90] During this time in Stockholm, Linnaeus helped found the Royal Swedish Academy of Science; he became the first Praeses of the academy by drawing of lots. Cannabis is taken to facilitate meditation and also heighten awareness of all aspects of the ceremony, with a large oral dosage being taken in time with the ceremony so that the climax of the "high" coincides with the climax of the ceremony. Soon Linnaeus was given his own patch of earth where he could grow plants. Sponsored post: Clinical trials are under way to test cannabis-based drugs for other conditions including cancer pain, the eye disease glaucoma, appetite loss in people with HIV or AIDS, and epilepsy in children. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in photosynthesis. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Another reason might be that the unfair ‘stoner’ stereotype of lazy, muddle-headed cannabis users (especially young males) subconsciously affects how they start to think about themselves or lowers the expectations other people like teachers have of their abilities, actually leading to lower achievement. Submitting a guest post Anyone using a hydroponic system, or growing more than a handful of plants, is likely to be charged with intent to supply, as well as production and possession. If you roll your spliffs with tobacco, you’re also at risk of getting addicted (or staying addicted) to nicotine. Guest post- "), the wet parts (alcohol collection) of which were later donated to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and is today housed in the Swedish Museum of Natural History at Stockholm. From least to most inclusive, these four groupings are:. Want to write an article Studies of long-term effects on cognition have provided conflicting results, with some studies finding no difference between long-term abstainers and never-users and others finding long-term deficits. [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. Contribute to our site In the spring of 1749, Linnaeus could finally journey to Scania, again commissioned by the Government. At freezing temperatures, water in the intercellular spaces of plant tissue freezes first, though the water may remain unfrozen until temperatures drop below −7 °C (19 °F). Medical marijuana is legal in some form in a majority of states. [4] The potential for adverse effects from smoke inhalation makes smoking a less viable option than oral preparations. Guest article Childhood Epilepsy Case Study: Gino Londra. parthenocarpic) infructescences of female cannabis plants. The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. Medical organizations that have issued statements in support of allowing access to medical cannabis include the American Nurses Association,[8] American Public Health Association,[147] American Medical Student Association,[148] National Multiple Sclerosis Society,[149] Epilepsy Foundation,[150] and Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. Many animals pollinate flowers in exchange for food in the form of pollen or nectar. Submit content Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. Contributing writer [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. Contributor guidelines Regularly using drugs such as cannabis can hold someone back simply by using up their time, and re-ordering their priorities, even if the drug itself doesn’t damage the brain. The short term effects of cannabis can be altered if it has been laced with opioid drugs such as heroin or fentanyl. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. Cannabis-based medicinal products, 2019 This guideline covers prescribing of cannabis-based medicinal products for people with intractable nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, spasticity and severe treatment-resistant epilepsy | NICE, UK. Plants are often used as memorials, gifts and to mark special occasions such as births, deaths, weddings and holidays. Guest post by Like alcohol or fast food, the most important thing is staying in control, not letting cannabis become an essential part of your lifestyle. If they are vomiting and intoxicated make sure their airways are cleared and consider putting them in the recovery position. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. Sign up for our daily updates here. Submit your content Pogge and Wissman, during their explorations of 1881, visited the Bashilenge, living on the northern borders of the Lundu, between Sankrua and Balua. Assets under management by pot-tracking ETFs are at an all-time high. indica as having poorer fiber quality than C. The EMCDDA is located at: Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré 1249-289 Lisbon Portugal Tel. There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using "an X/autosome dosage type". Guest blogger guidelines [54] Aside from a subjective change in perception and mood, the most common short-term physical and neurological effects include increased heart rate, increased appetite and consumption of food, lowered blood pressure, impairment of short-term and working memory,[55][56] psychomotor coordination, and concentration. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Sponsored post by Countries that allow the medical use of whole-plant cannabis include Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, and Uruguay. [86] The FDA issued a 2006 advisory against smoked medical cannabis stating: "marijuana has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and has a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. Symptoms tend to peak within the first week after stopping and last up to 2 weeks. Guest post: Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Become an author [118] Few high quality studies have been performed on the long-term effects of cannabis on cognition, and the results were generally inconsistent. Toronto lockdown: A year without indoor dining. Become a contributor Charlie Hughes’ family drop their court case against NICE. Guest post policy If you have chosen ‘yes’ to cannabis use, that firmly closes the door on avoiding risk entirely, but opens up a range of new choices you can make to push those risks down; the hows, whats, whens and whys. This endocannabinoid agonist was given the name ‘anandamide’, based on a Sanskrit word meaning ‘bliss’. Medical cannabis (or medical marijuana) refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, in an effort to treat disease or improve symptoms. Want to write a post But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. The oldest texts of Traditional Chinese Medicine listed herbal uses for cannabis and noted some psychodynamic effects. Guest posting [4] Cannabis contains more than 460 compounds;[7] at least 80 of these are cannabinoids[66][67] – chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Guest post policy These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. We replaced alcohol with marijuana and that made all of the difference. Sponsored post In May 1738, he set out for Sweden again. Accepting guest posts is used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for a species' name. Cultic use ranged from Romania to the Yenisei River and had begun by 3rd millennium BC Smoking hemp has been found at Pazyryk. Cannabis contains active ingredients called cannabinoids. [91] The ancient Egyptians used hemp (cannabis) in suppositories for relieving the pain of hemorrhoids. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Furthermore, it is also being developed as a possible ‘medicine’ for various other conditions, such as inflammation, diabetes, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases [Izzo et al. Thousands of plant species are cultivated for aesthetic purposes as well as to provide shade, modify temperatures, reduce wind, abate noise, provide privacy, and prevent soil erosion. [119] Cannabis use eventually became a ritual part of the Hindu festival of Holi. Use on any federal land, national park or monument is illegal. the World Flora Online and World Plants both list about 350,000 species. That is where the spirit of the ganja kicks in, that the more you share the more you get, the seed thing, that is how we rolled, when rolling really was a thing. Submit your content [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. Guest author THC, the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity. The greater number of naturalists who have taken into consideration the whole structure of man, including his mental faculties, have followed Blumenbach and Cuvier, and have placed man in a separate Order, under the title of the Bimana, and therefore on an equality with the orders of the Quadrumana, Carnivora, etc. Cannabis-based products come from the dried flowering tops, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. Recent epidemiological studies point towards a link between the use of cannabis and the development of a psychotic illness [Zammit et al. Guest post policy Smoking cannabis as well as tobacco might lead to more harm than smoking tobacco only. By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. Writers wanted The magnitude of down regulation is associated with cumulative cannabis exposure, and is reversed after one month of abstinence. They greeted each other with the expression "moio", meaning both "hemp" and "life. On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. Submit guest post In the US, the FDA has approved two oral cannabinoids for use as medicine: dronabinol and nabilone. This can be a serious situation, and they need to have medical assistance to give them the best chance of getting better fast without any lasting effects. In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. "[152] The three main forms of cannabis products are the flower/fruit, resin (hashish), and oil (hash oil). as a wild or escaped variety of low-intoxicant Cannabis, and C. Want to write an article However, hemp can refer to any industrial or foodstuff product that is not intended for use as a drug. [31][32] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections. [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Last medically reviewed on June 30, 2020. VideoFormer miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire. In the medieval Islamic world, Arabic physicians made use of the diuretic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Cannabis sativa, and used it extensively as medication from the 8th to 18th centuries. Guest posts The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). [8][9] Others oppose its legalization, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. This is because CBD interacts with THC and reduces its “stoned” effects. [121] One review found three prospective cohort studies that examined the relationship between self reported cannabis use and intelligence quotient (IQ). They come in a solid form known as 'dab' or 'shatter' and can be used as e-liquids in vape pens. [220] Cannabis is rich in terpenes too. Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. By the 10th century CE, it has been suggested that it was referred to by some in India as "food of the gods".


A Quick Take on Cannabis and Its Effects articles wanted

Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Cannabis has been associated with Central Asian burial rituals around the 5th century BCE, as archaeological excavations in 1947 of a series of burial mounds at Pazyryk in the Altai Mountains of Siberia revealed 1. Guest-post Inhaling – Sometimes cannabis may be inhaled via a pipe or bong. Linnaeus was born in the village of Råshult in Småland, Sweden, on 23 May 1707. [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. Furthermore, complex and intricate involvement of this system with other neurotransmitters such as dopamine, GABA and glutamatergic systems may have implications for the development of a psychotic illness. Guest poster wanted Medical marijuana comes in various forms for use, including oil, tablet or capsule, liquid that can be vaporized, nasal spray, and the traditional dried leaves and buds thay can be smoked or taken as edibles. One of the first scientists Linnaeus met in the Netherlands was Johan Frederik Gronovius to whom Linnaeus showed one of the several manuscripts he had brought with him from Sweden. It is suggested that these data illuminate the mechanism by which CB2Rs can negatively modulate CB1R function. [85] Mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy have children with elevated levels of depression, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Want to write a post Some permit the use of products containing only CBD, while others consider any kind of cannabis use a serious crime. Guest post policy This work takes a long time, especially as research and medical use of the drug is restricted by the law. Guest article Some plants are parasitic or mycotrophic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize, but still have flowers, fruits, and seeds. Submit blog post [181] Linnaeus tried to debunk some of these creatures, as he had with the hydra; regarding the purported remains of dragons, Linnaeus wrote that they were either derived from lizards or rays. Just as in animals, plant cells differentiate and develop into multiple cell types. Articles wanted Importantly, though, cannabis use involves people in the buying of illegal drugs, making it more likely that they will meet with an offer of other drugs. [93] Finally, the tertiary psychoactive effects of the drug cannabis, can include an increase in heart rate and hunger, believed to be caused by 11-OH-THC, a psychoactive metabolite of THC produced in the liver. Herbal/grass/weed/marijuana – This is the most common way to find cannabis. [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. Guest posters wanted The Hippies were right about everything. The study of plant uses by people is called economic botany or ethnobotany. The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. Guest posting guidelines [43] One study suggested that sustained heavy, daily, adolescent onset cannabis use over decades is associated with a decline in IQ by age 38, with no effects found in those who initiated cannabis use later, or in those who ceased use earlier in adulthood. The 10th edition of Systema Naturae introduced new terms, including Mammalia and Primates, the latter of which would replace Anthropomorpha[171] as well as giving humans the full binomial Homo sapiens. In rescheduling, the UN recognises that cannabis carries fewer risks than other Schedule IV drugs such as heroin. Looking for guest posts Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. [119] Furthermore, effect sizes of significant findings were generally small. Guest posting guidelines This helps avoid detection but reduces the CBD production of the plant. In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. Guest posting Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction. [122] Scopoli communicated all of his research, findings, and descriptions (for example of the olm and the dormouse, two little animals hitherto unknown to Linnaeus). Guest post policy "Because of this, we invest significant resources in disrupting this activity and identifying those responsible. sativa or a separate species, and proposed C. From Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Guest-blogger Rosales is an order that falls under the kingdom of Plantae. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ (i[r]. [118] Few high quality studies have been performed on the long-term effects of cannabis on cognition, and the results were generally inconsistent. Accepting guest posts Using less is the simplest and most effective way to avoid harm. In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[180][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa. Submit article India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. Suggest a post Linnaeus did not like him, writing in his autobiography that Telander "was better calculated to extinguish a child's talents than develop them". Hemp has been used by many civilizations, from China to Europe (and later North America) during the last 12,000 years. Looking for guest posts Indica-dominant strains are short plants with broad, dark green leaves and have higher cannabidiol content than the sativa plants in which THC content is higher. However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet, typically opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch. territories, and the District of Columbia. Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. Carbon dating has revealed that these plants may have been used for ritual/medicinal purposes in Xinjiang, China as early as 494 B. [3] Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabis can reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. Submit article [164][165][166][167] This is the most widely consumed form,[167] containing 3% to 20% THC,[168] with reports of up to 33% THC. Bhang, black, blast, blow, blunts, Bob Hope, bush, dope, draw, ganga, grass, hash, hashish, hemp, herb, marijuana, pot, puff, Northern Lights, resin, sensi, sensemilla, skunk, smoke, spliff, wacky backy, weed, zero etc. This illness is called Cannabis Hyperemesis, and in one case, the vomiting was violent enough to tear a hole in the oesophagus (food pipe). Writers wanted The major active principle in all cannabis products is Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC or simply THC), also known by its International Non-Proprietary Name (INN) as dronabinol. It does not please [you] that I've placed Man among the Anthropomorpha, perhaps because of the term 'with human form',[note 8] but man learns to know himself. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Submit guest article [11] Cannabis remains illegal at the federal level under the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies it as a Schedule I drug with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. [31][32] He was registered as Carolus Linnæus, the Latin form of his full name, which he also used later for his Latin publications. Guest posts One of the first scientists Linnaeus met in the Netherlands was Johan Frederik Gronovius to whom Linnaeus showed one of the several manuscripts he had brought with him from Sweden. Impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and harms (June 2020). Want to write an article [55][64] In 1940, Russian botanists Serebriakova and Sizov proposed a complex classification in which they also recognized C. Regular cannabis use increases the risk of developing a psychotic illness, such as schizophrenia. [136] The British botanist William T. Guest article Andrew Dickson White wrote in A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (1896):. [39][27][40] Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,. He adopted the Latinate name Linnæus after a giant linden tree (or lime tree), lind in Swedish, that grew on the family homestead. Indoor growing systems may be detectable by police helicopters using thermal imaging equipment, while high intensity lights cause unusually large electricity bills. Contributing writer The Gridiculous Pro Theme by bavotasan. Accepting guest posts Epiphytes may indirectly harm their host plant by intercepting mineral nutrients and light that the host would otherwise receive. Guest poster wanted [66] Although he failed to identify the true source of disease transmission, (i. There is insufficient data to draw strong conclusions about the safety of medical cannabis. As an adaptation to this kind of pollination, the calyx is short and there is no corolla. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. Cannabis-based medicinal products, 2019 This guideline covers prescribing of cannabis-based medicinal products for people with intractable nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, spasticity and severe treatment-resistant epilepsy | NICE, UK. [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Guest post [50] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. In addition, a number of recently identified compounds that differ structurally from cannabinoids nevertheless share many of their pharmacological properties. Writers wanted Researchers looked at twins who differed in their cannabis use but had the same family background, it was the disadvantaged background not the cannabis use that made the difference to their success. [7] Some American medical organizations have requested removal of cannabis from the list of Schedule I controlled substances maintained by the United States federal government, followed by regulatory and scientific review. Sinsemilla (Spanish for "without seed") is the dried, seedless (i. Before that, ancestors had used the patronymic naming system of Scandinavian countries: his father was named Ingemarsson after his father Ingemar Bengtsson. People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. This post was written by It can also make you hungry, known as having ‘the munchies’, or make you feel sick, known as ‘a whitey’. Guest post policy Cannabis-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Soft black resin, furry green leaves and hard brown lumps, cannabis can look very different depending on its type – but it all comes from cannabis plants. Induced parthenocarpy in pistilate flowers, and selective breeding are used to produce either higher or lower yields of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), other cannabinoids, as well as terpenes with desired flavors or aromas, such as blueberry, strawberry, or even citrus. Guest post guidelines Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize growing, sale and use of cannabis. This leads to a very sad situation where people who might possibly benefit from using a carefully produced cannabis medicine like Sativex cannot get it from their doctor or can only buy unpredictable illegal cannabis. In seed plants, the microgametophyte is reduced from a multicellular free-living organism to a few cells in a pollen grain and the miniaturised megagametophyte remains inside the megasporangium, attached to and dependent on the parent plant. As of 17 October 2018 when recreational use of cannabis was legalized in Canada, dietary supplements for human use and veterinary health products containing not more than 10 parts per million of THC extract were approved for marketing; Nabiximols (as Sativex) is used as a prescription drug in Canada. Articles wanted [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking. Almost 70% of medical cannabis is exported from the United Kingdom, according to a 2017 United Nations report, with much of the remaining amount coming from Canada and the Netherlands. [56] One widely applied criterion for species recognition is that species are "groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups. Reading, engaging with, and sharing our publications, papers and commentary gives evidence-based science and policy the audience it needs and deserves. Rosales is an order of flowering plants. Become guest writer "[166] This classification received criticism from other biologists such as Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Jacob Theodor Klein and Johann Georg Gmelin on the ground that it is illogical to describe man as human-like. [52] The two cannabinoids usually produced in greatest abundance are cannabidiol (CBD) and/or Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), but only THC is psychoactive. Contributing writer In 1745, Linnaeus inverted the scale to its present standard. An algal scum formed on the land 1,200 million years ago, but it was not until the Ordovician Period, around 450 million years ago, that land plants appeared. [101] Many hundreds of medicines are derived from plants, both traditional medicines used in herbalism[102][103] and chemical substances purified from plants or first identified in them, sometimes by ethnobotanical search, and then synthesised for use in modern medicine. This is a guest post by During Linnaeus's time as Professor and Rector of Uppsala University, he taught many devoted students, 17 of whom he called "apostles". Some plants, known as myco-heterotrophs, parasitize mycorrhizal fungi, and hence act as epiparasites on other plants. Cannabis with lots of THC and no CBD seems to be more addictive and have worse effects on memory. Contribute to our site West accuses Belarus of hijacking plane2.  sativa may be accepted as a single undivided species. Guest posting rules Because of the illegal status of cannabis, its consumers are likely to find themselves in situations allowing them to acquaint with individuals using or selling other illegal drugs. By the Silurian, fossils of whole plants are preserved, including the simple vascular plant Cooksonia in mid-Silurian and the much larger and more complex lycophyte Baragwanathia longifolia in late Silurian. A related alternative to the gateway hypothesis is the common liability to addiction (CLA) theory. This steady infusion can benefit people who are using cannabis to treat pain and inflammation. Generally, the effect is strongest for about 10 minutes to half an hour after smoking cannabis, but if you smoke a lot, you may still feel stoned for a couple of hours. [4] It is also approved in several European countries for overactive bladder and vomiting. Submit blog post In Buddhism, cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. The latter of these pigments is not found in red or brown algae. They can mislead people into thinking that radiotherapy and chemotherapy are evil treatments that don’t work, their doctors are their enemies, and that all a person with cancer needs is natural cannabis.


Cannabis (drug) sponsored post

Craft farming, terroir, tasting notes and appellations is the new language of getting high. Cannabis is taken to facilitate meditation and also heighten awareness of all aspects of the ceremony, with a large oral dosage being taken in time with the ceremony so that the climax of the "high" coincides with the climax of the ceremony. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. Guest contributor guidelines [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. Guest post policy Abroad, the apostles collected and organised new plants, animals and minerals according to Linnaeus's system. Bhang, black, blast, blow, blunts, Bob Hope, bush, dope, draw, ganga, grass, hash, hashish, hemp, herb, marijuana, pot, puff, Northern Lights, resin, sensi, sensemilla, skunk, smoke, spliff, wacky backy, weed, zero etc. Looking for guest posts [126] Although the epidemiological association is robust, evidence to prove a causal relationship is lacking. This may be due to inflammation and irritation of the airways. Submit article Smith founded the Linnean Society of London five years later. Want to contribute to our website parthenocarpic) infructescences of female cannabis plants. Even people who have enjoyed using cannabis before can unexpectedly find that it gives them bad rather than good feelings. [10] Wind-pollination is the way that the majority of the families that fall under the order Rosales (including Moraceae, Ulmaceae, and Urticaceae etc. Contribute to our site Some metabolites can be detected in the urine for up to 2 weeks following smoking or ingestion. Accepting guest posts Humberside Police said the people doing the work were often victims of modern slavery. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. [113] Cannabis withdrawal is less severe than withdrawal from alcohol. Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. Inspector Adrian Luscombe, whose team led the operation, explained: "In Mexborough and the surrounding areas of Doncaster, we focus heavily on tacking organised crime gangs (OCG). Submit post Compounds which have a structure similar to THC are known as cannabinoids. [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. Blog for us FCA guidance clears way for companies providing products for medical use to float on stock exchange. In the far north, among the nomadic tribes of Mongolia and Siberia, shamanism was widespread and common until rather recent times. marijuana legislation and regulation" and to "reflect the existing science behind cannabis". The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. The drug use must be "implicated" in the emergency department visit, but does not need to be the direct cause of the visit. Submit content [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. Contribute to our site Effects of chronic use may include bronchitis, a cannabis dependence syndrome, and subtle impairments of attention and memory. The genome of a plant controls its growth. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved smoked cannabis for any condition or disease, as it deems that evidence is lacking concerning safety and efficacy. thinking people are plotting against you) delusions (e. Guest posting rules Craft farming, terroir, tasting notes and appellations is the new language of getting high. [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. Submit blog post "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. A tall canelike variety is raised for the production of hemp fibre, while the female plants of a short branchier variety are prized as the more abundant source of the psychoactive substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana. Publish your guest post Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Become a contributor He recommended the substance for many ailments, including constipation, gout, rheumatism, and absent-mindedness. It is hard to work out though whether the cannabis causes these problems or if the cannabis use is a result of them, and individuals are using it to self-medicate. Smoking – Probably the most common way to use herbal cannabis is to roll it up in a cigarette (joint or spliff) and smoke it. Guest author Linnaeus did not like him, writing in his autobiography that Telander "was better calculated to extinguish a child's talents than develop them". Contributor guidelines [89] A 2014 review found that while cannabis use may be less harmful than alcohol use, the recommendation to substitute it for problematic drinking was premature without further study. Submit guest post The author also points out that a medicine such as d-9-THCV, by simultaneously blocking CB1Rs and activating CB2Rs, may have potential for the management of disorders such as chronic liver disease and obesity, particularly when these are associated with inflammation. Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Regular or heavy cannabis use has been linked to changes in the female menstrual cycle and lower sperm count, or lower sperm quality in men. It's possible to get addicted to cannabis, especially people who are considered regular or heavy users. Another study by Drug Science also looked at how changing governmental legislation on cannabis can reduce harm to users and found that state control of cannabis was the best policy to minimise drug harms. [8][9] Others oppose its legalization, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. Normally GPCRs are linked together to form a receptor complex. Want to write for In 1750, Linnaeus became rector of Uppsala University, starting a period where natural sciences were esteemed. Some people say feeling 'stoned' makes them feel chilled out and happy in their own thoughts, while others say it makes them giggly and chatty. [111] Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or synthetic fibres such as rayon and acetate derived from plant cellulose. Guest post- Smith founded the Linnean Society of London five years later. Tobacco smoke can give you lung cancer, COPD, and other potentially deadly diseases. Guest posters wanted [261] According to Daniel Forbes writing for slate. Guest posts Smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming dependent on nicotine. Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. Guest post: Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae). Marijuana or marihuana (herbal cannabis)[20] consists of the dried flowers and fruits and subtending leaves and stems of the female Cannabis plant. This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[48] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[49] including nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycyclic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Contributing writer The use of CBD-based prescription medication Epidiolex to reduce some kinds of seizures is well established. Do the benefits of cannabis outweigh the risks? Find out here. Well-known members of Rosales include: roses, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, apples and pears, plums, peaches and apricots, almonds, rowan and hawthorn, jujube, elms, banyans, figs, mulberries, breadfruit, nettles, hops, and cannabis. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. Medical organizations that have issued statements in support of allowing access to medical cannabis include the American Nurses Association,[8] American Public Health Association,[147] American Medical Student Association,[148] National Multiple Sclerosis Society,[149] Epilepsy Foundation,[150] and Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. [48] There are concerns surrounding memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, risk of schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident. Guest post: On decarboxylation the following major cannabinoids THC, CBD, CBC, CBCV, CBDV, CBGV, THCV are formed. Cannabis is taken to facilitate meditation and also heighten awareness of all aspects of the ceremony, with a large oral dosage being taken in time with the ceremony so that the climax of the "high" coincides with the climax of the ceremony. Guest posts wanted He adopted the Latinate name Linnæus after a giant linden tree (or lime tree), lind in Swedish, that grew on the family homestead. Suggest a post The study found that higher THC levels in hair in daily users were associated with increased depression and anxiety, as well as poorer prose recall and source memory [Morgan et al. [73] During germination repair processes are activated to deal with this accumulated DNA damage. The first edition of Systema Naturae was printed in the Netherlands in 1735. [50] The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido[25] and distortions in the perception of time and space. Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. Submitting a guest post In the mosses and hornworts a cuticle is usually only produced on the sporophyte. [70][71][72][73] For Schultes, this was a reversal of his previous interpretation that Cannabis is monotypic, with only a single species. Rudbeck no longer gave public lectures, and had others stand in for him. 18 oz) for personal use is decriminalized, however: the police may still confiscate it, which often happens in car checks near the border. Submitting a guest post [53] These putative effects can be taken in context of a wide range of cardiovascular phenomena regulated by the endocannabinoid system and an overall role of cannabis in causing decreased peripheral resistance and increased cardiac output, which potentially could pose a threat to those with cardiovascular disease. Guest post: The gametophytes of all vascular plant groups evolved to become reduced in size and prominence in the life cycle. Guest post guidelines [68][234] Canada is the second country to legalize the drug. Become guest writer The very first compound isolated in pure form from the plant was cannabinol [Wood, 1899]. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the atmosphere. Guest posts the herb is the healing of the nations. The observations from the expedition were later published in Öländska och Gothländska Resa, written in Swedish. [140] CBD also acts as an allosteric modulator of the μ- and δ-opioid receptors. Hash oil is a resinous matrix of cannabinoids obtained from the Cannabis plant by solvent extraction,[181] formed into a hardened or viscous mass. Want to write a post His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. Will a dodgy past get in his way? iPlayerWill a dodgy past get in his way?. "[6] Linnaeus has been called Princeps botanicorum (Prince of Botanists) and "The Pliny of the North". He recommended the substance for many ailments, including constipation, gout, rheumatism, and absent-mindedness. Sponsored post THC and its major (inactive) metabolite, THC-COOH, can be measured in blood, urine, hair, oral fluid or sweat using chromatographic techniques as part of a drug use testing program or a forensic investigation of a traffic or other criminal offense. More research is needed in this area. Colors may seem brighter, music more vivid, and emotions more profound. Borderline personality disorder causes problems regulating thoughts, emotions, and self-image. His reputation had spread over the world, and he corresponded with many different people. Guest posters wanted Linnaeus's hope was to find new plants, animals and possibly valuable minerals. Long-term, heavy use of marijuana (THC) can lead to a condition called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). "Because of this, we invest significant resources in disrupting this activity and identifying those responsible. Guest-blogger Widely cultivated strains of cannabis, such as "Afghani" or "Hindu Kush", are indigenous to the Pakistan and Afghanistan regions, while "Durban Poison" is native to Africa. They can be found in the mountains, the tropics and the arctics. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. Some studies state that while there is no proof for the gateway hypothesis,[273] young cannabis users should still be considered as a risk group for intervention programs. The following year in 1964, Gaoni and Mechoulam isolated the main active compound, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (d-9-THC) (Figure 1) [Gaoni and Mechoulam, 1964]. The botanists engaged in heated debate (outside of court), and both camps impugned the other's integrity. Submit your content 4 mg of THC and 30 mg of CBD; mild to moderate dizziness is common during the first few weeks. Submit guest article [24][23] There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis,[28][29] though the direction of causality is debated. This helps avoid detection but reduces the CBD production of the plant. With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. Guest contributor guidelines Unlike drugs such as alcohol, paracetamol, heroin or ecstasy, users do not die after accidentally taking too much. During the verbal learning and retrieval of word pair tasks, d-9-THC modulated activity in mediotemporal and ventrostriatal regions, whilst CBD had no such effect [Bhattacharyya et al. [202] It was used by Muslims in various Sufi orders as early as the Mamluk period, for example by the Qalandars. Guest post policy [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. During a visit with his parents, Linnaeus told them about his plan to travel to Lapland; Rudbeck had made the journey in 1695, but the detailed results of his exploration were lost in a fire seven years afterwards. Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects.